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Induction By E1A Oncogene Expression Of Cellular Susceptibility To Lysis By TNF

M. Chen, B. Holskin, J. Strickler, J. Gorniak, M. Clark, P. J. Johnson, M. Mitcho, D. Shalloway
Published 1987 · Biology, Medicine

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Tumour necrosis factor α (ref. 1), synthesized primarily by monocytes in response to various invasive agents, induces a wide variety of biological effects relevant to regulating cell growth and differentiation2–6, including the selective killing of some tumour cells and the growth stimulation of some normal fibroblasts3. As tumour necrosis factor (TNF) appears to kill tumour cells preferentially, we asked whether TNF sensitivity correlates with the expression of specific oncogene(s). If so, by examining the cellular target(s) of the oncogene product, it might be possible to identify specific factor(s) which mediate TNF action. By using an in vitro cytotoxicity assay with NIH 3T3 and Fisher BRK-derived cells expressing exogenously introduced oncogenes, we found that adenovirus E1A proteins induce susceptibility to TNF killing.

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