DEPDC1B Regulates The Progression Of Human Chordoma Through UBE2T-mediated Ubiquitination Of BIRC5
Chordoma is a rare bone malignancy with a high rate of local recurrence and distant metastasis. Although DEP domain-containing protein 1B (DEPDC1B) is implicated in a variety of malignancies, its relationship with chordoma is unclear. In this study, the biological role and molecular mechanism of DEPDC1B in chordoma were explored. The function of DEPDC1B in chordoma cells was clarified through loss-of-function assays in vitro and in vivo. Furthermore, molecular mechanism of DEPDC1B in chordoma cells was recognized by RNA sequencing and Co-Immunoprecipitation (Co-IP) assay. The malignant behaviors of DEPDC1B knockdown chordoma cells was significantly inhibited, which was characterized by reduced proliferation, enhanced apoptosis, and hindered migration. Consistently, decreased expression of DEPDC1B suppressed tumor growth in xenograft mice. Mechanically, DEPDC1B affected the ubiquitination of baculoviral inhibitor of apoptosis repeat-containing 5 (BIRC5) through ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme E2T (UBE2T). Simultaneous downregulation of BIRC5 and DEPDC1B may exacerbate the inhibitory effects of chordoma. Moreover, BIRC5 overexpression reduced the inhibitory effects of DEPDC1B knockdown in chordoma cells. In conclusion, DEPDC1B regulates the progression of human chordoma through UBE2T-mediated ubiquitination of BIRC5, suggesting that it may be a promising candidate target with potential therapeutic value.