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A General And Efficient Synthesis Of Pyridin-2-yl C-ribonucleosides Bearing Diverse Alkyl, Aryl, Amino, And Carbamoyl Groups In Position 6.

M. Štefko, L. Slavětínská, B. Klepetářová, Michal Hocek
Published 2010 · Chemistry, Medicine

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An efficient and practical methodology of preparation of 6-substituted pyridin-2-yl C-ribonucleosides was developed. A one-pot two-step addition of 2-lithio-6-bromopyridine to TBS-protected ribonolactone followed by acetylation gave 1beta-(6-bromopyridin-2-yl)-1-O-acetyl-2,3,5-tri-O-(tert-butyldimethylsilyl)-D-ribofuranose in high yield. Its reduction with Et(3)SiH and BF(3) x Et(2)O afforded the desired TBS-protected 6-bromopyridine C-ribonucleoside as pure beta-anomer in good overall yield of 63%. This intermediate was then subjected to a series of palladium catalyzed cross-coupling reactions, aminations and aminocarbonylations to give a series of protected 1beta-(6-alkyl-, 6-aryl-, 6-amino-, and 6-carbamoylpyridin-2-yl)-C-ribonucleosides. Deprotection of silylated nucleosides by Et(3)N x 3HF gave a series of title free C-ribonucleosides (12 examples).

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