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GSK-3 Modulates Cellular Responses To A Broad Spectrum Of Kinase Inhibitors

C. Thorne, Chonlarat Wichaidit, Adam D. Coster, Bruce A. Posner, L. Wu, S. Altschuler
Published 2015 · Biology, Medicine

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A fundamental challenge in treating disease is identifying molecular states that affect cellular responses to drugs. Here, we focus on GSK-3, a key regulator for many of the hallmark behaviors of cancer cells. We alter GSK-3 activity in colon epithelial cells to test its role in modulating drug response. We find that GSK-3 activity broadly affects the cellular sensitivities to a panel of oncology drugs and kinase inhibitors. Specifically, inhibition of GSK-3 activity can strongly desensitize or sensitize cells to kinase inhibitors (e.g. mTOR or PLK1 inhibitors, respectively). Additionally, colorectal cancer cell lines, in which GSK-3 function is commonly suppressed, are resistant to mTOR inhibitors and yet highly sensitive to PLK1 inhibitors and this is further exacerbated by additional GSK-3 inhibition. Finally, by conducting a kinome-wide RNAi screen, we find that GSK-3 modulates the cell proliferative phenotype of a significant fraction (~35%) of the kinome, which includes ~50% of current, clinically relevant kinase-targeted drugs. Our results highlight an under-appreciated interplay of GSK-3 with therapeutically important kinases and suggest strategies for identifying disease-specific molecular profiles that can guide optimal selection of drug treatment.
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