Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.
Please confirm you are human
(Sign Up for free to never see this)
← Back to Search

Modern Precipitation Of Hydrogenetic Ferromanganese Minerals During On-site 15-year Exposure Tests

A. Usui, H. Hino, D. Suzushima, N. Tomioka, Y. Suzuki, M. Sunamura, S. Kato, T. Kashiwabara, S. Kikuchi, G.-I. Uramoto, K. Suzuki, K. Yamaoka
Published 2020 · Geology, Medicine

Save to my Library
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
Redox-sensitive metallic elements, Mn and Fe, are oxidized in deep sea waters and form abundant ferromanganese crusts and nodules on the world’s ocean floors at ultraslow rates of growth. This process of oxidation and the mechanism of precipitation are yet unknown. In this paper, the results of the first successful, long-term, on-site experiment of mineral precipitation that ascertains modern, ongoing hydrogenetic deposition of oxide materials from normal seawaters at water depths of 900–4500 m of geologically active and inactive environments are presented. We succeeded in the in-situ precipitation experiment on the sea floor and characterized the precipitates using high-resolution and submicron-scale chemical, mineralogical, and structural analyses. The installed artificial plates of glass, ceramics, and plastic yielded spread-out particles of sizes varying from one to a few micrometers in diameter, of coccoid-like irregular shapes, with a maximum of 1,000–10,000 individual particles/mm 2 /year after 12–15 years of exposure. The results indicated a continuous substantial growth of the hydrogenetic minerals if both Mn and Fe are supplied to the bottom waters. The mineralogical, chemical, and structural properties of the precipitates are similar to those of the natural precipitates on the seabed that are made up of hydrogenetic ferromanganese crusts and nodules, together with settling sediments, suspended hydrothermal particles, or microbial precipitates from cultivated Mn-oxidizing bacteria. Our work presents new realistic insight into proposed genetic models of marine hydrogenetic ferromanganese deposits in modern diverse ocean environments.
This paper references
Ultra-diffuse hydrothermal venting supports Fe-oxidizing bacteria and massive umber deposition at 5000 m off Hawaii
K. Edwards (2011)
Biomineralization of Layer Silicates and Hydrated Fe/Mn Oxides In Microbial Mats: An Electron Microscopical Study
K. Tazaki (1997)
Diverse Mn(II)-Oxidizing Bacteria Isolated from Submarine Basalts at Loihi Seamount
A. Templeton (2005)
Genetic implications
A. Koschinsky (1995)
Archaeal and bacterial communities in deep-sea hydrogenetic ferromanganese crusts on old seamounts of the northwestern Pacific
Shota Nitahara (2017)
Structural characterization of biogenic Mn oxides produced in seawater by the marine bacillus sp. strain SG-1
Samuel M. Webb (2005)
Metal flux as an alternative parameter in evaluating the resource potential for co-rich ferromanganese crusts
H. Sato (2017)
Cobalt-Rich Ferromanganese Crusts in the Pacific
J. Hein (1999)
Geomicrobiology of manganese(II) oxidation.
B. Tebo (2005)
A seafloor microbial biome hosted within incipient ferromanganese crusts
A. Templeton (2009)
A combined TEM and NanoSIMS study of endolithic microfossils in altered seafloor basalt
N. McLoughlin (2011)
Bacterial scavenging of Mn and Fe in a mid- to far-field hydrothermal particle plume
J. P. Cowen (1986)
Geochemistry of hydrothermal deposits from Loihi submarine volcano, Hawaii
E. Carlo (1983)
General results from Ocean 23Drilling Program legs 143 and 144
Flood (1999)
Heterogeneity of Microbial Communities on Deep-Sea Ferromanganese Crusts in the Takuyo-Daigo Seamount
S. Kato (2018)
Manganese: Predominant Role of Nodules and Crusts
G. P. Glasby (2006)
