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Electronic Structure Of DNA--unique Properties Of 8-oxoguanosine.
T. Markus, S. Daube, R. Naaman, A. Fleming, James G. Muller, C. Burrows
Published 2009 · Chemistry, Medicine
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8-Oxo-7,8-dihydroguanosine (8-oxoG) is among the most common forms of oxidative DNA damage found in human cells. The question of damage recognition by the repair machinery is a long standing one, and it is intriguing to suggest that the mechanism of efficiently locating damage within the entire genome might be related to modulations in the electronic properties of lesions compared to regular bases. Using laser-based methods combined with organizing various oligomers self-assembled monolayers on gold substrates, we show that indeed 8-oxoG has special electronic properties. By using oligomers containing 8-oxoG and guanine bases which were inserted in an all thymine sequences, we were able to determine the energy of the HOMO and LUMO states and the relative density of electronic states below the vacuum level. Specifically, it was found that when 8-oxoG is placed in the oligomer, the HOMO state is at higher energy than in the other oligomers studied. In contrast, the weakly mutagenic 8-oxo-7,8-dihydroadenosine (8-oxoA) has little or no effect on the electronic properties of DNA.
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