Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.
← Back to Search

Learning Theory And The Symbolic Processes.

O. H. Mowrer
Published 1960 · Psychology

Save to my Library
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
Share
This paper references
10.2307/333931
The story of language
Mario Pei (1949)
The psychology of gesture.
G. Maranon (1950)
10.1037/H0062623
The S-R reinforcement theory of extinction.
H. Gleitman (1954)
10.1126/SCIENCE.129.3350.730-B
Echo Ranging in the Porpoise.
W. Kellogg (1959)
10.2307/2301434
Science and Sanity.
E. T. Bell (1933)
10.1037/H0047459
Extinction during psychotherapy of GSR accompanying embarrassing statements.
J. Dittes (1957)
10.2307/40084809
The Loom of Language
A. Guerard (1944)
10.2307/1417584
Chimpanzees: A Laboratory Colony
N. Munn (1945)
10.1037/H0047470
Representative design and probabilistic theory in a functional psychology.
E. Brunswik (1955)
10.2307/1929022
Social Life Among the Insects
W. Wheeler (1922)
10.1037/H0063046
Competition: the effects of infantile experience upon adult behavior.
E. Fredericson (1951)
10.4324/9781315009605
Infant Speech: A STUDY OF THE BEGINNINGS OF LANGUAGE
M. Lewis (1951)
10.2466/pms.1960.11.1.71
A General Feedback Theory of Human Behavior: Part I
W. Powers (1960)
10.1037/005850
Language in the Objective Mode: A Question of Sufficiency.
C. Osgood (1958)
10.1111/j.1749-6632.1950.tb27330.x
THE SOCIAL BEHAVIOR OF DOGS AND WOLVES: AN ILLUSTRATION OF SOCIOBIOLOGICAL SYSTEMATICS
J. Scott (1950)
10.1037/H0088026
Hereditary differences in the development of dominance in litters of puppies.
A. Pawlowski (1956)
10.1126/science.90.2326.84
The Wisdom of the Body
W. B. Cannon (1932)
10.1037/H0075008
A simple maze: With data on the relation of the distribution of practice to the rate of learning.
K. Lashley (1918)
Causality and the science of human behavior.
A. Grünbaum (1952)
10.1111/J.1746-8361.1950.TB01019.X
WHY THE MIND IS IN THE HEAD?1
W. McCulloch (1950)
10.1037/H0074200
The conditioned reflex and the sign function in learning.
K. Williams (1929)
10.1080/08919402.1921.10532864
Imitation and the Conditioned Reflex
G. Humphrey (1921)
10.1037/H0040129
Social interaction and the self concept.
M. Manis (1955)
10.1037/H0043445
Motivational determinants of risk-taking behavior.
J. Atkinson (1957)
10.2307/2961262
The science of psychology
L. H. Lanier (1930)
10.2307/1401409
The Design of Experiments
R. A. Fisher (1935)
10.1037/H0043531
Emotional reactions of rats to the pain of others.
R. Church (1959)
10.2307/1933133
The Analysis of Social Organization in Animals
J. Scott (1956)
10.1037/H0054770
Experimental investigation of the relation of language to transposition behavior in young children.
M. R. Kuenne (1946)
10.1037/H0053870
The theory of decision making.
W. Edwards (1954)
10.1037/10756-010
Language development in children.
D. McCarthy (1946)
10.1080/08856559.1950.10534077
Cognitive maps and reinforcement.
E. Fredericson (1950)
10.1037/h0050685
Personality and Psychotherapy
N. E. Miller (1950)
10.1364/JOSA.43.000495
The disappearance of steadily fixated visual test objects.
L. Riggs (1953)
10.1037/H0056029
On a distinction between hypothetical constructs and intervening variables.
K. Maccorquodale (1948)
10.1037/H0057434
Studies in spatial learning; response learning vs. place learning by the non-correction method.
E. C. Tolman (1947)
10.1037/H0057127
Effort and extinction rate; a confirmation.
R. Solomon (1948)
10.2307/911645
A Dictionary of Modern English Usage
H. W. Fowler (1926)
10.1037/11273-005
An experimental approach to anxiety, escape and avoidance behavior.
W. N. Schoenfeld (1949)
10.2307/1415214
The Language and Thought of the Child
J. Piaget (1927)
10.1037/11273-010
The role of vigilance in the development of animal neurosis.
H. Liddell (1949)
10.1037/H0056922
Reinforcement of learning; the process of sensory integration.
H. Birch (1949)
10.2307/1417956
Method and theory in experimental psychology
C. E. Osgood (1953)
10.1037/H0075633
Anticipatory responses in the maze.
S. Spragg (1934)
Some specific factors that modify tolerance for environmental stress.
H. Liddell (1949)
10.1037/H0045813
Sleep, wakefulness, and consciousness.
N. Kleitman (1957)
10.1080/08856559.1933.10534227
Form Discrimination in Chimpanzees and Two-Year-Old Children: I. Form (Triangularity) Per Se
Louis W. Gellermann (1933)
10.1037/H0057612
Experimental extinction of an hallucination produced by sensory conditioning.
D. G. Ellson (1941)
10.1146/ANNUREV.PH.18.030156.002043
Higher functions of the nervous system.
H. Jasper (1956)
10.1007/BF00410384
Zur Psychologie des Schimpansen
W. Köhler (1922)
10.2307/1418361
Statistical versus intuitive confidence.
E. A. Bilodeau (1952)
10.1037/H0063579
Tolman's interpretation of vicarious trial and error.
G. A. Austin (1953)
10.1037/H0045527
Reduction of secondary reward value as a function of drive strength during latent extinction.
H. Moltz (1956)
10.1037/H0063169
An experimental analysis of latent learning.
J. P. Seward (1949)
10.1037/H0045253
Toward a concept of the normal personality.
Shoben (1957)
10.1037/H0072064
Anticipatory and inhibitory characteristics of delayed conditioned reactions.
S. C. A. Switzer (1934)
10.1136/bmj.2.4162.492
Conditioning and Learning
E. R. Hilgard (1940)
10.1037/H0083756
Towards a theory of vigilance.
C. H. Baker (1959)
10.1037/H0042393
Some problems in the theory of vigilance.
J. Deese (1955)
10.1097/00006324-195805000-00014
Principles of perception
S. H. Bartley (1958)
10.1037/H0043555
The influence of complexity and novelty in visual figures on orienting responses.
D. Berlyne (1958)
10.1037/H0059423
The perception of spatial relations by the rat: A type of response not easily explained by conditioning.