Distribution and composition of marine hydrogenetic and hydrothermal manganese deposits in the northwest Pacific
A. Usui (1997)
Diagenesis of Ferromanganese Crusts: Chemical and Biological Alteration of Artificial Substrates on Cross Seamount
M. Bertram (2000)
Formation of manganese oxides by bacterially generated superoxide
D. R. Learman (2011)
Continuous growth of hydrogenetic ferromanganese crusts since 17 Myr ago on Takuyo-Daigo Seamount, NW Pacific, at water depths of 800-5500 m
A. Usui (2017)
Identification and characterization of a gene cluster involved in manganese oxidation by spores of the marine Bacillus sp. strain SG-1.
L. V. van Waasbergen (1996)
Ultrafine-scale magnetostratigraphy of marine ferromanganese crust
H. Oda (2011)
Submarine hydrothermal manganese deposits from the Ogasawara (Bonin) Arc, off the Japan Islands
A. Usui (1986)
Abundance and diversity of microbial life in ocean crust
C. Santelli (2008)
Molecular characterization of the microbial community in hydrogenetic ferromanganese crusts of the Takuyo-Daigo Seamount, northwest Pacific.
Shota Nitahara (2011)
Ferruginous vernadite in an Indian Ocean ferromanganese nodule
J. Ostwald (1984)
Textures, geochemistry, and endolithic microorganisms
C. Kruber (2008)
Seafloor alteration of basaltic glass: Textures, geochemistry, and endolithic microorganisms
C. Kruber (2008)
Mineralogy and crystal chemistry of Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, and Cu in a deep-sea Pacific polymetallic nodule
A. Manceau (2014)
Identification and characterization of a gene cluster involved in manganese oxidation by spores of the marine Bacillus sp
L. G. van Waasbergen (1996)
Observations of bacterial microcolonies on the surface of ferromanganese nodules from blake plateau by scanning electron microscopy
P. Larock (2005)
Sequential leaching of marine ferromanganese precipitates: Genetic implications
A. Koschinsky (1995)
Development of northwest Pacific guyots: General results from Ocean Drilling Program legs 143 and 144
P. Flood (1999)
Growth history and formation environments of ferromanganese deposits on the Philippine Sea Plate, northwest Pacific Ocean
A. Usui (2007)
Marine Geochemisty
R. Chester (2003)
La Genese Des Nodules de Manganese, Coll
V. M. Burns (1979)
Cenozoic accumulation history of a Pacific ferromanganese crust
G. McMurtry (1994)
Manganese binding and oxidation by spores of a marine bacillus.
R. Rosson (1982)
Observations of processes leading to the uptake of transition metals in manganese nodules
A. S. Templeton (1979)
an electron microscopical study
Tazaki (1997)
Submersible observations of hydrothermal manganese deposits on the Kaikata Seamount, Izu-Ogasawara (Bonin) Arc
A. Usui (1992)
Significant contribution of subseafloor microparticles to the global manganese budget
G. Uramoto (2019)
Analysis of in situ manganese(II) oxidation in the Columbia River and offshore plume: linking Aurantimonas and the associated microbial community to an active biogeochemical cycle.
C. Anderson (2011)
Identification and characterization of a gene cluster involved in manganese oxidation by spores of the marine Bacillus sp
G. Lorraine (1996)
Vernadite is random-stacked birnessite
R. Giovanoli (1980)
Geology and chemistry of hydrothermal deposits from active submarine volcano Loihi, Hawaii
A. Malahoff (1982)
Characterization of the Biogenic Manganese Oxides Produced by Pseudomonas putida strain MnB1
S. Jiang (2010)
Reactive trace metals in the stratified central North Pacific
K. W. Bruland (1994)
Re–Os isotope geochemistry in the surface layers of ferromanganese crusts from the Takuyo Daigo Seamount, northwestern Pacific Ocean
Ayaka Tokumaru (2015)

This paper is referenced by
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar