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Detection Of Peptidases In Trypanosoma Cruzi Epimastigotes Using Chromogenic And Fluorogenic Substrates.

N. Healy, S. Greig, H. Enahoro, H. Roberts, L. Drake, E. Shaw, F. Ashall
Published 1992 · Biology, Medicine

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Detergent extracts of Trypanosoma cruzi epimastigotes catalysed the hydrolysis of a range of amino-acyl and peptidyl p-nitro-anilides and aminomethylcoumarins. At least three enzymes were detected that cleave Z-Phe-Arg-MCA. Two of these were optimally active at alkaline pH, the other at pH 4.0. Of the two enzymes with alkaline pH optima, one was a cysteine peptidase and was unable to cleave Bz-Arg-MCA readily, whilst the other cleaved Bz-Arg-MCA and was inhibited by diisopropyl fluorophosphate. The acidic enzyme was similar to cathespin L of other eukaryotes with respect to its pH profile, substrate-specificity and inhibitor-sensitivity. Evidence was presented that epimastigotes contain a cysteine-type dipeptidyl aminopeptidase, one or more aminopeptidases, and a serine peptidase that cleaves Boc-Ala-Ala-pNA. Digitonin solubilization of the activities from cells supports the hypothesis that the cathespin L-like enzyme and the dipeptidyl aminopeptidase are lysosomal, whilst the Bz-Arg-MCA hydrolase, the aminopeptidases and the Boc-Ala-Ala-pNA serine peptidase are cytosolic.
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