Human Health Risk From Consumption Of Two Common Crops Grown In Polluted Soils.
Flora Angela Rutigliano, Rossana Marzaioli, Saverio De Crescenzo, Marco Trifuoggi
Published 2019 · Medicine, Chemistry
Download PDFAnalyze on Scholarcy
Contamination of agricultural soils by trace elements is a recurrent hazard for human health because of the possibility of pollutants entering the food chain. Aim of this study was to assess the human health risk from consumption of the common leafy (Lactuca sativa L.) and fruit (Cucurbita pepo L.) crops, in an agricultural area of Southern Italy. Along with agricultural practices, a major pollutant source is recurrent flooding from the highly polluted Solofrana river. Soil samples and edible parts of crops from 14 sites (10 flooded and 4 not flooded) were analyzed for total amounts of As, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb, V, Zn. The bio-accumulation factor (BAF) and Health Risk Index (HRI) were calculated for each element, crop and site and as average values of all sites (BAFmean and HRImean). Moreover, the Hazard Index (HI) was determined for each site, as the sum of HRI for all elements. Cr and Cu, mostly derived from river flooding and agricultural practices, respectively, were the only elements whose levels exceeded law thresholds and/or the natural background of the study area. Of the two considered crops, L. sativa accumulated more Cd, Cr and Ni, whereas C. pepo was a more effective bioaccumulator of Zn. Both HRImean (for As, Cd, Cr and Ni) and HI were higher for L. sativa than for C. pepo. A low health risk was associated to major soil pollutants (Cr and Cu) found in the study area; in contrast, combined data on soil pollution and plant bio-accumulation points to accumulation of Cd and As, mainly in lettuce, as a potential risk for human health. The results suggest that soil pollution data alone is not sufficient to assess health risk.
This paper references
Spatial distribution and partitioning of organophosphates pesticide in water and sediment from Sarno River and Estuary, Southern Italy
Paolo Montuori (2015)
SCIENTIFIC OPINION Marine biotoxins in shellfish - Domoic acid 1 Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Contaminants in the Food Chain
Jan Alexander (2008)
Health risk assessment of heavy metals via dietary intake of foodstuffs from the wastewater irrigated site of a dry tropical area of India.
Anita Kumari Singh (2010)
Biomonitoring of nutrient and toxic element concentrations in the Sarno River through aquatic plants.
Daniela Baldantoni (2018)
Cadmium, copper and lead levels in different cultivars of lettuce and soil from urban agriculture.
Bruno M. Dala-Paula (2018)
Health hazards and heavy metals accumulation by summer squash (Cucurbita pepo L.) cultivated in contaminated soils
Tarek M. Galal (2016)
Soil Survey Manual
Charles Edwin Kellogg (2017)
Health risk assessment of heavy metals and metalloids via dietary intake of a potential vegetable (Coriandrum sativum L.) grown in contaminated water irrigated agricultural sites of Sargodha, Pakistan
Kafeel Ahmad (2016)
Cadmium accumulation in leaves of leafy vegetables.
Daniela Baldantoni (2016)
Morpho-Physiological Aspects of Productivity and Quality in Squash and Pumpkins (Cucurbita spp.)
J. Brent Loy (2004)
Phosphorus and selected metals mobilized from two commercial fertilizers into overland flow during border irrigation
David Nash (2004)
Impact of river overflowing on trace element contamination of volcanic soils in south Italy: part I. Trace element speciation in relation to soil properties.
Paola Adamo (2006)
Chemical Analysis of Ecological Materials.
J. B. Kenworthy (1974)
Heavy metals in vegetables and their impact on the nutrient quality of vegetables: A review
Javid Manzoor (2018)
Health risk from heavy metals via consumption of food crops in the vicinity of Dabaoshan mine, South China.
Ping Zhuang (2009)
Bioavailability and soil-to-plant transfer factors as indicators of potentially toxic element contamination in agricultural soils.
Paola Adamo (2014)
Redistribution of organic pollutants in river sediments and alluvial soils related to major floods
Klára Hilscherová (2007)
Characterization of heavy metals in contaminated volcanic soils of the Solofrana river valley (southern Italy)
Paola Adamo (2003)
Accumulation of Heavy Metals in Vegetable Species Planted in Contaminated Soils and the Health Risk Assessment
Hang Zhou (2016)
Heavy metals balance in Polish and Dutch agronomy: Actual state and previsions for the future
Jacek Dach (2005)
Chromium in the environment: factors affecting biological remediation
Adel M. Zayed (2004)
Trace elements in soils and plants
Alina Kabata-Pendias (2010)
Metal uptake by homegrown vegetables - the relative importance in human health risk assessments at contaminated sites.
Anna Augustsson (2015)
Human health risk assessment of heavy metals in soil-vegetable system: a multi-medium analysis.
Xingmei Liu (2013)
Health risk assessment of heavy metals in soils and vegetables from wastewater irrigated area, Beijing-Tianjin city cluster, China.
Yanchun Wang (2012)
Quantification of Organic Carbon in Soils: A Comparison of Methodologies and Assessment of the Carbon Content of Organic Matter
S. Sleutel (2007)
A review of soil heavy metal pollution from mines in China: pollution and health risk assessment.
Zhiyuan Li (2014)
Heavy metal accumulation and health risk assessment in wastewater-irrigated urban vegetable farming sites of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Desta Woldetsadik (2017)
Health Risk Assessment of Heavy Metals in Soils and Vegetables from a Typical Greenhouse Vegetable Production System in China
Wenyou Hu (2014)
SUstaiNability: a science communication website on environmental research
Teresita Gravina (2017)
Evaluating heavy metal accumulation and potential health risks in vegetables irrigated with treated wastewater.
Asad Sarwar Qureshi (2016)
Health risks of heavy metals in contaminated soils and food crops irrigated with wastewater in Beijing, China.
Suliman Khan (2008)
Transfer of metals from soil to vegetables and possible health risk assessment
Yeasmin Nahar Jolly (2013)
Changes in macrominerals, trace elements and pigments content during lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) growth: influence of soil composition.
Edgar Quea Pinto (2014)
Soil microbial community as affected by heavy metal pollution in a Mediterranean area of Southern Italy.
Rossana Marzaioli (2010)
Assessment of the environmental conditions of the Sarno river basin (south Italy): a stream sediment approach
Stefano Albanese (2012)
Assessment of the potential health risks associated with the aluminium, arsenic, cadmium and lead content in selected fruits and vegetables grown in Jamaica
Johann M.R. Antoine (2017)
Improvement of vegetables elemental quality by espresso coffee residues.
Rebeca Chaves da Cruz (2014)
Assessment of potentially toxic trace element contamination in urban allotment soils and their uptake by onions: A preliminary case study from Sheffield, England.
Annika M. Weber (2019)
Concentration of heavy metals and trace elements in soils, waters and vegetables and assessment of health risk in the vicinity of a lignite-fired power plant.
Fotini Noli (2016)
Comparison of root absorption, translocation and tolerance of arsenic in the hyperaccumulator Pteris vittata and the nonhyperaccumulator Pteris tremula.
Nicolas Caille (2005)
Influence of agricultural practice on trace metals in soils and vegetation in the water conservation area along the East River (Dongjiang River), South China.
Chunling Luo (2012)
Background and baseline concentration values of elements harmful to human health in the volcanic soils of the metropolitan and provincial areas of Napoli (Italy)
Domenico Cicchella (2005)
Spatial distribution and contamination assessment of six heavy metals in soils and their transfer into mature tobacco plants in Kushtia District, Bangladesh
Narottam Saha (2015)
Heavy metals in vegetables and potential risk for human health
Fernando Guerra (2012)
Assessing risk of heavy metals from consuming food grown on sewage irrigated soils and food chain transfer.
Narasimha Chary (2008)
A comparative study of human health risks via consumption of food crops grown on wastewater irrigated soil (Peshawar) and relatively clean water irrigated soil (lower Dir).
Farooq A Jan (2010)
Phytoremediation of cadmium polluted soils from phosphorus fertilizers
Safoora Asadi Kapourchal (2011)
Assessment of flood-induced changes in soil heavy metal and nutrient status in Rajanpur, Pakistan
Farhan Hafeez (2019)
Topsoil and urban dust pollution and toxicity in Taranto (southern Italy) industrial area and in a residential district
Marco Trifuoggi (2018)
Prüfung der Leistungsfähigkeit von einigen wichtigeren Verfahren zur Bestimmung des Kohlenstoffs mittels Chromschwefelsäure sowie Vorschlag einer neuen Schnellmethode
Ursula Kirkpatrick Springer (1954)
An inventory of heavy metals inputs to agricultural soils in England and Wales.
Fiona A. Nicholson (2003)
Risk Assessment in the Federal Government: Managing the Process
Division on Earth (1983)
The Italian National Food Consumption Survey INRAN-SCAI 2005-06: main results in terms of food consumption.
Catherine Leclercq (2009)
Health risks of heavy metals to the general public in Tianjin, China via consumption of vegetables and fish.
Xilong Wang (2005)
Potential Risk Assessment of Metal Consumption in Food Crops Irrigated with Wastewater
Muhammad Umar Khan (2014)
Assessment of trace element concentrations in soil and plants from cropland irrigated with wastewater.
Halim Avci (2013)
This paper is referenced by
Variations of agricultural soil quality during the growth stages of sorghum and sunflower
Speranza Claudia Panico (2020)