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Electric Spark Induced Instantaneous And Selective Reduction Of Graphene Oxide On Textile For Wearable Electronics.

Vaishakh Kedambaimoole, Neelotpala Kumar, Vijay Shirhatti, Suresh Nuthalapati, M. Nayak, Rajanna Konandur
Published 2020 · Materials Science, Medicine

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Reduced Graphene Oxide (rGO) enjoys great popularity as an alternative to pristine graphene, due to facile synthesis process of its precursor, Graphene Oxide (GO). Electrical conduction of GO is tunable, subject to the extent of reduction of oxygen functional groups in it. This work for the first time demonstrates rapid reduction of GO using spark at ambient conditions. A stream of spark generated by applying high electric potential across two electrodes, when passed through a film of GO deposited on porous substrate, reduces it into reduced Graphene Oxide (rGO). Up on sparking, the electrical resistance of the GO film drops down by an order of six with in a second, making the reduction process instantaneous. XPS and Raman spectra of Spark reduced Graphene Oxide (SrGO) films revealed a high C:O ratio with increase in the domain of sp2 hybridized carbon. The electromechanical properties of SrGO were practically examined by testing it as flex sensor by incorporating its films with commercially available gloves. It showed high sensitivity for bending and good repeatability while offering an easy route for textile integration, making an impactful statement about the potential of sparking as a cost-effective method to reduce GO on a large scale.
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