← Back to Search
Gender Composition Of Preadolescents' Friendship Groups Moderates Peer Socialization Of Body Change Behaviors.
D. Rancourt, C. Conway, W. Burk, M. Prinstein
Published 2013 · Psychology, Medicine
Download PDFAnalyze on Scholarcy
OBJECTIVE Peer socialization may be an important contributor to the rising prevalence of diet and muscle gain behaviors (i.e., body change behaviors) in adolescence. The present study longitudinally examined body change behaviors in preadolescents' friendship groups as predictors of preadolescents' own body change behaviors. It was predicted that peer socialization effects would vary according to the gender composition of preadolescents' friendship group. METHOD Participants (N = 648, 48.8% female) were in grades 6 through 8 at Time 1 and reported their dieting and muscle-gaining behavior at three time points approximately 1 year apart. Friendship groups were identified from preadolescents' friendship nominations. Body mass index and pubertal timing were included in analyses as control variables. A multiple group latent growth curve model was used to examine hypotheses. RESULTS Socialization of body change behaviors in preadolescent friendship groups was observed only under certain conditions. For members of all-male friendship groups, preadolescents' dieting trajectories were predicted from friends' average level of dieting. CONCLUSION Peer socialization effects are associated with trajectories of preadolescents' body change behaviors, particularly among all-male groups. Future research would benefit from incorporating the friendship group context into the study of health risk behaviors in preadolescents.
This paper references
Peer status and victimization as possible reinforcements of adolescent girls' and boys' weight-related behaviors and cognitions.
D. Rancourt (2010)
Developmental changes in gender
F. Poulin (2007)
Adolescent Friendship Networks: Continuity and Change Over the School Year.
Serdar M. Değirmencioğlu (1998)
Friends' dieting and disordered eating behaviors among adolescents five years later: findings from Project EAT.
Marla E Eisenberg (2010)
Child Nutrition, Child Health, and School Enrollment: A Longitudinal Analysis
H. Alderman (1997)
UCINET 6.145 for Windows [Software]. Natick, MA: Analytic Technologies
S P Borgatti (2002)
Youth risk behavior surveillance - United States, 2009.
D. Eaton (2010)
Handbook of adolescent psychology, 2nd ed.
R. Lerner (2004)
UCINET 6.145 for Windows [Software
S. P. Borgatti (2002)
Principles and Practice of Structural Equation Modeling
R. Kline (1998)
Modeling of eating pathology and social reinforcement of the thin-ideal predict onset of bulimic symptoms.
E. Stice (1998)
Age differences in resistance to peer influence.
L. Steinberg (2007)
Friendship group influences on body dissatisfaction and dieting among adolescent girls: a prospective study.
Lieke C S Woelders (2010)
Parent, peer, and media influences on body image and strategies to both increase and decrease body size among adolescent boys and girls.
M. McCabe (2001)
Validity of self-report screening for overweight and obesity. Evidence from the Canadian Community Health Survey.
F. Elgar (2008)
Age differences in resistance
L. Steinberg (2007)
Handbook of adolescent psychology
R. Lerner (2009)
Friendship clique and peer influences on body image concerns, dietary restraint, extreme weight-loss behaviors, and binge eating in adolescent girls.
S. Paxton (1999)
A self-report measure of pubertal status: Reliability, validity, and initial norms
A. C. Petersen (1988)
Social Networks Derived from Affiliations and Friendships, Multi-Informant and Self-Reports: Stability, Concordance, Placement of Aggressive and Unpopular Children, and Centrality.
P. Rodkin (2009)
Multiple regression: Testing and interpreting interactions
J. M. Sinacore (1993)
Pluralistic ignorance and alcohol
D. A. Prentice (1993)
Parental and Peer Influence on Adolescents
B. Biddle (1980)
Three to Four Year Prospective Evaluation of Personality and Behavioral Risk Factors for Later Disordered Eating in Adolescent Girls and Boys
G. Leon (1999)
Predicting body change strategies among adolescent boys
L. Ricciardelli (2002)
Muscle dysmorphia. An underrecognized form of body dysmorphic disorder.
