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β-C3N4 Nanocrystals: Carbon Dots With Extraordinary Morphological, Structural, And Optical Homogeneity
Published 2018 · Materials Science
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Carbon nanodots are known for their appealing optical properties, especially their intense fluorescence tunable in the visible range. However, they are often affected by considerable issues of optical and structural heterogeneity, which limit their optical performance and limit the practical possibility of applying these nanoparticles in several fields. Here we developed a synthesis method capable of producing a unique variety of carbon nanodots displaying an extremely high visible absorption strength (e > 3 × 106 M(dot)−1 cm–1) and a high fluorescence quantum yield (73%). The high homogeneity of these dots reflects in many domains: morphological (narrow size distribution), structural (quasi-perfect nanocrystals with large electronic bandgaps), and optical (nontunable fluorescence from a single electronic transition). Moreover, we provide the proof of principle that an aqueous solution of these dots can be used as an active medium in a laser cavity, displaying a very efficient laser emission with dye-like...