C. H. Honzik (1936)
10.2466/pms.1956.6.3.285
Some Variables Affecting Size Judgments
R. Gardner (1956)
10.1037/H0056877
The effects of a preextinction procedure on the extinction of place and response performance in a T maze.
D. P. Scharlock (1954)
10.2307/1422428
Theories of Learning
Gordon H. Bower (1948)
10.1037/H0061827
Effort and resistance to extinction of the bar-pressing response.
J. Maatsch (1954)
10.1037/H0046474
A comparison of two types of warning stimulus in an avoidance situation.
M. Sidman (1957)
10.1097/00005053-195909000-00002
Changing conceptions of the unconscious.
M. Oh (1959)
10.1080/00223980.1953.9712875
Theory and Treatment of Stuttering as an Approach-Avoidance Conflict
J. Sheehan (1953)
10.1063/1.3066466
Human Knowledge: Its Scope and Limits
B. Russell (1949)
10.1080/00221309.1958.9920394
The concept of motivation.
M. Bunch (1958)
10.1037/H0047553
Perception as substitute trial and error.
D. Campbell (1956)
10.2307/2179219
General introduction to psychology
D. T. Howard (1923)
10.1037/H0042277
Verbal mediation and concept formation in retarded and normal subjects.
B. Griffith (1959)
10.1111/j.1749-6632.1953.tb30221.x
NEUROSES IN MONKEYS: A PRELIMINARY REPORT OF EXPERIMENTAL OBSERVATIONS
J. Masserman (1953)
Delayed reaction in rats
C. H. Honzik (1931)
10.1037/H0056717
Studies in spatial learning; two paths to the same location and two paths to two different locations.
B. Ritchie (1947)
10.1038/scientificamerican0654-54
The Electrical Activity of the Brain
W. Walter (1954)
10.1037/H0042534
Relationships between shame and guilt in the socializing process.
D. P. Ausubel (1955)
10.1037/H0053609
Imitation in a home-raised chimpanzee.
K. J. Hayes (1952)
10.4324/9781315010847-17
The Meaning of Meaning
C. K. Ogden (1923)
10.1080/00221309.1957.9920348
Reasoning as an associative process. III. The role of verbal responses in problem solving.
C. Cofer (1957)
10.1037/H0043291
The manipulation of dominance in monkeys with conditioned fear.
M. Re (1956)
10.1037/H0059317
Studies in spatial learning; place and response learning under different degrees of motivation.
E. C. Tolman (1949)
10.1163/156853951X00179
The behaviour of worker honeybees at the hive entrance.
C. Butler (1951)
10.1037/H0072254
A behaviorist's definition of consciousness.
E. C. Tolman (1927)
10.1037/H0056266
A quantitative comparison of the discriminative and reinforcing functions of a stimulus.
J. Dinsmoor (1950)
10.1111/j.1749-6632.1956.tb46040.x
THE EVALUATION OF AUTONOMIC RESPONSES: TOWARD A GENERAL SOLUTION
J. I. Lacey (1956)
10.1037/H0093469
Preparatory set (expectancy) - some methods of measurement.
O. H. Mowrer (1940)
10.1037/H0061783
Latency of response in a choice discrimination
H. Schlosberg (1943)
10.1080/03637755409375119
Tension patterns during stuttering in relation to conflict, anxiety‐binding, and reinforcement
J. Sheehan (1954)
10.1016/0003-3472(58)90049-6
Rank order in caged rats
E. C. Grant (1958)
10.1037/H0058138
The effect of random alternation of reinforcement on the acquisition and extinction of conditioned eyelid reactions.
L. Humphreys (1939)
10.1086/458927
A New Clue to Transfer of Training
G. Hendrix (1947)
Learning to perceive as we wish to perceive.
G. Murphy (1957)
The effect of familiarity on maze performance of albino rats
G. Haney (1931)
10.1037/H0061626
Cognitive maps in rats and men.
E. C. Tolman (1948)
10.1037/11342-003
Part Three: The Effect of Success and Failure upon the Level of Aspiration and Behavior in Manic-Depressive Psychoses.
S. Escalona (1940)
10.1037/H0054961
A reply to 'Sign-Gestalt or Conditioned Reflex?'
N. Miller (1935)
10.2307/410895
Untersuchungen zur Onomatopoiie: 1 Teil, Die sprachpsychologischen Versuche
R. Brown (1955)
10.2307/2841467
The expression of emotions in man and animals
C. Darwin (1873)
The problem of serial order in behavior
K. Lashley (1951)
10.2307/1419407
The Effect of Shift of Sensory Modality on Serial Reaction-Time: A Comparison of Schizophrenics and Normals
S. Sutton (1961)
10.1037/H0048968
Latent extinction and the fractional anticipatory response mechanism.
H. Moltz (1957)
10.1037/H0058862
Factors determining conflict reactions in difficult discriminations.
J. S. Brown (1942)
10.1037/H0048506
Effects of experience on perception of causality.
H. Gruber (1957)
10.2307/2961231
A History of Experimental Psychology.
Edwin G. Boring (1930)
10.1037/H0048826
Perceptual learning; differentiation or enrichment?
J. Gibson (1955)
10.1146/ANNUREV.PS.01.020150.001501
Problem solving and symbolic processes.
D. M. Johnson (1950)
10.1080/17470215508416666
Response Elimination without Performance
H. M. Hurwitz (1955)
10.1037/H0058097
Acquired distinctiveness of cues; transfer between discrimination on the basis of familiarity with the stimulus.
D. Lawrence (1949)
10.4324/9780203166086
Man Meets Dog
K. Lorenz (1950)
10.2307/2104297
A study of thinking
J. Bruner (1956)
10.1037/H0063655
Psycholinguistics: a survey of theory and research problems.
C. Osgood (1954)
No and Yes
M. Eddy (1916)
10.1037/H0062557
The functioning of knowledge of results in Thorndike's line-drawing experiment.
H. Seashore (1941)
10.2307/4341833
Semantics. The Nature of Words and Their Meanings
Hugh R. Walpole (1943)
10.1037/H0073804
Concerning memory in the chimpanzee.
R. Yerkes (1928)
10.1017/CBO9780511693090
An Investigation of the Laws of Thought
George Boole (1854)
10.1037/H0056721
Adaptation-level as a basis for a quantitative theory of frames of reference.
H. Helson (1948)
10.1037/H0040099
Partial reinforcement and non response acquisition.
D. Lewis (1958)
10.1037/H0057631
Images as conditioned sensations.
C. Leuba (1940)
10.2307/1418983
The ape in our house
Cathy. Hayes (1951)
10.1146/ANNUREV.PS.06.020155.002323
Problem solving and thinking.
D. W. Taylor (1955)
10.1037/H0043965
Factor analysis of meaning.
C. Osgood (1955)
10.1037/H0043125
The role of frustrative nonreward in noncontinuous reward situations.
A. Amsel (1958)
10.1037/H0059911
The brain analogy: a discussion.
Coburn He (1952)
10.1097/00006324-197308000-00018
Textbook of psychology
D. Hebb (1958)
10.1037/H0069991
Reasoning and learning.
N. Maier (1931)
10.2307/1415297
The fundamentals of human motivation
L. T. Troland (1928)
10.1037/H0062725
Punishment. I. The avoidance hypothesis.
J. Dinsmoor (1954)
10.2307/3708617
Learning Theory and Behavior
Jack H. Curtis (1960)
10.1037/H0046379
Pre-extinction in sensory perconditioning.
Coppock Wj (1958)
10.1037/H0056850
The effects of a differential rate of reinforcement of responses to two levers.
W. Heron (1942)
10.1037/H0071472
Sign-Gestalt or conditioned reflex.
E. C. Tolman (1933)
10.1037/10019-000
Principles of topological psychology
K. Lewin (1936)
10.2307/2102742
Language and Reality: The Philosophy of Language and the Principles of Symbolism.
W. C. Swabey (1940)
The relative effectiveness of certain incentives in animal learning
R. Simmons (1923)
10.2307/1933134
Social relations of the domestic guinea pig living under semi-natural conditions.
J. A. King (1956)
10.1037/H0045498
Toward a general theory for the behavioral sciences.
J. Miller (1955)
10.2307/411065
Plans and the Structure of Behavior
R. Brown (1960)
10.2307/1419443
The effect on visual perception of stimulating the brain with polarizing currents.
G. Thomas (1957)
10.2307/2180626
The nature of thought
B. Blanshard (1939)
10.1037/11305-000
Understanding human motivation.
C. L. Stacey (1958)
10.1037/H0060402
Determinants of the perceived vertical and horizontal.
J. Gibson (1938)
10.1037/H0041903
Imprinting: the interaction of learned and innate behavior. III. Practice effects on performance, retention, and fear.
J. Jaynes (1958)
10.1037/H0046888
Statistical theory of distributional phenomena in learning.
W. K. Estes (1955)
10.1080/00223980.1937.9917519
A Method for the Study of Concept Formation
E. Hanfmann (1937)
10.1037/H0055482
Vicarious trial and error.
J. G. Taylor (1951)
10.1037/H0044188
Semantic generalization with experimentally induced associations.
W. Jeffrey (1957)
10.1037/H0045692
Subjective probability and decision under uncertainty.
N. Feather (1959)
10.1037/H0040134
Accuracy of brightness discrimination as measured by concurrent verbal responses and GSRs.
Dulaney De (1959)
10.1037/H0049079
Principles of performance.
E. C. Tolman (1955)
10.2307/1418946
Purposive behavior in animals and men
E. C. Tolman (1932)
10.1037/H0046740
The acquisition of observing responses in the absence of differential external reinforcement.
W. F. Prokasy (1956)
10.1037/H0057903
Drive conditioning as a factor in latent learning.
P. Meehl (1953)
10.1037/H0063217
Acquired distinctiveness of cues: selective association in a constant stimulus situation.
D. Lawrence (1950)
10.1037/H0046155
Place learning without prior performance.
H. Gleitman (1955)
10.1037/H0045448
Symmetric uncertainty analysis and its implications for psychology.
Garner Wr (1958)
10.1037/H0056574
The effect of reward on adult imitative behavior.
E. Schein (1954)
10.2307/1413941
General Psychology In Terms Of Behavior
S. Smith (1921)
10.1037/H0058100
Force of responding during extinction as a function of force requirement during conditioning.
W. C. Stanley (1954)
10.1037/H0046758
The facilitation of problem solving by prior exposure to uncommon responses.
I. Maltzman (1958)
10.1037/H0062158
Sustained behavior under delayed reinforcement.
C. B. Ferster (1953)
10.1093/JNCI/15.3.739
The effects of selection and domestication upon the behavior of the dog.
J. Scott (1954)
10.2307/2550060
An introduction to the theory of statistics
G. U. Yule (1911)
10.1037/H0045553
A test for specific and general behavioral effects of infantile stimulation with shock in the mouse.
W. C. Stanley (1956)
10.5694/j.1326-5377.1961.tb82349.x
Progress in Psychotherapy
F. Fromm-Reichmann (1956)
10.1037/H0058484
Value and need as organizing factors in perception.
J. Bruner (1947)
10.1111/J.1467-8624.1954.TB04738.X
A critique of studies of infant isolation.
L. Stone (1954)
10.1080/00224545.1941.9714077
The Cooperative Solving by Chimpanzees of Problems Requiring Serial Responses to Color Cues
M. P. Crawford (1941)
10.1111/J.1467-8624.1959.TB04924.X
The effect of verbalization in children's learning as a function of chronological age.
M. W. Weir (1959)
10.1037/H0058844
Nonadaptive behavior resulting from a series of defeats in fighting mice.
J. Scott (1953)
Social behavior, organization and leadership in a small flock of domestic sheep
J. Scott (1945)
An experiment in inclusive psychotherapy.
H. Syz (1955)
10.4159/harvard.9780674423305.c41
Teaching machines.
B. F. Skinner (1961)
10.1044/JSHD.1902.133
Systematic research in experimental phonetics. I. A theory of the speech mechanism as a servosystem.
G. Fairbanks (1954)
10.1037/h0044902
Probability learning in children.
H. Stevenson (1958)
10.1037/H0042789
The interaction of several variables in latent learning.
O. Desiderato (1956)
10.1192/BJP.104.437.1100
Trends in the development of physiology of the brain.
J. Konorski (1958)
10.2307/2084745
The Exploration Of The Inner World
H. Dunham (1962)
10.1080/00221309.1936.9713145
Flexibility of Established Habit
Sol Evans (1936)
10.1037/H0047279
Infantile experience and consummatory behavior in adulthood.
S. Levine (1957)
10.1037/H0045457
Secondary drive as a neutralizer of time in integrative problem solving.
V. E. Bixenstine (1956)
10.1037/H0062156
The organism and the causal texture of the environment.
E. C. Tolman (1935)
10.1037/H0062845
Studies in learning and motivation; equal reinforcements in both end-boxes; followed by shock in one end-box.
E. C. Tolman (1949)
10.2307/2019230
Signs, Language, and Beahavior
V. Aldrich (1947)
10.2307/401800
Three keys to language
H. Kratz (1952)
10.2307/1418660
Design for a Brain
W. Ashby (1952)
10.1037/H0049343
Weakening of conditioned bar-pressing by prior extinction of its subsequent discriminated operant.
