Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.
← Back to Search

Electrical Rectification By A Monolayer Of Hexadecylquinolinium Tricyanoquinodimethanide Measured Between Macroscopic Gold Electrodes

R. Metzger, T. Xu, I. Peterson
Published 2001 · Chemistry

Cite This
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
Share
Unimolecular rectification was detected between oxide-free Au electrodes for a Langmuir−Blodgett (LB) monolayer of the zwitterionic D+-π-A- molecule hexadecylquinolinium tricyanoquinodimethanide, C16H33Q−3CNQ. The top gold pad was deposited by a process that cools the metal vapor before deposition. The maximum rectification ratio is 27.5 at 2.2 V (the average rectification ratio is 7.55). The currents are as large as 9.04 × 104 electrons molecule-1 s-1. The result reinforces previous work with oxide-bearing Al electrodes, but the currents with Au electrodes are larger by 3−5 orders of magnitude. Rectification was also seen for a nine-monolayer Z-type LB film between similar Au electrodes but not for a monolayer of arachidic acid. The direction of enhanced electron current is from the negatively charged dicyanomethylene end of C16H33Q−3CNQ to the quinolinium ring, as predicted by the Aviram−Ratner analysis. However, there is a good fit to the behavior expected for quantum conduction dominated by a single m...
This paper references
10.1063/1.480696
Formalism, analytical model, and a priori Green's-function-based calculations of the current-voltage characteristics of molecular wires
L. E. Hall (2000)
10.1016/S0065-2539(08)60548-X
Electron crystallography of organic molecules
D. Dorset (1991)
10.1016/0040-6090(85)90457-2
Metal/Langmuir-Blodgett/metal junctions using PbIn superconducting electrodes☆
S. Hao (1985)
10.1147/RD.323.0306
Spatial variation of currents and fields due to localized scatterers in metallic conduction
R. Landauer (1988)
10.1557/PROC-582-H12.2
Unimolecular Electrical Rectification Down to 105 K, and Spectroscopy of Hexadecylquinolinium Tricyanoquinodimethanide
R. Metzger (1999)
10.1016/0301-0104(95)00137-D
Electronic structure of donor-spacer-acceptor molecules of potential interest for molecular electronics. IV. Geometry and device properties of P3CNQ and Q3CNQ
A. Broo (1995)
10.1016/S0040-6090(98)00662-2
Observation of unimolecular electrical rectification in hexadecylquinolinium tricyanoquinodimethanide
R. Metzger (1998)
10.1063/1.1659785
Tunneling through Fatty Acid Salt Monolayers
B. Mann (1971)
10.1021/AR9900663
ELECTRICAL RECTIFICATION BY A MOLECULE : THE ADVENT OF UNIMOLECULAR ELECTRONIC DEVICES
R. Metzger (1999)
10.1016/S0040-6090(00)01044-0
Investigation of the interfacial structure of ultra-thin platinum films using X-ray reflectivity and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy
D. Solina (2000)
10.1021/JP0024571
Analytical Model for Molecular-Scale Charge Transport †
I. Peterson (2001)
10.1016/0040-6090(86)90124-0
Metallic conduction through Langmuir-Blodgett films
N. R. Couch (1986)
10.1016/0040-6090(87)90310-5
Birefringence effects in metal overlayers on langmuir−Blodgett films
I. Peterson (1987)
10.1002/(SICI)1099-0712(1998090)8:5<229::AID-AMO346>3.0.CO;2-S
Demonstration of unimolecular electrical rectification in hexadecylquinolinium tricyanoquinodimethanide
R. Metzger (1998)
10.1021/JA971811E
UNIMOLECULAR ELECTRICAL RECTIFICATION IN HEXADECYLQUINOLINIUM TRICYANOQUINODIMETHANIDE
R. Metzger (1997)
10.1016/S0379-6779(99)00191-5
Unimolecular rectification down to 105 K and spectroscopy of hexadecylquinolinium tricyanoquinodimethanide
R. Metzger (2000)
10.1016/0040-6090(94)90267-4
The lamellar-columnar transition in Langmuir-Blodgett multilayers of cadmium soaps
H. Merle (1994)
10.1063/1.2807624
Electronic transport in mesoscopic systems
S. Datta (1995)
10.1111/j.1749-6632.1998.tb09866.x
Rectification by a Single Molecule of Hexadecylquinolinium Tricyanoquinodimethanide
R. Metzger (1998)
10.1021/JP983759U
SPECTROSCOPIC STUDIES OF HEXADECYLQUINOLINIUM TRICYANOQUINODIMETHANIDE
J. Baldwin (1999)
10.1039/A902863C
The unimolecular rectifier: unimolecular electronic devices are coming …
R. Metzger (1999)
10.1088/0022-3719/11/10/018
AC and DC conduction in fatty acid Langmuir films
G. G. Roberts (1978)
10.1036/1097-8542.750600
X-ray diffraction
B. E. Warren (1968)
10.1016/S0166-1280(97)00367-9
AM1/CI study of a molecular rectifier
M. Pickholz (1998)
10.1021/JP990006E
Rectification between 370 and 105 K in Hexadecylquinolinium Tricyanoquinodimethanide
B. Chen (1999)
10.1080/10587259908023372
Unimolecular electrical rectification in Hexadecylquinolinium Tricyanoquinodimethanide
R. Metzger (1999)
10.1021/LA990099R
Electron Transfer through a Monolayer of Hexadecylquinolinium Tricyanoquinodimethanide
D. Vuillaume (1999)
10.1002/1521-3773(20010504)40:9<1749::AID-ANIE17490>3.0.CO;2-O
Rectification by a Monolayer of Hexadecylquinolinium Tricyanoquinodimethanide between Gold Electrodes We thank the DOE-EPSCoR (DE-FC02-91-ER-75678) for financial support.
T. Xu (2001)
10.1103/PhysRevB.64.085405
Theory of electrical rectification in a molecular monolayer
C. Krzeminski (2001)



This paper is referenced by
10.5772/intechopen.86030
Ferrocenes as One-Electron Donors in Unimolecular Rectifiers
R. Metzger (2019)
10.1109/TNANO.2009.2030800
Gold/Molecule/p$^+$ Si Devices: Variable Temperature Electronic Transport
A. Scott (2010)
10.1016/J.SUSC.2004.04.061
Measurement of electron transport properties of molecular junctions fabricated by electrochemical and mechanical methods
X. Li (2004)
10.1039/B700074J
Unimolecular rectification of monolayers of CH3C(O)S-C14H28Q(+)-3CNQ(-) and CH3C(O)S-C16H32Q(+)-3CNQ(-) organized by self-assembly, Langmuir-Blodgett, and Langmuir-Schaefer techniques.
Archana Jaiswal (2007)
10.1007/s00894-015-2570-z
Charge transfer complexes of fullerene[60] with porphyrins as molecular rectifiers. A theoretical study
Filiberto Montiel (2015)
10.1039/c8dt00562a
Observation of current rectification by a new asymmetric iron(iii) surfactant in a eutectic GaIn|LB monolayer|Au sandwich.
M. S. Johnson (2018)
10.1088/0953-8984/15/14/201
Current-driven dynamics in molecular-scale devices
T. Seideman (2003)
10.1109/NANO.2004.1392324
Fabrication and electrical characterization of Au/molecule/GaAs devices
S. Lodha (2004)
10.1049/IP-CDS:20040990
Towards individual molecules as electronic components
I. Peterson (2004)
10.1039/c8nr01905c
Quo vadis, unimolecular electronics?
R. Metzger (2018)
10.1016/J.CRHY.2007.10.014
Molecular-scale electronics
D. Vuillaume (2008)
10.1002/9780470661345.SMC094
Single‐Molecule Electronics
R. Metzger (2012)
10.1016/J.JELECHEM.2011.04.027
Electron transfer reaction through an adsorbed layer
A. Cruz (2009)
10.1016/J.SYNTHMET.2011.09.006
Rectifying behavior of [60]fullerene charge transfer complexes: A theoretical study
Manuel García (2011)
10.1016/J.PROGSURF.2008.04.002
Making contact : Connecting molecules electrically to the macroscopic world
H. Haick (2008)
10.1021/JP072216U
Origin of Differing Reactivities of Aliphatic Chains on H−Si(111) and Oxide Surfaces with Metal
C. Hacker (2007)
DNA-Templated Surface Alignment and Characterization of Carbon Nanotubes.
Huijun Xin (2006)
10.1002/CHEM.200500934
Ground-state equilibrium thermodynamics and switching kinetics of bistable [2]rotaxanes switched in solution, polymer gels, and molecular electronic devices.
J. Choi (2005)
10.1021/JP804938M
Redox mediation and electron transfer through supramolecular arrays of ferrocene-labeled streptavidin on biotinylated gold electrodes
O. Azzaroni (2008)
10.1002/anie.200906607
In situ stepwise synthesis of functional multijunction molecular wires on gold electrodes and gold nanoparticles.
G. J. Ashwell (2010)
10.1109/ISE.2005.1612353
Molecular diodes: an altered polarity for rectification in ultra-thin films where the orientation of the dipole is reversed
G.J. Ashwell (2005)
10.1007/3-540-31514-4_13
Unimolecular rectifiers and what lies ahead
R. Metzger (2006)
10.2478/S11532-007-0022-Z
Electron rectification through donor-acceptor-heterocyclics connected to cumulenic bridge: a computational study
J. L. Rao (2007)
10.18452/19271
Self-Assembly and Electronic Properties of π-expanded Macrocycles
C. Gonzaĺez (2018)
10.1039/c7nr03365f
High surface coverage of a self-assembled monolayer by in situ synthesis of palladium nanodeposits.
L. Herrer (2017)
10.1002/ADFM.201904452
Ultrasmooth and Photoresist‐Free Micropore‐Based EGaIn Molecular Junctions: Fabrication and How Roughness Determines Voltage Response
S. K. Karuppannan (2019)
10.1016/S0167-9317(03)00458-1
The metal/organic monolayer interface in molecular electronic devices
D. Vuillaume (2003)
10.1016/J.CIS.2004.09.004
Molecular and nanoscale materials and devices in electronics.
Lei Fu (2004)
10.1021/ja108311j
Mechanism of rectification in tunneling junctions based on molecules with asymmetric potential drops.
C. A. Nijhuis (2010)
Electrical rectification from aligned diodesbased on the donor-(π-bridge)-acceptor molecules
A. Chwialkowska (2007)
10.2478/s11532-007-0022-z
Electron rectification through donor-acceptor-heterocyclics connected to cumulenic bridge: a computational study
J. Laxmikanth Rao (2007)
10.1080/00268976.2014.998734
Effects of quantum interference on the electron transport in the semiconductor/benzene/semiconductor junction
J. Vahedi (2015)
See more
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar