Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.
← Back to Search

Human Bacteroides And Total Coliforms As Indicators Of Recent Combined Sewer Overflows And Rain Events In Urban Creeks.

S. McGinnis, S. Spencer, Aaron D. Firnstahl, J. Stokdyk, M. Borchardt, D. McCarthy, H. Murphy
Published 2018 · Biology, Medicine

Save to my Library
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy Visualize in Litmaps
Share
Reduce the time it takes to create your bibliography by a factor of 10 by using the world’s favourite reference manager
Time to take this seriously.
Get Citationsy
Combined sewer overflows (CSOs) are a known source of human fecal pollution and human pathogens in urban water bodies, which may present a significant public health threat. To monitor human fecal contamination in water, bacterial fecal indicator organisms (FIOs) are traditionally used. However, because FIOs are not specific to human sources and do not correlate with human pathogens, alternative fecal indicators detected using qPCR are becoming of interest to policymakers. For this reason, this study measured correlations between the number and duration of CSOs and mm of rainfall, concentrations of traditional FIOs and alternative indicators, and the presence of human pathogens in two urban creeks. Samples were collected May-July 2016 and analyzed for concentrations of FIOs (total coliforms and E. coli) using membrane filtration as well as for three alternative fecal indicators (human Bacteroides HF183 marker, human polyomavirus (HPoV), pepper mild mottle virus (PMMoV)) and nine human pathogens using qPCR. Four of the nine pathogens analyzed were detected at these sites including adenovirus, Enterohemorrhagic E. coli, norovirus, and Salmonella. Among all indicators studied, human Bacteroides and total coliforms were significantly correlated with recent CSO and rainfall events, while E. coli, PMMoV, and HPoV did not show consistent significant correlations. Further, human Bacteroides were a more specific indicator, while total coliforms were a more sensitive indicator of CSO and rainfall events. Results may have implications for the use and interpretation of these indicators in future policy or monitoring programs.
This paper references
10.2105/AJPH.69.7.690
Relationship of microbial indicators to health effects at marine bathing beaches.
V. Cabelli (1979)
Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater : supplement to the sixteenth edition
A. E. Greenberg (1988)
10.1002/JMV.1890370214
Detection of adenoviruses in stools from healthy persons and patients with diarrhea by two‐step polymerase chain reaction
A. Allard (1992)
10.1080/09593339309385322
Dynamics of indicator bacteria populations in sediment and river water near a combined sewer outfall
K. Irvine (1993)
10.1016/0273-1223(95)00347-P
Bacteriology of urban runoff: the combined sewer as a bacterial reactor and generator
J. B. Ellis (1995)
10.1016/0043-1354(96)00079-6
Relationships between indicators, pathogens and water quality in an estuarine system
C. M. Ferguson (1996)
10.1128/AEM.64.10.4103-4105.1998
Persistence of PCR-Detectable Bacteroides distasonis from Human Feces in River Water
C. Kreader (1998)
10.1128/AEM.66.1.238-245.2000
Documenting the Epidemiologic Patterns of Polyomaviruses in Human Populations by Studying Their Presence in Urban Sewage
S. Bofill-Mas (2000)
10.1128/AEM.66.1.230-237.2000
Sources of Escherichia coli in a Coastal Subtropical Environment
H. Solo-Gabriele (2000)
10.1128/AEM.69.7.3687-3694.2003
Role of Nonhost Environments in the Lifestyles of Salmonella and Escherichia coli
M. Winfield (2003)
10.1016/S0168-6496(03)00214-9
Growth and survival of Escherichia coli and enterococci populations in the macro-alga Cladophora (Chlorophyta).
M. Byappanahalli (2003)
10.1080/15287390490492430
URBAN WET-WEATHER FLOWS: SOURCES OF FECAL CONTAMINATION IMPACTING ON RECREATIONAL WATERS AND THREATENING DRINKING-WATER SOURCES
J. Maršálek (2004)
10.1086/432076
Frequent detection of polyomaviruses in stool samples from hospitalized children.
