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Introduction Of A New Repair Technique In Bony Avulsion Of The FDP Tendon: A Biomechanical Study

G. Halát, L. Negrin, E. Unger, T. Koch, J. Streicher, J. Erhart, P. Platzer, S. Hajdu
Published 2018 · Medicine

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The purpose of this study was to determine the biomechanical characteristics of an innovative surgical technique based on a tension banding principle using a suture anchor in the repair of bony avulsions of the flexor digitorum profundus tendon. After injury simulation in 45 fresh frozen distal phalanges from human cadavers, repair was performed with minifragment screws, interosseous sutures and the innovative technique (15 per group). All repairs were loaded for a total of 500 cycles. Subsequently the specimens were loaded to failure. Load at failure, load at first noteworthy displacement (>2 mm), elongation of the system, gap formation at the avulsion site, and the mechanism of failure were assessed. The new techniques’ superior performance in load at failure (mean: 100.5 N), load at first noteworthy displacement (mean 77.4 N), and gap formation (median 0 mm) was statistically significant, which implies a preferable rigidity of the repair. No implant extrusion or suture rupture during cyclic loading were recorded when the new technique was applied. This innovative repair technique is superior biomechanically to other commonly used surgical tendon reattachment methods, particularly with respect to an early passive mobilisation protocol. Further, due to its subcutaneous position, reduction of complications may be achieved.
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