H. Pope (1997)
Obesity, disordered eating, and eating disorders in a longitudinal study of adolescents: how do dieters fare 5 years later?
D. Neumark-Sztainer (2006)
Beyond Homophily: A Decade of Advances in Understanding Peer Influence Processes.
Whitney A. Brechwald (2011)
The peer appearance culture
D. C. Jones (2006)
Gender composition of friendship networks and age at first intercourse: a life-course data analysis
F. Billari (2004)
Social networks derived from affiliations
P. 130.2.179 Rodkin (2009)
Individual and familial influences on the onset of sexual intercourse among urban African American adolescents.
C. Mcbride (2003)
Pursuit of Muscularity in Adolescent Boys: Relations Among Biopsychosocial Variables and Clinical Outcomes
G. Cafri (2006)
Gender differences in friends' influences on adolescent drinking: a genetic epidemiological study.
D. Dick (2007)
Adolescents' Relationships with Peers
B. Brown (2013)
Developmental changes in gender composition of friendship networks in adolescent girls and boys.
F. Poulin (2007)
Appearance-related teasing, body dissatisfaction, and disordered eating: A meta-analysis.
J. Menzel (2010)
False Consensus and Adolescent Peer Contagion: Examining Discrepancies between Perceptions and Actual Reported Levels of Friends’ Deviant and Health Risk Behaviors
M. Prinstein (2005)
C. Toppelberg (1997)
The Peer Appearance Culture During Adolescence: Gender and Body Mass Variations
D. Jones (2006)
Overestimation and underestimation: adolescents' weight perception in comparison to BMI-based weight status and how it varies across socio-demographic factors.
E. Park (2011)
Informal Networks and Organizational Crises: An Experimental Simulation
D. Krackhardt (1988)
The company they keep: Friendship and their
Puberty: The interplay of biological and psychosocial processes in adolescence.
Sucheta D. Connolly (1996)
Mplus user's guide. Sixth edition Obesity, disordered eating, and eating disorders in a longitudinal study of adolescents: How dieters fare five years later
Muthén & Muthén Muthén & Muthén (1998)
Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance--United States, 1997. State and Local YRBSS Coordinators.
L. Kann (1998)
Validity of body mass index compared with other body-composition screening indexes for the assessment of body fatness in children and adolescents.
Z. Mei (2002)
Youth risk behavior surveillance--United States, 1997.
L. Kann (1998)
Pluralistic ignorance and alcohol use on campus: some consequences of misperceiving the social norm.
D. Prentice (1993)
The role of peers in the emergence of heterosexual romantic relationships in adolescence.
J. Connolly (2000)
Principles and practice of structural equation modeling , 2nd Edition
R B Kline (2005)
A biopsychosocial model of disordered eating and the pursuit of muscularity in adolescent boys.
L. Ricciardelli (2004)
Homophily, Selection, and Socialization in Adolescent Friendships
D. Kandel (1978)
Peer Clique Participation and Social Status in Preadolescence.
C. Bagwell (2000)
M. E. Eisenberg (2010)
The company they keep: friendships and their developmental significance.
W. Hartup (1996)
Peer status and victimization
D. Rancourt (2010)
Appearance-related teasing, body
T M. (2010)
This paper is referenced by
Peer Relationships and the Development of Psychopathology
Sophia Choukas-Bradley (2014)
Peer Relations and Developmental Psychopathology
M. Prinstein (2016)
Peer similarity and influence for weight-related outcomes in adolescence: a meta-analytic review.
Daryaneh Badaly (2013)
The Peer Context of Dieting: The Relationship between Young Adults’ Dieting Frequency and Their Friends’ Weight-Related Characteristics
Alexander Miething (2018)
Adolescents’ Body Image Trajectories: A Further Test of the Self-Equilibrium Hypothesis
A. Morin (2017)
Perception of norm clarity and punishment in affecting value-expressive behaviors
M. Liu (2019)
Interpersonal Theories of Developmental Psychopathology
Karen D Rudolph (2016)
Peer Processes and Child Psychopathology
Lcm Centifanti (2017)