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Formation Of Water-Soluble Dye-Doped Silica Particles
Published 1997 · Chemistry
Formation mechanism of dye-doped silica particles less than 1 µm in diameters by the Stöber method was investigated. With increasing the content of dyes such as water-soluble porphyrin (TTMAPP) and laser dye (Nile blue), these dye-doped silica particles showed the similar tendency to the following characters: (1) Particle size increased, passed through the maximum at the dye content corresponds to the isoelectric point, and then followed by decrease; (2) Ratio of dimer and monomer of the incorporated dye decreased. In aqueous solution positively charged dyes showed good affinity with negatively charged SiO2 primary particles from the early stage of the formation. Zeta potential of doped-silica particles was measured against nominal dye content: from non-doped to highly doped particles, their surface charge changed from negative to positive. The similar influence caused by positively charged dyes on the particle formation was also observed by Ca2+ doping.