Coate Wb (1956)
10.1037/H0042452
Central stimulation and other new approaches to motivation and reward.
N. Miller (1958)
10.1037/H0072640
The goal-gradient hypothesis and maze learning.
C. Hull (1932)
10.1007/BF00492017
Speech, its function and development
G. D. Laguna (1927)
10.1016/S0950-5601(54)80075-X
Instinct: With original observations on young animals
Douglas A. Spalding (1954)
10.1037/H0059983
Discrimination vs. learning and the schematic sowbug.
E. C. Tolman (1941)
10.2307/3707860
Science and human behavior
B. Skinner (1953)
10.2307/2089119
The Sane Society
E. Fromm (1955)
10.1080/00031305.1958.10482568
The Statistical Method and the Philosophy of Science
H. Hotelling (1958)
10.1037/H0063630
The inheritance of maze learning ability in rats.
W. Heron (1935)
10.1037/H0041002
Parameters relevant to determining the effect of early experience upon the adult behavior of animals.
J. A. King (1958)
10.1037/H0071442
Goal attraction and directing ideas conceived as habit phenomena.
C. Hull (1931)
10.2307/3612610
The Computer and the Brain
J. Neumann (1958)
10.2307/1412849
The development of certain instincts and habits in chicks
J. S. V. Teslaar (1911)
10.1016/0001-6918(53)90015-8
The origin of language
Prof.R.J. Pumphrey (1953)
10.1037/H0055212
The delayed reaction and memory in rats. I. Length of delay.
F. McCord (1939)
10.1037/H0060730
Two temporal parameters of the maintenance of avoidance behavior by the white rat.
M. Sidman (1953)
10.1037/H0048585
Probabilistic discrimination learning.
W. K. Estes (1957)
10.1093/ptj/24.1.44a
Behavior and neurosis
J. Masserman (1943)
10.1037/H0045793
Feedback theory and the reflex arc concept.
C. W. Slack (1955)
10.2307/2103585
Emotions and reason
V. J. Mcgill (1954)
Sustained Performance Based on Secondary Reinforcement: An Improved Method With Added Controls
D. W. Zimmerman (1958)
Language in society : the linguistic revolution and social change
M. Lewis (1948)
10.1037/H0047453
Mediated verbal similarity as a determinant of the generalization of a conditioned GSR.
L. Phillips (1958)
10.1037/H0075368
A functional interpretation of the conditioned reflex.
C. Hull (1929)
10.1037/H0072127
The factors determining the difficulty of blind alleys in maze learning by the white rat.
K. Spence (1934)
10.1177/0284185173014s33410
Statistical Methods
F. C. Mills (1955)
10.1037/H0045737
The influence of reinforcement and punishment in a minimal social situation.
J. Sidowski (1956)
10.2307/2084054
Probability, Statistics and Truth.
S. S. Wilks (1940)
10.1037/H0056182
Extinction and behavior variability as functions of effortfulness of task
O. H. Mowrer (1943)
10.1037/H0057561
The law of effect: Part V.
J. F. Dashiell (1938)
10.2307/2343133
The Foundations of Statistics.
I. Good (1954)
10.2307/1416345
A Device for Studying Eye-Hand Coordination without Visual Guidance
O. H. Mowrer (1935)
10.2307/2179726
Philosophie der symbolischen Formen
E. Cassirer (1935)
10.2307/427611
Philosophy in a New Key
D. H. Parker (1941)
10.2307/1418857
Bees: their vision, chemical senses, and language
K. V. Frisch (1950)
10.1037/H0047119
Reward and punishment in a minimal social situation.
J. Sidowski (1957)
10.1037/H0061176
Effects of early experience upon the behavior of animals.
F. A. Beach (1954)
10.1037/H0054758
Experiments on motor conflict. I. Types of conflict and their modes of resolution
C. Hovland (1938)
10.1037/H0063671
A theoretical framework for personality and social behavior.
R. Sears (1951)
10.1080/00221325.1955.10532901
Elicitation and inhibition of competitive fighting in food deprived mice.
E. Fredericson (1955)
10.1037/H0073614
Simple trial and error learning: A study in psychological theory.
C. Hull (1930)
10.1037/H0045807
Sustained performance in rats based on secondary reinforcement.
D. W. Zimmerman (1959)
10.1097/00006842-195801000-00005
Critical Periods in the Development of Social Behavior in Puppies
J. Scott (1958)
10.1037/H0046246
Probability discrimination in a motor task.
L. Wyckoff (1955)
10.1037/H0057898
A criticism of pre-acquisition and pre-extinction of expectancies.
B. R. Bugelski (1952)
10.1037/H0061535
The effects of experimental variations on problem solving in the rat.
B. Hymovitch (1952)
10.1037/H0062419
An experimental test of the sign-gestalt theory of trial and error learning.
K. Spence (1946)
10.1037/H0045230
Affective processes in perception.
N. Jenkin (1957)
10.1037/H0060989
Analysis of a verbal conditioning situation in terms of statistical learning theory
W. Estes (1954)
10.2307/1418240
Secondary reinforcement and the discrimination hypothesis.
Bitterman Me (1953)
10.1037/H0054129
Resistance to extinction of a running response following partial reinforcement under widely spaced trials.
S. Weinstock (1954)
10.1037/H0042705
Imprinting: the interaction of learned and innate behavior. I. Development and generalization.
J. Jaynes (1956)
10.2307/2089368
Theories of Perception and the Concept of Structure: A Review and Critical Analysis with an Introduction to a Dynamic-Structural Theory of Behavior.
R. Faris (1955)
10.2307/2644
Learning and instinct in animals
W. H. Thorpe (1956)
10.1037/H0058944
Sensory pre-conditioning.
W. J. Brogden (1939)
10.1037/H0049061
Goal-box cues and pattern of reinforcement.
D. Freides (1957)
10.2307/1418355
The interaction of need, set, and stimulus-structure in a cognitive task.
L. Postman (1952)
10.1037/H0058414
Studies in spatial learning. IX. A dispositional analysis of response-performance.
B. Ritchie (1951)
10.1037/H0039949
A stimulus-response analysis of the interaction of cue-producing and instrumental responses.
A. E. Goss (1955)
10.1037/11505-004
The role of learning in perception.
E. R. Hilgard (1951)
10.1037/H0060672
The extinction of a discrimination without performance of the choice response.
J. Deese (1951)
10.2307/1420332
Generalization among meaningful relations in problem-solving.
W. Ray (1958)
10.1037/H0041885
Durable secondary reinforcement: method and theory.
