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Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor Cantilever Arrays On A Single Chip: Mass-sensitive Detection Of Volatile Organic Compounds.
Published 2002 · Medicine, Chemistry
The sensing behavior of polymer-coated resonant cantilevers for mass-sensitive detection of volatile organic compounds was investigated. Industrial complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) technology combined with subsequent CMOS-compatible micromachining was used to fabricate a single-chip system comprising the transducers and all necessary driving and signal-conditioning circuitry. An analytical model was developed to describe the mass-sensing mechanism of polymer-coated resonant cantilevers. The model was validated by measurements of various gaseous analytes. As an exemplary application, the quantitative analysis of a binary mixture using an array of four cantilevers is described. Experimental results are given for the concentration prediction of a mixture of n-octane and toluene. Finally, it was established that the limit of detection achieved with cantilever sensors is comparable to that of other acoustic wave-based gas sensors.