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Sticky "delivering-from" Strategies Using Viral Vectors For Efficient Human Neural Stem Cell Infection By Bioinspired Catecholamines.
Published 2014 · Materials Science, Medicine
Controlled release of biosuprastructures, such as viruses, from surfaces has been a challenging task in providing efficient ex vivo gene delivery. Conventional controlled viral release approaches have demonstrated low viral immobilization and burst release, inhibiting delivery efficiency. Here, a highly powerful substrate-mediated viral delivery system was designed by combining two key components that have demonstrated great potential in the fields of gene therapy and surface chemistry, respectively: adeno-associated viral (AAV) vectors and adhesive catecholamine surfaces. The introduction of a nanoscale thin coating of catecholamines, poly(norepinephrine) (pNE) or poly(dopamine) (pDA) to provide AAV adhesion followed by human neural stem cell (hNSC) culture on sticky solid surfaces exhibited unprecedented results: approximately 90% loading vs 25% (AAV_bare surface), no burst release, sustained release at constant rates, approximately 70% infection vs 20% (AAV_bare surface), and rapid internalization. Importantly, the sticky catecholamine-mediated AAV delivery system successfully induced a physiological response from hNSCs, cellular proliferation by a single-shot of AAV encoding fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2), which is typically achieved by multiple treatments with expensive FGF-2 proteins. By combining the adhesive material-independent surface functionalization characters of pNE and pDA, this new sticky "delivering-from" gene delivery platform will make a significant contribution to numerous fields, including tissue engineering, gene therapy, and stem cell therapy.