D. W. Zimmerman (1957)
10.1037/10869-000
Manual of mental and physical tests in two parts, Part II: Complex Processes, A book of directions compiled with special reference to the experimental study of school children in the laboratory or classroom (2nd ed., rev. and enl.).
G. M. Whipple (1915)
Analysis terminable and interminable.
S. Freud (1937)
10.1086/281223
Responses of Captive Alligators to Auditory Stimulation
F. A. Beach (1944)
10.1080/01621459.1936.10503306
The Meaning of Probability
E. Nagel (1936)
10.2307/1375039
The wolves of Mount McKinley
W. Davis (1944)
10.1126/SCIENCE.124.3222.582
Subjective Evaluation and Reinforcing Effect of a Verbal Stimulus.
G. Mandler (1956)
10.1037/H0041941
Two tests of the Sheffield hypothesis concerning resistance to extinction, partial reinforcement, and distribution of practice.
W. Wilson (1955)
10.2307/1374520
A Field Study of the Behavior and Social Relations of the Howling Monkeys
R. Enders (1934)
10.1037/H0072238
Tone discrimination in white rats.
K. F. Muenzinger (1931)
10.1037/H0092987
Animal intelligence: An experimental study of the associative processes in animals.
E. Thorndike (1898)
10.1152/AJPLEGACY.1917.43.2.169
THE ACCURACY OF MOVEMENT IN THE ABSENCE OF EXCITATION FROM THE MOVING ORGAN
Karrie Lashley (1917)
10.1126/SCIENCE.90.2326.89-A
A QUANTITATIVE STUDY OF MEANING BY A CONDITIONED SALIVARY TECHNIQUE (SEMANTIC CONDITIONING).
G. H. Razran (1939)
Decision-Making : an annotated bibliography
P. Wasserman (1958)
10.2307/1419205
Mediated equivalence of stimuli and retroactive inhibition.
L. Postman (1958)
10.1037/H0057071
Time as a determinant in integrative learning.
O. H. Mowrer (1945)
10.1037/10877-000
Scientific Books: Lectures on the Experimental Psychology of the Thought-Processes
E. B. Titchener (1910)
10.2307/409996
Language and Communication
G. A. Miller (1951)
10.1037/H0054118
Some contributions of an experimental analysis of behavior to psychology as a whole.
B. Skinner (1953)
10.1037/H0056678
Habit strength as a function of the pattern of reinforcement
O. H. Mowrer (1945)
10.2307/1419202
Situational cues distinguishing anger, fear, and sorrow.
J. M. Hunt (1958)
10.1037/H0060914
Sign learning as a factor in extinction.
J. P. Seward (1949)
Man : an autobiography
G. R. Stewart (1946)
10.2307/1418975
The psychology of human learning
J. A. McGeoch (1942)
10.1044/JSHD.1702.139
An experimental approach to expectancy and anxiety in stuttering behavior.
G. Wischner (1952)
10.1145/1455567.1455605
Empirical explorations of the logic theory machine: a case study in heuristic
A. Newell (1957)
10.1111/J.1939-0025.1952.TB03943.X
The biology of purpose.
E. W. Sinnott (1952)
10.1037/H0055309
The delayed reaction and memory in rats. II. An analysis of the behavioral dimension.
F. McCord (1939)
10.1080/00437956.1958.11659675
Travels through semantic space
Uriel Weinreich (1958)
10.2307/335700
Language, Thought, and Reality
Richard Beym (1957)
10.1037/H0062474
The formation of learning sets.
H. Harlow (1949)
10.1037/H0054388
A Mathematical Model for Simple Learning
R. R. Bush (1951)
10.1037/H0063633
The effects of psychotherapy: an evaluation.
H. Eysenck (1952)
10.1037/H0045510
Anticipation of reward as a function of partial reinforcement.
H. Brand (1956)
10.1037/H0067884
Discussion: Suggestion For a Theory of Learning.
L. K. Frank (1923)
10.1037/H0045785
A functional analysis of authority.
J. Stacy Adams (1959)
10.1163/156853951X00269
On the Parallel Between Learning and Evolution
J. Pringle (1951)
One-trial learning in the domestic rat.
Hudson Bb (1950)
10.1037/H0057412
Drive specificity and learning.
E. Walker (1948)
10.1037/H0072264
Implications of the flight of colors
H. Barry (1934)
10.2307/411335
The Measurement of Meaning
C. Osgood (1957)
Experimental studies of adaptive behavior in cats
D. K. Adams (1929)
10.1037/H0042562
Brain waves and problems of psychology.
R. Ellingson (1956)
10.1037/H0062733
The determiners of behavior at a choice point.
E. C. Tolman (1938)
The Behavior of Organisms
B. Skinner (1938)
10.2307/1416644
The significance of behavior accompanying conditioned salivary secretion for theories of the conditioned response.
Karl Zener (1937)
10.1037/H0054288
A stimulus-response analysis of anxiety and its role as a reinforcing agent.
O. H. Mowrer (1939)
10.1097/00005053-195310000-00010
LEARNING THEORY AND PERSONALITY DYNAMICS
O. H. Mowrer (1953)
10.1111/J.1939-0025.1948.TB05122.X
Learning theory and the neurotic paradox.
O. H. Mowrer (1948)
10.2307/1415920
Mind, Self, and Society
T. Abel (1934)
10.1037/H0059250
Mediated generalization and the interpretation of verbal behavior: II. Experimental study of certain homophone and synonym gradients
J. Foley (1943)
10.1080/08856559.1938.10533799
Vicarious Trial and Error at a Point of Choice: I. A General Survey of its Relation to Learning Efficiency
K. F. Muenzinger (1938)
10.1111/j.1749-6632.1953.tb30214.x
A COMPARATIVE APPROACH TO THE DYNAMICS OF EXPERIMENTAL NEUROSES
H. Liddell (1953)
10.2307/2017943
Theory of probability
H. Jeffreys (1939)
10.1037/H0056024
An investigation of latent learning in a T-maze.
H. Kendler (1947)
10.1037/H0062737
The psychologist looks at language
O. H. Mowrer (1954)
10.1037/H0042953
Subliminal stimulation: An overview.
J. V. McConnell (1958)
10.1037/H0063614
The ability of rats to learn the location of food when motivated by thirst, an experimental reply to Leeper.
H. Kendler (1948)
10.1007/BF02478291
How we know universals; the perception of auditory and visual forms.
W. Pitts (1947)
10.1037/H0054352
Irrelevant rewards in animal learning.
I. Lorge (1936)
10.2307/1415700
Conditioning and Problem-Solving Behavior
E. Girden (1938)
10.1037/H0054167
Hallucinations produced by sensory conditioning.
D. G. Ellson (1941)
10.1037/H0062885
The differential response in animals to stimuli varying within a single dimension.
K. Spence (1937)
10.1037/H0042212
The relation of secondary reinforcement to partial reinforcement.
D. J. Mason (1957)
10.1037/H0040520
The stimulus conditions which follow learned responses.
C. Perkins (1955)
The effect of the introduction of reward upon the maze performance of rats
H. Blodgett (1929)
10.1037/H0040058
Differences between strains of rats in avoidance conditioning without an explicit warning stimulus.
V. Schaefer (1959)
10.1037/H0061340
Satiation of hunger from food injected directly into the stomach versus food ingested by mouth.
M. Kohn (1951)
10.1037/H0042316
Consciousness, behavior, and personality.
J. Nuttin (1955)
10.1037/H0046607
The semantic differential and mediated generalization as measures of meaning.
L. Lipton (1957)
10.1007/BF02289132
The relation between information and variance analyses
W. R. Garner (1956)
10.2307/4078077
The Companion in the Bird's World
K. Lorenz (1937)
10.4324/9781315624860
The social insects : their origin and evolution
W. Wheeler (1928)
10.5694/j.1326-5377.1958.tb86086.x
The Stress of Life
H. Selye (1956)
10.1037/H0073950
The two-story duplicate maze: Tracing the stylus maze with a maximum of indirect visual guidance.
W. R. Miles (1927)
10.1037/H0061676
Knowledge in modern psychology.
W. K. Pillsbury (1950)
10.1037/H0042274
Language conditioning of meaning to meaning using a semantic generalization paradigm.
A. Staats (1959)
10.1086/456890
The Fundamentals of Learning. Edward L. Thorndike , The Staff of the Division of Psychology of the Institute of Educational Research of Teachers College, Columbia UniversityHuman Learning. Edward L. Thorndike
C. H. Judd (1933)
10.1037/H0041350
A microgenetic approach to perception and thought.
J. Flavell (1957)
10.1037/H0053932
The role of observing responses in discrimination learning. Part I.
Wyckoff Lb (1952)
10.1037/e516182009-001
LANGUAGE CONDITIONING OF DENOTATIVE MEANING
A. Staats (1960)
10.1037/H0070532
A behavioristic theory of ideas.
E. C. Tolman (1926)
10.1037/H0048495
Elements of a theory of human problem solving.
A. Newell (1958)
10.1037/H0046073
Secondary extinction of lever-pressing behavior in the albino rat.
W. W. Rozeboom (1957)
10.1037/H0040067
Social conditioning of vocalizations in the infant.
H. L. Rheingold (1959)
10.1080/08856559.1933.10534228
Form Discrimination in Chimpanzees and Two-Year-Old Children: II. Form Versus Background
Louis W. Gellermann (1933)
10.1080/08856559.1946.10533358
The development of the sense of time in the young child.
L. B. Ames (1946)
10.1037/H0045627
The transfer value of given and individually derived principles.
G. M. Haslerud (1958)
10.1037/H0057242
Extinction as a function of partial reinforcement and distribution of practice.
V. F. Sheffield (1949)
10.1037/H0055434
A theoretical interpretation of shifts in level of aspiration.
L. Festinger (1942)
10.1037/H0046411
Socially facilitated reduction of a fear response in rats.
J. Davitz (1955)
10.2307/1414333
The Intelligence Factor in the Solution of Space Problems with the Two Story Maze
C. Cox (1928)
10.1037/H0059429
The strength of sensory preconditioning.
M. Bitterman (1953)
10.1037/H0045254
Mediated stimulus equivalence and distinctiveness in human conditioning.
G. Grice (1958)
10.1037/H0061204
Probability as a determiner of rat behavior.
E. Brunswik (1939)
10.1037/H0039258
Variables affecting children's performance in a probability learning task.
H. Stevenson (1959)
10.1037/H0046068
Observational learning in the rhesus monkey.
Darby Cl (1959)
10.1037/H0058466
The behavior mechanisms concerned with problem solving.
N. Maier (1940)
10.1037/H0072172
Conditioning as a principle of learning.
E. Guthrie (1930)
10.2307/2096177
Words and Things.
C. F. Hockett (1957)
10.2307/2985513
Statistics, a new approach
W. A. Wallis (1956)
10.1097/00005053-193610000-00051
The psychology of wants, interests, and attitudes
E. Thorndike (1936)
10.2307/2980958
Lectures and conferences on mathematical statistics and probability
P. Whittle (1952)
10.1037/H0062742
Latent learning observed through negative transfer.
K. F. Muenzinger (1953)
Degrees of hunger, reward and non-reward, and maze learning in rats, and Introduction and removal of reward, and maze performance in rats
E. C. Tolman (1930)
10.1093/BRAIN/79.4.655
Habituation of the arousal reaction.
H. Jasper (1956)
10.1037/H0057241
Anxiety-reduction as reinforcement in maladaptive behavior: evidence in stutterers' representations of the moment of difficulty.
G. Wischner (1952)
10.2307/2342557
Statistical Methods and Scientific Inference
M. Bartlett (1957)
10.2307/1413350
An Experimental study of imagination.
Cheves West Perky (1910)
10.1037/H0045260
Learning factors in social facilitation and social inhibition in rats.
E. E. Holder (1958)
Close social groups among domestic dogs.
J. A. King (1954)
10.1037/H0047884
The Nature of Love
H. Harlow (1958)
10.1037/H0053555
Acquisition and extinction of verbal expectations in a situation analogous to conditioning.
L. Humphreys (1939)
10.1037/H0060772
Partial reinforcement: a review and critique.
W. O. Jenkins (1950)
10.1037/11454-011
Theoretical interpretations of learning.
K. Spence (1942)
10.2307/411334
Review of B.F. Skinner, Verbal Behavior
Noam Chomsky (1959)
10.1037/H0043217
Latent extinction and the reduction of secondary reward value.
H. Moltz (1955)
10.2307/2013494
Behavior - An Introduction to Comparative Psychology
J. Watson (1915)
10.1037/H0057191
Response potential as a function of effort.
M. H. Applezweig (1951)
10.1037/H0054828
A theoretical derivation of latent learning.
J. P. Seward (1947)
10.1037/H0043675
Imprinting: the interaction of learned and innate behavior. IV. Generalization and emergent discrimination.
J. Jaynes (1958)
10.1037/H0060829
Preparatory set (expectancy)—a determinant in motivation and learning.
O. H. Mowrer (1938)
10.2307/3707825
Client-Centered Therapy
J. Meany (1951)
10.1037/H0058455
Studies of fear as an acquirable drive fear as motivation and fear-reduction as reinforcement in the learning of new responses.
N. Miller (1948)
10.2307/3718911
The structure of English
C. Fries (1952)
10.1080/00221309.1932.9918465
An Experimental Study of Thorndike's Theory of Learning
M. H. Trowbridge (1932)
10.4324/9780203994276
The Undiscovered Self
C. Jung (1958)
10.1037/h0052803
Human behavior and the principle of least effort
G. K. Zipf (1949)
10.1037/H0050475
Man and his works
Webster Prentiss b. True (1944)
Dynamics of behavior
R. Woodworth (1958)
10.1037/H0061922
A motivational theory of emotion to replace emotion as disorganized response.
R. W. Leeper (1948)
10.1111/J.2164-0947.1940.TB00091.X
Animal Studies in the Genesis of Personality
O. H. Mowrer (1940)
10.1037/H0042263
The psychology of mental content reconsidered.
D. Mcclelland (1955)
10.1086/physzool.17.1.30151832
Aggressive Behavior among Vertebrate Animals
N. Collias (1944)
The mental development of the child
K. Bühler (1930)
10.5962/bhl.title.56153
Territory in bird life
H. E. Howard (1920)
10.1080/00221325.1957.10533014
Relationships between early social experience and adult aggressive behavior in inbred mice.
J. A. King (1957)
10.2307/1415413
The law of effect.
E. Thorndike (1927)
10.1037/H0054051
Acquisition and extinction of a verbal conditioned response with differing percentages of reinforcement.
D. Grant (1951)
10.2307/1419071
The psychology of thought and judgment
D. M. Johnson (1955)
10.2307/1418817
Thinking and speaking : a symposium
G. Révész (1955)
10.2307/3001453
The statistical organization of nervous activity.
W. McCulloch (1948)
10.1093/aibsbulletin/4.3.14-e
The historical roots of learning theory
H. B. English (1954)
10.1037/H0043276
Stimulus variables and subject variables: a caution.
G. Mandler (1959)
10.1037/H0058766
Stimuli preceding electric shock can acquire positive reinforcing properties.
H. Coppock (1954)
10.1037/H0047716
Meaning established by classical conditioning.
C. Staats (1957)
10.1037/H0053731
The nature of the effect of free-environmental experience in the rat.
D. G. Forgays (1952)
10.1037/H0075798
An experimental study of representative factors in monkeys.
O. L. Tinklepaugh (1928)
10.2307/1418099
The Psychology of Thinking.
W. E. Vinacke (1952)
10.1037/H0057664
Motivation in learning. VI. Escape from electric shock compared with hunger-food tension in the visual discrimination habit.
K. F. Muenzinger (1936)
10.1037/H0059963
Sensory integration and cognitive theory.
Birch Hg (1951)
10.1037/H0083595
The effects of restricting early experience on the problem-solving capacity of dogs.
W. R. Thompson (1954)
A comparative approach to the experimental analysis of emotional behavior.
Brady Jv (1955)
10.2307/2010953
Integrative Action of the Nervous System
C. S. Sherrington (1906)
10.1037/H0072212
Knowledge and purpose as habit mechanisms.
C. Hull (1930)
10.1037/H0049247
Level of aspiration and decision making.
S. Siegel (1957)
10.1037/H0060873
Perception of the statistical structure of a random series of binary symbols.
H. Hake (1953)
10.1111/J.1467-6494.1953.TB01792.X
Personality Functioning and Cognitive Psychology1
M. Scheerer (1953)
10.2307/1417992
Cerebral Mechanisms in Behavior
C. T. Morgan (1953)
10.1002/CNE.900530307
Efficacy of the rat's motor cortex in delayed alternation
R. B. Loucks (1931)
10.1037/H0045014
The nature of language deficit in aphasia.
H. Schuell (1959)
10.1037/H0045108
Vicarious trial and error and related behavior.
A. E. Goss (1956)
10.1037/H0041927
Imprinting and associative learning: the stability of the following response in Peking ducks (Anas platyrhynchus).
H. Moltz (1958)
10.2307/1414871
The first year of life
C. Buehler (1930)
Forced movement or insight
Z. Y. Kuo (1937)
10.1007/BF02713169
A theoretical orientation for instructional film research
C. Carpenter (1953)
10.1044/JSHD.2302.143
Hearing and speaking: an analysis of language learning.
O. H. Mowrer (1958)
10.1037/H0083574
On human thought.
D. Hebb (1953)
10.1037/H0040613
Two-factor learning theory reconsidered, with special reference to secondary reinforcement and the concept of habit.
O. H. Mowrer (1956)
10.1037/H0047727
Reward probability, amount, and information as determiners of sequential two-alternative decisions.
W. Edwards (1956)
10.1037/H0055171
A critical review of latent learning and related experiments.
D. Thistlethwaite (1951)
10.2466/pr0.1958.4.3.223
Statistical Utility in Experimental Inference
R. Bolles (1958)
10.1037/10976-000
The fundamentals of learning
E. Thorndike (1932)
10.1080/00223980.1959.9916329
The Behavioral World
H. Nash (1959)
Imagination and Thinking
Peter McKellar (1957)
10.1080/00224545.1946.9918869
Semantic factors in the measurement of personality integration.
H. Winthrop (1946)
10.2307/1415760
Behavior Mechanisms in Monkeys
C. P. Stone (1936)
10.1037/H0041322
Avoidance learning of perceptual defense and vigilance.
Dulany De (1957)
10.2307/4441859
The psychology of learning
J. Deese (1952)
10.1037/H0061175
Affective responses of an infant chimpanzee reared in isolation from its kind.
T. McCulloch (1939)
10.1037/H0045159
Interanimal conditioning in the monkey.
J. Murphy (1955)
10.1037/H0045893
Delayed alternation: evidence for symbolic processes in the rat.
L. Petrinovich (1957)
10.2307/1137480
Social Learning and Imitation
R. Gault (1941)
10.2466/pr0.1958.4.g.16
Emotionality (e) and Meaningfulness (m)
C. E. Noble (1958)
10.1037/H0045943
Signal vigilance level and conditioned avoidance acquisition in the goat.
B. Layman (1959)
存在的勇气 = The courage to be
P. Tillich (1952)
10.1037/H0040614
Social interactions of Rhesus monkeys. II. Effects of social interaction on the learning of discrimination tasks.
M. Re (1956)
10.1037/H0041472
The operant conditioning of human motor behavior.
W. S. Verplanck (1956)
10.1037/H0048562
Nonreinforcements versus reinforcements as variables in the partial reinforcement effect.
H. Kendler (1957)
10.2307/410809
An Oral Communication Model
G. Peterson (1955)
10.1037/H0062513
The effect of different environments during infancy on adult behavior in the rat.
W. E. Bingham (1952)
10.2307/1415188
Reasoning in White Rats
M. C. Barlow (1929)
10.1080/00223980.1937.9917499
Certain Determinants in the Conditioning of Anxiety Reactions
Kenneth Diven (1937)
10.1111/J.1467-8624.1961.TB04997.X
Developmental changes in the effects of reinforcement and nonreinforcement of a single response.
H. Stevenson (1961)
10.1097/00005053-192108000-00072
Psychology, from the standpoint of a behaviorist
J. B. Watson (1919)
10.2307/1417326
Adaptation-level as frame of reference for prediction of psychophysical data.
H. Helson (1947)
10.2307/1420234
A Theory of Cognitive Dissonance
L. Festinger (1957)
10.1038/116351a0
The Mentality of Apes.
W. Koehler (1925)
10.1037/H0057054
Prediction of vicarious trial and error by means of the schematic sowbug.
E. C. Tolman (1939)
Thinking: An Experimental and Social Study
F. S. Bartlett (1958)
10.1037/H0047928
Verbal mediating responses and concept formation.
A. E. Goss (1961)
10.1080/00224545.1957.9714281
A Variational Approach to Empathy
A. Luchins (1957)
10.1037/H0048509
Statistical theory of spontaneous recovery and regression.
W. K. Estes (1955)
10.2307/1418358
An experimental analysis of 'learning without aware ness'.
L. Postman (1952)
10.1037/H0041692
The prediction of decisions among bets.
W. Edwards (1955)
Fundamentals of general psychology, 3rd ed.
J. F. Dashiell (1949)
10.1080/00224545.1956.9921927
Social Interactions of Rhesus Monkeys: I. Food-Getting Dominance as a Dependent Variable
R. Miller (1956)
10.1037/H0056854
Experiments on motor conflict. II. Determination of mode of resolution by comparative strengths of conflicting responses
R. Sears (1941)
10.1044/JSHD.1703.263
Speech Development In The Young Child: 1. The Autism Theory Of Speech Development And Some Clinical Applications
O. H. Mowrer (1952)



This paper is referenced by
10.2354/PSJ.7.12
Lever pressing of two chimpanzees in a competitive/cooperative situation
Koji Hikami (1991)
10.5093/IN2011V20N2A2
Efectos de la Exposición de los Adolescentes a la Violencia en la Comunidad: El Proyecto MORE
Michele Cooley-Strickland (2011)
10.1017/S0140525X00014114
The defense motivation system: A theory of avoidance behavior
F. Masterson (1982)
10.1080/00207147308409303
Posthypnotic suggestion as higher-order conditioning: a methodological and experimental analysis.
A. A. Barrios (1973)
10.1111/J.1467-6494.1971.TB00052.X
Parental perception and perceived locus of control in psychopathology.
R. Palmer (1971)
10.1007/978-1-4613-1815-6_7
A Comparative-Developmental Approach to Understanding Imitation
R. Mitchell (1987)
10.1016/S0010-440X(65)80052-9
Experimental reward and punishment in neurosis.
R. Sloane (1965)
10.1037/H0034594
Student Imitation of a Teacher's Verbal Style as a Function of Natural Classroom Reinforcement.
P. Friedman (1973)
10.1901/JEAB.1974.22-311
Group behavior of rats under schedules of reinforcement.
R. Grott (1974)
10.1111/J.1467-8624.1971.TB03646.X
Effects of Contingent and Noncontingent Reinforcement Upon Generalized Imitation.
J. Masters (1971)
10.1016/B978-012524190-8/50006-1
Clark L. Hull's Behaviorism
M. Rashotte (1999)
10.1017/S0140525X00018148
Are the direct and indirect theories of perception incompatible
J. Norman (1983)
AUTHOR TITLE INSTITUTION
One Dupont (1974)
10.1016/j.beproc.2017.08.014
Effects of orientation and differential reinforcement on transitive stimulus control
Micah Amd (2017)
10.1007/978-1-4684-1071-6_12
Humanistic Psychology as a Protest Movement
D. Berlyne (1981)
10.1111/J.1467-8624.1970.TB01048.X
A reexamination of some assumptions about the language of the disadvantaged child.
S. H. Houston (1970)
10.1017/S0140525X00014229
Advances toward a biological theory of aversive learning: Flirtation or commitment?
D. Treit (1982)
10.1017/CBO9780511808098.034
Heuristics and Biases: Intuitive Politicians, Theologians, and Prosecutors: Exploring the Empirical Implications of Deviant Functionalist Metaphors
P. Tetlock (2002)
Incentivised experimental investigations of the affect heuristic
I. Bateman (2006)
10.1007/978-3-322-88715-3_1
Systhemtheoretische Beiträge zu einer Taxonomie intra- und intersystemischen Verhaltens in den internationalen Beziehungen
Peter Pawelka (1973)
10.1111/J.1467-8624.1963.TB05139.X
COGNITIVE STRUCTUIE, PUNISHMENT, AND NURTURANCE IN THE EXPERIMENTAL INDUCTION OF SELF-CRITICISM
J. Aronfreed (1963)
10.1016/j.chb.2019.106225
Group behavior in social media: Antecedents of initial trust formation
M. A. Shareef (2020)
10.2307/354758
The Critical Need in the Study of Language
J. Carroll (1962)
10.1002/9781118499825.CH5
Intra‐Oral Injection Phobia
M. Vika (2013)
10.1017/S0140525X00017969
Observing and conditioned reinforcement
J. Dinsmoor (1983)
10.3758/BF03199646
Cognition in the African Grey parrot: Preliminary evidence for auditory/vocal comprehension of the class concept
I. Pepperberg (1983)
10.1016/0022-0965(88)90066-5
Reinforcement control of observational learning in young children: A behavioral analysis of modeling
H. Deguchi (1988)
10.1007/978-1-4613-0893-5_22
Multivariate Approaches to Human Learning
B. Bolton (1988)
10.1016/S0022-5371(63)80032-8
An application of Mowrer's sentence conditioning paradigms in developing evaluative meaning
R. Schutz (1963)
10.1037/H0030150
Words and things and images.
B. R. Bugelski (1970)
10.1002/9780470719916.CH13
Expectancy and the pituitary-adrenal system.
S. Levine (1972)
10.1017/CBO9780511808098.013
Heuristics and Biases: Sympathetic Magical Thinking: The Contagion and Similarity “Heuristics”
P. Rozin (2002)
See more
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar