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Thylakoids: A Novel Food-Derived Supplement For Obesity - A Mini-Review.

Sahar Foshati, M. Ekramzadeh
Published 2019 · Medicine

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Nowadays, overweight and obesity are major epidemic health problems that can bring about some other health issues such as cardiovascular disease which is the first cause of mortality worldwide. Thylakoids are disc-like membranes responsible for photosynthetic light reactions in chloroplasts of green plants. Although only a few animal and human studies have been conducted regarding the impact of thylakoids on overweight- and obesity-related factors, all of them have resulted in positive outcomes. These outcomes are as follows: increment of satiety response; suppression of hunger sensations, particularly hedonic hunger; reduction of body weight and fat; promotion of glucose homeostasis; decrease in serum lipids; attenuation of oxidative stress and inflammation; and modulation of gut microbiota, notably by increasing some helpful bacteria such as Lactobacillus reuteri. It seems that some of these useful effects are related to retarded absorption of dietary fat and carbohydrate caused by thylakoids. There is still a need for more well-designed studies.
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