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Androgen Repression Of The Production Of A 29-kilodalton Protein And Its MRNA In The Rat Ventral Prostate.

A. Saltzman, R. Hiipakka, C. Chang, S. Liao
Published 1987 · Medicine, Biology

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The regression of the ventral prostate, after a rat is deprived of androgens by castration, is accompanied by a marked decrease in the prostate's ability to synthesize RNA and major proteins. Surprisingly, in vitro translation of prostate RNA, isolated from rats 2 days after castration, detects four proteins with Mr of approximately 29,000, 37,000, 46,000, and 49,000 whose message levels increased 4- to 12-fold compared to results from normal rats. According to cDNA dot hybridization analysis, the increase after castration in the level of the 29-kDa protein-mRNA (per unit amount of DNA) was reversed within 6 h by androgen treatment of castrated rats. In contrast, the level of a mRNA in male rat liver, which hybridized to a cloned probe for the prostate 29-kDa protein-mRNA was reduced by castration and increased by androgen treatment. During an in vitro incubation, the ventral prostates of normal rats were much less efficient than the prostates of rats castrated 2 days earlier in synthesizing a 29-kDa protein. Despite the fact that androgenic manipulation of rats induced very rapid and significant changes in the production of the 29-kDa protein and in the level of its mRNA, the cellular level of this protein in the prostate, as determined by radioimmunoassay, was maintained at near normal values throughout the 2-week experimental period. Thus, the prostate appears to have a mechanism, based on androgen repression of certain genes, to maintain the cellular levels of the 29-kDa protein and possibly other structurally or functionally important proteins during both the periods of androgen-dependent growth and the castration-induced regression. The loss of such a regulatory mechanism may result in androgen-independent abnormal prostate growth.
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