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Silver Oxide Mediated Monotosylation Of Poly(ethylene Glycol) (PEG): Heterobifunctional PEG Via Polymer Desymmetrization

H. Pohlit, Matthias Worm, Jens Langhanki, Elena Berger-Nicoletti, T. Opatz, H. Frey
Published 2017 · Chemistry

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Heterobifunctional poly(ethylene glycol)s (PEGs) are key structures for bioconjugation in the context of the “PEGylation” strategy to enhance blood circulation times of, for example, peptide drugs or “stealth” liposomes. The formation of heterobifunctional PEGs from symmetric PEG diols is challenging because of limited yields of the targeted monofunctional product and difficulties associated with separation steps. On the basis of a detailed comparison of reaction conditions, we have investigated a “polymer desymmetrization” strategy to maximize the yields of monofunctional PEG tosylate. The tosylation reaction in the presence of the heterogeneous catalyst silver oxide and potassium iodide in a specific stoichiometric ratio proved to be highly efficient, resulting in 71–76% yield of monofunctional PEG depending on molecular weight, exceeding the expected value of 50% in a statistical reaction without addition of a catalyst. For characterization as well as for the preparative separation of monotosylated PEG...
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