Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.
← Back to Search

Variations In The Profile Distribution And Protection Mechanisms Of Organic Carbon Under Long-term Fertilization In A Chinese Mollisol.

M. Abrar, M. Xu, S. A. Shah, M. W. Aslam, T. Aziz, Adnan Mustafa, M. N. Ashraf, B. Zhou, Xingzhu Ma
Published 2020 · Chemistry, Medicine

Cite This
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
Long term fertilization may have a significant effect on soil organic carbon (SOC) fractions and profile distribution. However, previous research mostly explored the SOC in the topsoil and provided little or no information about its distribution in deeper layers and various protection mechanisms particularly under long-term fertilization. The present study investigated the contents and profile distribution (0-100 cm) of distinct SOC protection mechanisms in the Mollisol (black soil) of Northeast China after 35 years of mineral and manure application. The initial Organic Matter content of the topsoil (0-20 cm) ranged from 26.4 to 27.0 g kg-1 soil, and ploughing depth was up to 20 cm. A combination of physical-chemical fractionation methods was employed to study various SOC fractions. There were significant variations throughout the profile among the various fractions and protection mechanisms. In topsoil (to 40 cm), mineral plus manure fertilization (MNPK) increased the total SOC content and accounted for 16.15% in the 0-20 cm and 12.34% in the 20-40 cm layer, while the manure alone (M) increased the total SOC by 56.14%, 48.73% and 27.73% in the subsoil (40-60, 60-80 and 80-100 cm, respectively). Moreover, MNPK and M in the topsoil and subsoil, respectively increased the unprotected coarse particulate organic carbon (cPOC) (48% and 26%, respectively), physically protected micro-aggregate (μagg) (20% and 18%, respectively) and occluded particulate organic carbon (iPOC) contents (279% and 93%, respectively) compared with the control (CK). A positive linear correlation was observed between total SOC and the cPOC, iPOC, physico-biochemically protected NH-μSilt and physico-chemically protected H-μSilt (p < 0.01) across the whole profile. Overall, physical, physico-biochemical and physico-chemical protection were the predominant mechanisms to sequester carbon in the whole profile, whereas the biochemical protection mechanisms were only relevant in the topsoil, thus demonstrating the differential mechanistic sensitivity of fractions for organic carbon cycling across the profile.
This paper references
Qualitative and quantitative differences in particulate organic matter fractions in organic and conventional farming systems
E. Marriott (2006)
Changes of soil properties and carbon fractions after long-term application of organic amendments in Mollisols
L. Li (2016)
Importance of root derived carbon for soil organic matter storage in a temperate old-growth beech forest - Evidence from C, N and14C content
Cindy Tefs (2012)
Soil macroaggregate turnover and microaggregate formation: a mechanism for C sequestration under no-tillage agriculture
J. Six (2000)
Indications for Soil Carbon Saturation in a Temperate Agroecosystem
Haegeun Chung (2008)
Response of sorption processes of MCPA to the amount and origin of organic matter in a long‐term field experiment
G. Haberhauer (2001)
Repeated monitoring of organic carbon stocks after eight years reveals carbon losses from intensively managed agricultural soils in Western Germany
T. Steinmann (2016)
Management to mitigate and adapt to climate change
R. Lal (2011)
A history of research on the link between (micro)aggregates, soil biota, and soil organic matter dynamics
J. Six (2004)
Soil organic matter pools and carbon-13 natural abundances in particle-size fractions of a long-term agricultural field experiment receiving organic amendments
M. Gerzabek (2001)
Response of the bacterial diversity and soil enzyme activity in particle-size fractions of Mollisol after different fertilization in a long-term experiment
N. Ling (2014)
Long-term fertilization alters chemically-separated soil organic carbon pools: Based on stable C isotope analyses
X. Dou (2016)
Plant diversity increases soil microbial activity and soil carbon storage.
M. Lange (2015)
The contentious nature of soil organic matter
J. Lehmann (2015)
Acid hydrolysis of easily dispersed and microaggregate-derived silt- and clay-sized fractions to isolate resistant soil organic matter
A. Plante (2006)
Priming effects in different soil types induced by fructose, alanine, oxalic acid and catechol additions
U. Hamer (2005)
Agricultural management impacts on soil organic carbon storage under moist and dry climatic conditions of temperate and tropical regions
S. Ogle (2005)
Mechanisms controlling soil carbon turnover and their potential application for enhancing carbon sequestration
J. Jastrow (2007)
REVIEW: The role of ecosystems and their management in regulating climate, and soil, water and air quality
P. Smith (2013)
Soil structure and organic matter: I. Distribution of aggregate-size classes and aggregate-associated carbon.
J. Six (2000)
Strengthening the soil organic carbon pool by increasing contributions from recalcitrant aliphatic bio(macro)molecules
Klaus Lorenz (2007)
Soil carbon saturation: concept, evidence and evaluation
C. E. Stewart (2007)
Carbon sequestration and relationship between carbon addition and storage under rainfed soybean–wheat rotation in a sandy loam soil of the Indian Himalayas
S. Kundu (2007)
Stability of organic carbon in deep soil layers controlled by fresh carbon supply
S. Fontaine (2007)
Chemical characterisation of vegetable and arable crop residue materials: a comparison of methods
C. Rahn (1999)
Contribution of lignin and polysaccharides to the refractory carbon pool in C-depleted arable soils
R. Kiem (2003)
The Depth Distribution of Soil Organic Carbon in Relation to Land Use and Management and the Potential of Carbon Sequestration in Subsoil Horizons
K. Lorenz (2005)
Organo-mineral associations in temperate soils: Integrating biology, mineralogy, and organic matter chemistry
I. Kögel-Knabner (2008)
Decadal Nitrogen Fertilization Decreases Mineral‐Associated and Subsoil Carbon: A 32‐Year Study
M. Shahbaz (2017)
An assessment of subsoil organic carbon stocks in England and Wales
A. S. Gregory (2014)
Long-term fertilization effects on grain yield, water-use efficiency and soil fertility in the dryland of Loess Plateau in China
Tinglu Fan (2005)
Benefits of SOM in agroecosystems: the case of China.
Pan Gen-xing (2015)
The capacity of soils to preserve organic C and N by their association with clay and silt particles
J. Hassink (2004)
Response of soil organic matter fractions and composition of microbial community to long-term organic and mineral fertilization
J. Tian (2017)
Long-term effect of fertilizer and manure application on soil-carbon sequestration and soil fertility under the wheat–wheat–maize cropping system in northwest China
Y. Su (2006)
Differentiation of charcoal, soot and diagenetic carbon in soil: Method comparison and perspectives
Philipp J. Roth (2012)
Macroaggregate Characteristics in Cultivated Soils after 25 Annual Manure Applications
J. Whalen (2002)
How strongly can forest management influence soil carbon sequestration
R. Jandl (2007)
Aggregation and soil organic matter accumulation in cultivated and native grassland soils
J. Six (1998)
Soil health and carbon management
R. Lal (2016)
Mechanisms of real and apparent priming effects and their dependence on soil microbial biomass and community structure: critical review
Е. Blagodatskaya (2008)
Carbon sequestration efficiency in paddy soil and upland soil under long-term fertilization in southern China
Xiyun Yan (2013)
Long-term fertilization and manuring effects on physically-separated soil organic matter pools under a wheat–wheat–maize cropping system in an arid region of China
Long Hai (2010)
Content and composition of free and occluded particulate organic matter in a differently textured arable Cambisol as revealed by solid‐state 13C NMR spectroscopy
A. Koelbl (2004)
Interactive effects of C, N and P fertilization on soil microbial community structure and function in an Amazonian rain forest
Nicolas Fanin (2015)
Effects of long-term cropping regimes on soil carbon sequestration and aggregate composition in rainfed farmland of Northeast China
T. Kou (2012)
Tracing the sources and spatial distribution of organic carbon in subsoils using a multi-biomarker approach
Gerrit Angst (2016)
Fluxes and concentrations of dissolved organic carbon and nitrogen – a synthesis for temperate forests
B. Michalzik (2001)
Soil organic carbon sequestration in relation to organic and inorganic fertilization in rice–wheat and maize–wheat systems
S. Kukal (2009)
Root Exudates Induce Soil Macroaggregation Facilitated by Fungi in Subsoil
V. Baumert (2018)
Decomposition of corn and soybean residues under field conditions and their role as inoculum source
E. M. Reis (2011)
Carbon Fluxes from Different Pools in a Mined Area under Reclamation in Minas Gerais State, Brazil
D. M. Oliveira (2017)
Characteristics of differently stabilised soil organic carbon fractions in relation to long-term fertilisation in Brown Earth of Northeast China.
Xiangru Xu (2016)
Fertilization effects on soil organic matter turnover and corn residue C storage
E. Gregorich (1996)
Stabilization of organic matter in temperate soils: mechanisms and their relevance under different soil conditions – a review
M. Lützow (2006)
Turnover of soil organic matter and storage of corn residue carbon estimated from natural 13C abundance
E. Gregorich (1995)
Soil carbon saturation: Linking concept and measurable carbon pools
C. E. Stewart (2008)
Functional soil organic matter fractions in response to long-term fertilization in upland and paddy systems in South China
F. Yang (2018)
Long-term manure amendments enhance neutral sugar accumulation in bulk soil and particulate organic matter in a Mollisol
Hongtu Xie (2014)
Long-term combined chemical and manure fertilizations increase soil organic carbon and total nitrogen in aggregate fractions at three typical cropland soils in China.
Y. He (2015)
A model of the physical protection of organic matter in soils
J. Hassink (1997)
Soil carbon saturation : implications for measurable carbon pool dynamics in long-term incubations
C. E. Stewart (2009)
Soil carbon sequestration and land‐use change: processes and potential
W. Post (2000)
Physical and Chemical Characteristics of a Typical Mollisol in China
B. Xing (2005)
Carbon Sequestration in Microaggregates of No‐Tillage Soils with Different Clay Mineralogy
K. Denef (2004)
Soil and the intensification of agriculture for global food security.
P. M. Kopittke (2019)
'One physical system': Tansley's ecosystem as Earth's critical zone.
D. Richter (2015)
Extraction and Characterization of Humic Acids and Humin Fractions from a Black Soil of China
X. Bao (2005)
Deep soil organic matter—a key but poorly understood component of terrestrial C cycle
C. Rumpel (2010)
Soil Organic Carbon Dynamics in Black Soils of China Under Different Agricultural Management Systems
X. Liu (2003)
Soil organic carbon stocks in topsoil and subsoil controlled by parent material, carbon input in the rhizosphere, and microbial-derived compounds
Gerrit Angst (2018)
Effect of manure and fertilizer application on the distribution of organic carbon in different soil fractions in long-term field experiments
S. Sleutel (2006)
Stabilization mechanisms of soil organic matter: Implications for C-saturation of soils
J. Six (2004)
Stabilization of carbon from maize in a sandy soil in a long-term experiment
B. Ludwig (2003)
Impact of soil texture on the distribution of soil organic matter in physical and chemical fractions
A. Plante (2006)
Aggregate-associated soil organic matter as an ecosystem property and a measurement tool ☆
J. Six (2014)
Ecosystem carbon budgeting and soil carbon sequestration in reclaimed mine soil.
R. K. Shrestha (2006)
Is soil carbon mostly root carbon? Mechanisms for a specific stabilisation
D. Rasse (2004)
Effects of long-term chemical fertilization and organic amendments on dynamics of soil organic C and total N in paddy soil derived from barren land in subtropical China
Z. Li (2010)

This paper is referenced by
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar