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C-nucleosides: Synthetic Strategies And Biological Applications.
Published 2009 · Chemistry, Medicine
While natural and synthetic N-nucleosides are vulnerable to enzymatic and acid-catalyzed hydrolysis of the nucleosidic bond, their C-analogues are much more stable. Several C-nucleosides are naturally occurring compounds, e.g., pseudouridine (isolated from the yeast t-RNA) and showdomycin (an antibiotic). Development of novel synthetic methodologies allowed the preparation of a large variety of synthetic analogues, which found numerous applications in medicinal chemistry and chemical biology. Most important biologically active C-nucleosides are the inhibitors of purine nucleosides phosphorylase or IMP dehydrogenase. A number of artificial aryl-C-nucleosides capable of π-stacking are being vigorously investigated as building blocks in chemical biology. In the past few years, several Artificial Expanded Genetic Information Systems (AEGIS)1 have been successfully developed as prime examples of synthetic biology, a newly emerging interdisciplinary area, with the ultimate goal to design systems where high-level behaviors of the living matter are mimicked by artificial chemical systems.2,3