Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.
← Back to Search

Calcium Carbonate Suppresses Haem Toxicity Markers Without Calcium Phosphate Side Effects On Colon Carcinogenesis

Ossama Allam, Diane Bahuaud, Sylviane Taché, Nathalie Naud, Denis E. Corpet, Fabrice H. F. Pierre

Cite This
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
Red meat intake is associated with an increased risk of colorectal cancer. We have previously shown that haemin, Hb and red meat promote carcinogen-induced preneoplastic lesions, aberrant crypt foci (ACF), in the colon of rats. We have also shown that dietary calcium phosphate inhibits haemin-induced promotion and normalises faecal lipoperoxides and cytotoxicity. Unexpectedly, high-calcium phosphate control diet-fed rats had more preneoplastic lesions in the colon than low-Ca control diet-fed rats. The present study was designed to find a Ca supplementation with no adverse effect, by testing several doses and types of Ca salts. Onein vitrostudy and two short-term studies in rats identified calcium carbonate as the most effective Ca salt to bind haemin vitroand to decrease faecal biomarkers previously associated with increased carcinogenesis: faecal water cytotoxicity and thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances. A long-term carcinogenesis study in dimethylhydrazine-injected rats demonstrated that a diet containing 100 μmol/g calcium carbonate did not promote ACF, in contrast with a previously tested calcium phosphate diet. The results suggest that calcium carbonate, and not calcium phosphate, should be used to reduce haem-associated colorectal cancer risk in meat eaters. They support the concept that the nature of the associated anion to a protective metal ion is important for chemoprevention.