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Effect Of Direct Control Of Electroosmosis On Peptide And Protein Separations In Capillary Electrophoresis.

C. Wu, T. Lopes, B. Patel, C. Lee
Published 1992 · Chemistry, Medicine

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The separations of peptide and protein mixtures in capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE) at various solution conditions were studied with the direct control of electroosmosis. The zeta potential at the aqueous/capillary interface and the resulted electroosmosis in the presence of an electric field were directly controlled by using an additional electric field applied from outside of the capillary. The controlled electroosmotic flow affected the migration time and zone resolution of peptide and protein mixtures. The changes in the magnitude and polarity of the zeta potential caused the various degrees of peptide and protein adsorption onto the capillary through the electrostatic interactions. The separation efficiencies of peptide and protein mixtures were enhanced due to the reduction in peptide and protein adsorption at the capillary wall. The direct manipulations of the separation efficiency and resolution of peptide and protein mixtures in CZE were demonstrated by simply controlling the zeta potential and the electroosmotic flow with the application of an external electric field.
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