J. Vanchiere (2005)
10.1289/ehp.8273
Rapidly Measured Indicators of Recreational Water Quality Are Predictive of Swimming-Associated Gastrointestinal Illness
T. Wade (2006)
10.1021/ES060343I
Distribution of human polyomaviruses, adenoviruses, and hepatitis E virus in the environment and in a drinking-water treatment plant.
N. Albińana-Giménez (2006)
10.1016/J.WATRES.2006.04.040
Alternative indicators of fecal pollution: relations with pathogens and conventional indicators, current methodologies for direct pathogen monitoring and future application perspectives.
O. Savichtcheva (2006)
10.1371/journal.pbio.0040003
RNA Viral Community in Human Feces: Prevalence of Plant Pathogenic Viruses
Tao Zhang (2006)
10.1016/J.WATRES.2007.03.028
Relationships between Bacteroides 16S rRNA genetic markers and presence of bacterial enteric pathogens and conventional fecal indicators.
O. Savichtcheva (2007)
10.1016/J.WATRES.2007.06.056
Fecal source tracking, the indicator paradigm, and managing water quality.
K. Field (2007)
10.1016/J.WATRES.2007.04.013
Identification of pets and raccoons as sources of bacterial contamination of urban storm sewers using a sequence-based bacterial source tracking method.
J. Ram (2007)
10.1097/EDE.0b013e318169cc87
High Sensitivity of Children to Swimming-Associated Gastrointestinal Illness: Results Using a Rapid Assay of Recreational Water Quality
T. Wade (2008)
10.1016/j.watres.2009.01.033
Seasonal relationships among indicator bacteria, pathogenic bacteria, Cryptosporidium oocysts, Giardia cysts, and hydrological indices for surface waters within an agricultural landscape.
G. Wilkes (2009)
10.1111/j.1365-2672.2009.04367.x
Viruses in recreational water‐borne disease outbreaks: a review
R. Sinclair (2009)
10.1016/j.watres.2009.06.036
Rapid QPCR-based assay for fecal Bacteroides spp. as a tool for assessing fecal contamination in recreational waters.
R. Converse (2009)
10.1128/AEM.01316-09
Quantitative Detection of Human Adenoviruses in Wastewater and Combined Sewer Overflows Influencing a Michigan River
Theng-Theng Fong (2009)
10.1128/AEM.00410-09
Pepper Mild Mottle Virus as an Indicator of Fecal Pollution
K. Rosario (2009)
10.2166/wh.2009.122
A sea change ahead for recreational water quality criteria.
A. Boehm (2009)
10.1186/1476-069X-9-66
Rapidly measured indicators of recreational water quality and swimming-associated illness at marine beaches: a prospective cohort study
T. Wade (2010)
10.1016/j.watres.2010.02.009
Microbial risks associated with exposure to pathogens in contaminated urban flood water.
J. T. ten Veldhuis (2010)
10.1016/j.watres.2010.07.064
Estimating the primary etiologic agents in recreational freshwaters impacted by human sources of faecal contamination.
J. Soller (2010)
10.1021/es100311n
Performance of PCR-based assays targeting Bacteroidales genetic markers of human fecal pollution in sewage and fecal samples.
O. Shanks (2010)
10.1111/j.1365-2672.2011.05130.x
Occurrence of adenovirus and other enteric viruses in limited‐contact freshwater recreational areas and bathing waters
A. Aslan (2011)
10.1016/j.watres.2011.04.049
Detection of the human specific Bacteroides genetic marker provides evidence of widespread sewage contamination of stormwater in the urban environment.
Elizabeth P. Sauer (2011)
10.1128/AEM.00239-11
Comparison of the Host Specificities of Two Bacteroidales Quantitative PCR Assays Used for Tracking Human Fecal Contamination
Laurie C. Van De Werfhorst (2011)
10.1016/j.jviromet.2010.09.013
Detection and quantitation of infectious human adenoviruses and JC polyomaviruses in water by immunofluorescence assay.
B. Calgua (2011)
10.1016/j.watres.2010.10.021
Evaluation of pepper mild mottle virus, human picobirnavirus and Torque teno virus as indicators of fecal contamination in river water.
I. Hamza (2011)
10.1007/s12560-011-9076-3
The Impact of Combined Sewage Overflows on the Viral Contamination of Receiving Waters
Roberto A. Rodríguez (2011)
10.1128/AEM.00024-12
Association of Fecal Indicator Bacteria with Human Viruses and Microbial Source Tracking Markers at Coastal Beaches Impacted by Nonpoint Source Pollution
S. McQuaig (2012)
10.1038/jes.2012.4
Recreational use assessment of water-based activities, using time-lapse construction cameras
N. Sunger (2012)
10.1016/j.mimet.2012.10.001
Recovery of diverse microbes in high turbidity surface water samples using dead-end ultrafiltration.
Bonnie J. Mull (2012)
10.1289/ehp.1104499
Viruses in Nondisinfected Drinking Water from Municipal Wells and Community Incidence of Acute Gastrointestinal Illness
M. Borchardt (2012)
10.1016/j.watres.2012.04.030
Measuring and mitigating inhibition during quantitative real time PCR analysis of viral nucleic acid extracts from large-volume environmental water samples.
K. Gibson (2012)
10.1128/AEM.01430-12
Performance of Two Quantitative PCR Methods for Microbial Source Tracking of Human Sewage and Implications for Microbial Risk Assessment in Recreational Waters
C. Staley (2012)
10.1111/jam.12051
Occurrence and reduction of human viruses, F‐specific RNA coliphage genogroups and microbial indicators at a full‐scale wastewater treatment plant in Japan
A. Hata (2013)
10.1128/AEM.00388-14
Biotic Interactions and Sunlight Affect Persistence of Fecal Indicator Bacteria and Microbial Source Tracking Genetic Markers in the Upper Mississippi River
A. Korajkic (2014)
10.1128/AEM.04137-13
Improved HF183 Quantitative Real-Time PCR Assay for Characterization of Human Fecal Pollution in Ambient Surface Water Samples
H. Green (2014)
10.1111/jam.12455
Distribution and abundance of human-specific Bacteroides and relation to traditional indicators in an urban tropical catchment
J. P. Nshimyimana (2014)
10.1016/j.scitotenv.2013.11.088
Occurrence of human enteric viruses at freshwater beaches during swimming season and its link to water inflow.
C. Lee (2014)
10.2134/jeq2014.01.0025
Climate change and land use drivers of fecal bacteria in tropical hawaiian rivers.
A. M. Strauch (2014)
10.1111/1574-6976.12031
Microbial source tracking markers for detection of fecal contamination in environmental waters: relationships between pathogens and human health outcomes.
V. Harwood (2014)
10.1007/s12560-014-9168-y
Frequent and Abundant Merkel Cell Polyomavirus Detection in Urban Wastewaters in Italy
P. Bonito (2014)
10.1016/j.scitotenv.2014.05.072
Human and bovine viruses in the Milwaukee River watershed: Hydrologically relevant representation and relations with environmental variables
S. Corsi (2014)
10.1016/j.scitotenv.2014.04.087
Relative abundance and treatment reduction of viruses during wastewater treatment processes--identification of potential viral indicators.
M. Kitajima (2014)
10.1590/S1517-838246320140718
Seasonal variation on the presence of adenoviruses in stools from non-diarrheic patients
M. Vetter (2015)
10.1016/j.scitotenv.2014.11.021
Pepper mild mottle virus as an indicator and a tracer of fecal pollution in water environments: comparative evaluation with wastewater-tracer pharmaceuticals in Hanoi, Vietnam.
K. Kuroda (2015)
10.1016/j.watres.2014.12.004
Monitoring Bacteroides spp. markers, nutrients, metals and Escherichia coli in soil and leachate after land application of three types of municipal biosolids.
C. McCall (2015)
10.1007/s11270-015-2545-9
Investigating the Reduction of Human Adenovirus (HAdV) and Human Polyomavirus (HPyV) in a Sewage Treatment Plant with a Polishing Pond as a Tertiary Treatment
L. Jurzik (2015)
10.1021/ACS.ESTLETT.5B00219
Human-Associated Fecal Quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction Measurements and Simulated Risk of Gastrointestinal Illness in Recreational Waters Contaminated with Raw Sewage
A. Boehm (2015)
10.1016/j.watres.2016.05.014
Characterizing relationships among fecal indicator bacteria, microbial source tracking markers, and associated waterborne pathogen occurrence in stream water and sediments in a mixed land use watershed.
J. Bradshaw (2016)
10.1128/AEM.01959-16
Human-Associated Bacteroides spp. and Human Polyomaviruses as Microbial Source Tracking Markers in Hawaii
M. Kirs (2016)
10.1021/acs.est.6b01384
Virus Reduction during Advanced Bardenpho and Conventional Wastewater Treatment Processes.
B. Schmitz (2016)
10.1016/j.watres.2016.05.056
Quantification of human-associated fecal indicators reveal sewage from urban watersheds as a source of pollution to Lake Michigan.
H. Templar (2016)
10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.01.034
Quantitative microbial risk assessment combined with hydrodynamic modelling to estimate the public health risk associated with bathing after rainfall events.
Fasil Ejigu Eregno (2016)
10.1016/j.watres.2016.09.010
Human polyomavirus: Advantages and limitations as a human-specific viral marker in aquatic environments.
A. Rachmadi (2016)
10.1007/s10040-017-1581-5
Human virus and microbial indicator occurrence in public-supply groundwater systems: meta-analysis of 12 international studies
G. Fout (2017)



This paper is referenced by
10.1016/j.chemosphere.2021.130728
The occurrence and control of waterborne viruses in drinking water treatment: A review
Li Chen (2021)
10.3389/fmicb.2021.647602
Human Fecal Pollution Monitoring and Microbial Risk Assessment for Water Reuse Potential in a Coastal Industrial–Residential Mixed-Use Watershed
Akechai Kongprajug (2021)
10.1016/b978-0-12-815379-6.00006-4
Microbial source tracking
Orin C. Shanks (2020)
10.1016/j.coesh.2020.02.001
Cross-assembly phage and pepper mild mottle virus as viral water quality monitoring tools—potential, research gaps, and way forward
A. Bivins (2020)
10.1016/j.mimet.2020.106068
Collection system investigation microbial source tracking (CSI-MST): Applying molecular markers to identify sewer infrastructure failures.
Dana Gonzalez (2020)
10.1080/10643389.2020.1757957
Combined sewer overflows: A critical review on best practice and innovative solutions to mitigate impacts on environment and human health
A. Botturi (2020)
10.1007/s40572-020-00278-1
Microbial Indicators of Fecal Pollution: Recent Progress and Challenges in Assessing Water Quality
D. Holcomb (2020)
10.1016/j.watres.2020.116591
Why pathogens matter for meeting the united nations’ sustainable development goal 6 on safely managed water and sanitation
A. Mraz (2020)
10.11648/J.AJEP.20200902.11
The Development and Application of DDPCR Technology on Quantification of Total Coliforms in Water
Wei Ma (2020)
10.1061/(asce)ee.1943-7870.0001599
What Is Safe Sanitation?
J. Rose (2019)
10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.133584
A novel screening tool for the health risk in recreational waters near estuary: The Carrying Capacity indicator.
M. Di Dato (2019)
10.1016/j.jenvman.2019.109386
Normalized dynamic behavior of combined sewer overflow discharges for source water characterization and management.
M. Taghipour (2019)
10.1007/s11356-019-06513-z
Relationship between infiltration, sewer rehabilitation, and groundwater flooding in coastal urban areas
X. Su (2019)
10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.07.055
A review on microbial contaminants in stormwater runoff and outfalls: Potential health risks and mitigation strategies
W. Ahmed (2019)
10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.09.258
Relationships between chemical and microbial faecal source tracking markers in urban river water and sediments during and post-discharge of human sewage.
M. Devane (2019)
10.1016/j.watres.2018.06.066
Pepper mild mottle virus: A plant pathogen with a greater purpose in (waste)water treatment development and public health management.
E. Symonds (2018)
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar