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A New Strategy For Electrochemical Immunoassay Based On Enzymatic Silver Deposition On Agarose Beads.

Y. Luo, X. Mao, Z. Peng, J. Jiang, G. Shen, R. Yu
Published 2008 · Chemistry, Medicine

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A novel, sensitive electrochemical immunoassay in a homogeneously dispersed medium is described herein based on the unique features of agarose beads and the special amplified properties of biometallization. The immunochemical recognition event between human immunoglobulin G (IgG) and goat anti-human IgG antibody is chosen as the model system to demonstrate the proposed immunoassay approach. Avidin-agarose beads rapidly react with the biotinylated goat anti-human IgG antibody to form agarose beads-goat anti-human IgG conjugate (agarose bead-Ab). Agarose bead-Ab, alkaline phosphatase conjugated goat anti-human IgG antibody (ALP-Ab) and the human IgG analyte are mixed to form sandwich-type immunocomplex followed by the addition of the enzymatic silver deposition solution to deposit silver onto the surface of proteins and agarose beads. The silver deposited are dissolved and quantified by anodic stripping voltammetry. The influence of relevant experimental variables was examined and optimized. The logarithm of the anodic stripping peak current depended linearly on the logarithm of the concentration of human IgG in the range from 1 to 1000ng/ml. A detection limit as low as 0.5ng/ml human IgG was attained by 3sigma-rule. The R.S.D. of the approach is 9.65% for eight times determination of 10ng/ml human IgG under same conditions. Optical microscope and TEM graphs were also utilized to characterize agarose beads and silver nanoparticles formed.
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