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Fabrication Of Biomolecular Nanostructures By Scanning Near-field Photolithography Of Oligo(ethylene Glycol)-terminated Self-assembled Monolayers.
Published 2007 · Chemistry, Medicine
The UV photo-oxidation of oligo(ethylene glycol) (OEG)-terminated self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) has been studied using static secondary ion mass spectrometry, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, contact angle measurement, and friction force microscopy. OEG-terminated SAMs are oxidized to yield sulfonates, but photodegradation of the OEG chain also occurs on a more rapid time scale, yielding degradation products that remain bound to the surface via gold-sulfur bonds. The oxidation of these degradation products is the rate-limiting step in the process. Photopatterning of OEG-terminated SAMs may be accomplished by using a mask and suitable light source or by using scanning near-field photolithography (SNP) in which the mask is replaced by a scanning near-field optical microscope coupled to a UV laser. Using SNP, it is possible to fabricate patterns in SAMs with a full width at half-maximum height (fwhm) as small as 9 nm, which is approximately 15 times smaller than the conventional diffraction limit. SNP-patterned OEG-terminated SAMs may be used to fabricate protein nanopatterns. By adsorbing carboxylic acid-terminated thiols into oxidized regions and converting these to active ester intermediates, it has been possible to fabricate lines of protein molecules with widths of only a few tens of nanometers.