Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.
Please confirm you are human
(Sign Up for free to never see this)
← Back to Search

C4 Photosynthesis In Plants From Cool Temperate Regions, With Particular Reference To Spartina Townsendii

S. Long, L. Incoll, H. Woolhouse
Published 1975 · Biology

Save to my Library
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
GREEN plants may be divided into two groups, C3 and C4 species, depending on whether the first product of photosynthetic CO2 fixation is phosphoglycerate (C3) or oxaloacetate (C4). In all species studied to date the C4 metabolism is associated with either ‘Kranz’ leaf anatomy, low CO2 compensation points or low 13C/12C ratios. Included in the C4 category are many of the highest yielding and rapidly growing crops, most of which are believed to have originated in tropical and subtropical regions. C4 species so far studied, which are mostly of tropical origin, attain their highest photosynthetic rates at leaf temperatures of about 30 °C and above1,2 so that selective advantages derived from photosynthetic rate will only be evident in tropical and subtropical regions1,2. A recent compilation of the reported rates of photosynthesis and productivity of C3 and C4 crops3 showed that differences in maximum annual dry matter yields could be explained by differences in lengths of growing season. It thus remains to be shown that there is a selective advantage which is a direct consequence of photosynthetic capacity of C4 species or that there is an inherent physiological barrier to the adaptation of C4 species to a similar range of latitudes to C3 species.
This paper references
A Comparison of Potential Photosynthesis, Productivity and Yield of Plant Species with Differing Photosynthetic Metabolism
R. Gifford (1974)
The C4 Syndrome: A Structural Analysis
W. M. Laetsch (1974)
Evolution in Spartina (Gramineae): I. The history and morphology of the genus in Britain
C. Marchant (1967)
World resources of Spartina townsendii (sensu lato) and economic use of Spartina marshland.
D. Ranwell (1967)
The Physiological Anatomy of Spartina Townsendii
G. K. Sutherland (1916)
A new method for calibrating infrared gas analysers
K. Legg (1971)
Photosynthesis of tropical pasture plants i. illuminance, carbon dioxide concentration, leaf temperature, and leaf-air vapour pressure difference
M. M. Ludlow (1971)
Ecological Implications of dividing Plants into Groups with Distinct Photosynthetic Production Capacities
C. Black (1971)
Early diagenesis of fatty acids and hydrocarbons in a salt marsh environment
R. W. Johnson (1973)
Biochemical basis for plant competition
C. Black (1969)
Carbon dioxide measurement: A continuous conductimetric method
J. E. Begg (1968)
Report of the Welsh Plant Breeding Station for 196 1
P. N. Drolsom (1963)
British Economic Grasses
E. J. Kraus (1934)
Photosynthesis Light Sensor and Meter
W. W. Biggs (1971)
Effect of Stomatal Differences Among Species on Leaf Photosynthesis 1
M. A. El-Sharkway (1964)
Grass leaf ultrastructural variations
Clement Johnson (1973)
Taxonomy and distribution of the genus Spartina
David G. Mobberley (1953)
Photosynthesis and Photorespiration.
K. Moore (1974)
The requirement for sodium as a micronutrient by species having the c(4) dicarboxylic photosynthetic pathway.
P. Brownell (1972)
The Effect of Sodium Chloride on the Balance between the C3‐ and C4‐Carbon Fixation Pathways
A. Shomer-Ilan (1973)
Variations in the 13C/12C ratios of plants in relation to the pathway of photosynthetic carbon dioxide fixation
M. M. Bender (1971)

This paper is referenced by
The response of Arundo donax L. (C3) and Panicum virgatum (C4) to different stresses
E. Sánchez (2016)
Nutrient and ecological histories in Barnegat Bay, New Jersey : final report
D. Velinsky (2011)
Diversity in leaf anatomy, and stomatal distribution and conductance, between salt marsh and freshwater species in the C(4) genus Spartina (Poaceae).
B. Maricle (2009)
The evolutionary ecology of C4 plants.
P. Christin (2014)
Ecotypic variations in phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase activity of the cordgrass Spartina densiflora throughout its latitudinal distribution range.
R. Álvarez (2010)
Separating the contribution of the upper and lower mesophyll to photosynthesis in Zea mays L. leaves
S. Long (2004)
The biology of an invasive plant : what makes Spartina anglica so successful?
J. D. Thompson (1991)
Pathway Photosynthesis at Low Temperature in Cold-tolerant Atriplex Species 1
M. Caldwell ()
Developmental change in CO 2 compensation concentrations in Spartina alterniflora results from sigmoidal photosynthetic CO 2 responses
M. Baerlocher (2003)
Chapter 19 C4 Species as Energy Crops
M. Jones (2010)
The evolutionary ecology of C-4 plants
P-A. Christin (2014)
Chapter 10 C4 Photosynthesis and Temperature
R. Sage (2010)
7 – Environmental Responses
S. P. Long (1999)
Effects of Spartina alterniflora salt marshes on organic carbon acquisition in intertidal zones of Jiangsu Province, China
J. Liu (2007)
Kinetic Properties of NADP + -Malic Enzyme in Two Populations of the C 4 Weed Species Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) Beauv. (Poaceae) from Sites of Contrasting Climates
M. Dubuc (1988)
A Comparative Study ofMiscanthus floridulus(Labill) Warb andM. transmorrisonensisHayata: Photosynthetic Gas Exchange, Leaf Characteristics and Growth in Controlled Environments
W. Kao (1998)
Leaf photosynthesis in the C4-grass Miscanthus x giganteus, growing in the cool temperate climate of southern England
C. V. Beale (1996)
C 4 bioenergy crops for cool climates , with special emphasis on perennial C 4 grasses
de Melo Peixoto (2015)
Photosynthesis. Biochemical and Physiological Aspects of Carbon Metabolism
Erwin Latzko (1976)
High hopes for C4 plants
P. Moore (1994)
C4 photosynthesis in Spartina townsendii at low and high temperatures
S. M. Thomas (2004)
Photosynthesis — A Practical Energy Source?
D. Hall (1977)
Photorespiration: Comparison Between C3 and C4 Plants
D. T. Canvin (1979)
Aerenchyma development and oxygen transport in the estuarine cordgrasses Spartina alterniflora and S. anglica
B. Maricle (2002)
Analysis of Active Nucleolus Organizing Regions in Polyploid Prairie Cordgrass (Spartina pectinata Link) by Silver Staining
Su-min Kim (2015)
Can perennial C4 grasses attain high efficiencies of radiant energy conversion in cool climates
C. V. Beale (1995)
C4 photosynthesis at low temperatures
S. Long (1983)
Sand Dunes and Their Vegetation Series
C. Leuschner (2017)
Photosynthesis of Conifers in Relation to Annual Growth Cycles and Dry Matter Production: I. Some C4 Characteristics in Photosynthesis of Japanese Larch (Larix leptolepis).
D. J. Fry (1976)
Coastal Saltmarsh Communities of Latin America
C. B. Costa (1992)
Photosynthetic efficiency of maize compared with other field crops
J. P. Cooper (1977)
Bundle sheath chloroplast volume can house sufficient Rubisco to avoid limiting C4 photosynthesis during chilling
Charles P Pignon (2019)
See more
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar