Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.
← Back to Search

New AMS 14C Dates Track The Arrival And Spread Of Broomcorn Millet Cultivation And Agricultural Change In Prehistoric Europe

D. Filipović, J. Meadows, M. D. Corso, Wiebke Kirleis, A. Alsleben, Örni Akeret, F. Bittmann, G. Bosi, Beatrice Ciută, D. Dreslerová, Henrike Effenberger, F. Gyulai, Andreas G Heiss, M. Hellmund, S. Jahns, Thorsten Jakobitsch, Magda Kapcia, Stefanie Klooss, Marianne Kohler-Schneider, H. Kroll, P. Makarowicz, E. Marinova, Tanja Märkle, A. Medović, A. Mercuri, A. Mueller-Bieniek, R. Nisbet, G. Pashkevich, R. Perego, P. Pokorný, Łukasz Pospieszny, Marcin M. Przybyła, Kelly Reed, Joanna Rennwanz, Hans-Peter Stika, A. Stobbe, Tjaša Tolar, K. Wasylikowa, Julian Wiethold, Tanja Zerl
Published 2020 · Geography, Medicine

Save to my Library
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy Visualize in Litmaps
Share
Reduce the time it takes to create your bibliography by a factor of 10 by using the world’s favourite reference manager
Time to take this seriously.
Get Citationsy
Broomcorn millet (Panicum miliaceum L.) is not one of the founder crops domesticated in Southwest Asia in the early Holocene, but was domesticated in northeast China by 6000 bc. In Europe, millet was reported in Early Neolithic contexts formed by 6000 bc, but recent radiocarbon dating of a dozen 'early' grains cast doubt on these claims. Archaeobotanical evidence reveals that millet was common in Europe from the 2nd millennium bc, when major societal and economic transformations took place in the Bronze Age. We conducted an extensive programme of AMS-dating of charred broomcorn millet grains from 75 prehistoric sites in Europe. Our Bayesian model reveals that millet cultivation began in Europe at the earliest during the sixteenth century bc, and spread rapidly during the fifteenth/fourteenth centuries bc. Broomcorn millet succeeds in exceptionally wide range of growing conditions and completes its lifecycle in less than three summer months. Offering an additional harvest and thus surplus food/fodder, it likely was a transformative innovation in European prehistoric agriculture previously based mainly on (winter) cropping of wheat and barley. We provide a new, high-resolution chronological framework for this key agricultural development that likely contributed to far-reaching changes in lifestyle in late 2nd millennium bc Europe.
This paper references
10.1017/S0003598X00001307
The Lausitz Culture
V. G. Childe (1928)
10.2307/502387
Flange-Hilted Cutting Swords of Bronze in Central Europe, Northeast Italy and Greece
Stephen Foltiny (1964)
10.2307/3102614
The Bronze Age Cultures in Central and Eastern Europe
R. Rowlett (1965)
M Gimbutas (1965)
Bronze Age Cultures in Central and Eastern Europe (Mouton & Co
M. Gimbutas (1965)
10.1177/030802267303600114
Dates…
(1973)
Kulturpflanzen von Tyrins
H. Kroll (1982)
H Kroll (1982)
10.2307/3642844
Some Recent Discoveries of Millet (Panicum Miliaceum L. and Setaria Italica (L.) P. Beauv.) at Excavations in Turkey and Iran
M. Nesbitt (1988)
Interpreting the evidence for agricultural change in the Late Bronze Age
A. F. Harding (1989)
10.1016/0034-6667(92)90062-L
Archaeobotanical data on millets (Panicum miliaceum and Setaria italica) in France
P. Marinval (1992)
EN Chernykh (1992)
10.5860/choice.31-1013
Ancient Metallurgy in the USSR: The Early Metal Age
E. N. Chernykh (1993)
10.1179/096576693800719293
What Would a Bronze-Age World System Look Like? Relations Between Temperate Europe and the Mediterranean in Later Prehistory
A. Sherratt (1993)
Prehistoric migration as social process. In Migrations and Invasions in Archaeological Explanation (eds
D. W. Anthony (1997)
DW Anthony (1997)
A Sherratt (1998)
Entwicklungslinien und die Veränderung der Kulturlandschaft in der Bronzezeit Europas
K E Behre (1998)
Landwirtschaftliche Entwicklungslinien und die Veränderung der Kulturlandschaft in der Bronzezeit Europas
K. E. Behre (1998)
Small worlds: Interaction and identity in the ancient Mediterranean
A. Sherratt (1998)
A Sherratt (1999)
10.1017/CBO9780511605901
European Societies in the Bronze Age: Index
A. Harding (2000)
10.4135/9781608712434.n129
Bayesian Analysis
H. Prosper (2000)
10.5860/choice.38-5092
European Societies in the Bronze Age
A. Harding (2000)
10.1177/146195710100400307
Bronze Age Environment and Economy in the Troad. The Archaeobotany of Kumtepe and Troy
Klaus-Dieter Jaªger (2001)
Verkohlte Kultur- und Wildpflanzenreste aus Stillfried and der March als Spiegel bronzezeitlicher Landwirtschaft im Weinviertel, Niederösterreich (Verlag der Österreichischen
M. Kohler-Schneider (2001)
Verkohlte Kultur-und Wildpflanzenreste aus Stillfried and der March als Spiegel bronzezeitlicher Landwirtschaft im Weinviertel
M Kohler-Schneider (2001)
W van Zeist (2002)
Le broyage dans la chaîne de transformation du millet (Panicum miliaceum): outils, gestes et écofacts
K. Lundström-Baudais (2002)
10.1017/S0003598X00092231
The Late Glacial human reoccupation of north-western Europe: new approaches to space-time modelling
P. Blackwell (2003)
10.4324/9780203203385-11
Cash-crops before cash: organic consumables and trade
A. Sherratt (2004)
10.1016/J.NIMB.2004.04.015
14C-AMS at the Leibniz-Labor: radiometric dating and isotope research
P. Grootes (2004)
Between fertile crescents: Minor grain crops and agricultural origins
M. K. Jones (2004)
MK Jones (2004)
Hromadný nález keramiky z Lozorna
J Bartík (2004)
Hromadný nález keramiky z Lozorna. Zborník Slovenského Národného Múzea XCVIII
J. Bartík (2004)
J Bartík (2004)
10.5860/choice.43-6621
The Rise of Bronze Age Society: Travels, Transmissions and Transformations
K. Kristiansen (2005)
The Rise of Bronze Age Society: Travels, Transmission and Transformations (Cambridge
K. Kristiansen (2005)
K Kristiansen (2005)
10.1007/S00334-006-0034-1
Economy and environment of Bronze Age settlements – Terramaras – on the Po Plain (Northern Italy): first results from the archaeobotanical research at the Terramara di Montale
A. Mercuri (2006)
The Early Integration of the Eurasian Steppe with the Ancient Near East: Movements and Transformations in the Caucasus and Central Asia
P. L. 69Kohl (2006)
A Sherratt (2006)
F Monah (2007)
The spread of cultivated plants in the region between the Carpathians and Dniester, 6th–4th millennia cal BC
F. Monah (2007)
10.1007/s00334-008-0187-1
Millets across Eurasia: chronology and context of early records of the genera Panicum and Setaria from archaeological sites in the Old World
H. Hunt (2008)
Eine reiche Bestattung der Majkop,Kultur im Kurgan nahe der stanica Mar'inskaja, rajon Kirov, Kraj Stavropol: Vorläufiger Grabungsbericht
A. R. Kantorovic (2008)
Late Bronze Age Aegean trade routes in the Western Mediterranean
A. Vianello (2008)
AR Kantorovič (2008)
A Vianello (2008)
10.1017/S0033822200055879
Paleoecology, Subsistence, and 14C Chronology of the Eurasian Caspian Steppe Bronze Age
N. Shishlina (2009)
10.1017/S0033822200033865
BAYESIAN ANALYSIS OF RADIOCARBON DATES
C. Ramsey (2009)
10.1007/S00334-007-0129-3
Late Neolithic agriculture in eastern Austria: archaeobotanical results from sites of the Baden and Jevišovice cultures (3600–2800 b.c.)
Marianne Kohler-Schneider (2009)
10.1002/OA.964
Life on horseback: palaeopathology of two Scythian skeletons from Alexandropol, Ukraine
Rachel K. Wentz (2009)
Life on Horseback : Palaeopathology of Two Scythian Skeletons from Alexandropol , Ukraine
R. K. WENTZa (2009)
Intercultural Contacts in the Western Carpathian Area at the Turn of the 2nd and 1st Millennia BC (Narodowe Centrum Kultury
M S Przybyła (2009)
10.1017/S0033822200033865
Bayesian Analysis of Radiocarbon Dates
C. Bronk Ramsey (2009)
A Cardarelli (2009)
Intercultural Contacts in the Western Carpathian Area at the Turn of the 2nd and 1st Millennia BC (Narodowe
M. S. Przybyła (2009)
MS Przybyła (2009)
The collapse of the Terramare culture and growth of new economic and social systems during the Late Bronze Age in Italy
A. Cardarelli (2009)
The collapse of the Terramare culture and growth of new economic and social systems during the Late Bronze Age in Italy . Scienze dell ’ Antichità
A. Cardarelli (2009)
10.1017/S0003598X0006703X
Earliest direct evidence for broomcorn millet and wheat in the central Eurasian steppe region
Michael Frachetti (2010)
10.1016/J.JAS.2010.08.009
Investigation of palaeodiet in the North Caucasus (South Russia) Bronze Age using stable isotope analysis and AMS dating of human and animal bones
H. Hollund (2010)
10.1016/J.JAS.2009.10.026
Reconstructing Late Bronze Age diet in mainland Greece using stable isotope analysis
Eirini I. Petroutsa (2010)
10.1017/S0033822200045069
Current Pretreatment Methods for AMS Radiocarbon Dating at the Oxford Radiocarbon Accelerator Unit (Orau)
F. Brock (2010)
Archaeobotany in Hungary. Seed, Fruit, Food and Beverage Remains in the Carpathian Basin: An Archaeobotanical Investigation of Plant Cultivation and Ecology from the Neolithic to the late
F. 90Gyulai (2010)
Archaeobotany in Hungary. Seed, Fruit, Food and Beverage Remains in the Carpathian Basin: An Archaeobotanical Investigation of Plant Cultivation and Ecology from the Neolithic to the late Middle Ages
(2010)
Earliest evidence of broomcorn millet and wheat in the central Eurasian steppe region
M. D. Frachetti (2010)
10.1080/00438243.2011.624764
Food globalization in prehistory
Martin K. Jones (2011)
10.1017/S0003598X00067843
A Bronze Age battlefield? Weapons and trauma in the Tollense Valley, north-eastern Germany
Detlef Jantzen (2011)
10.1086/659308
New Archaeobotanic Data for the Study of the Origins of Agriculture in China
Z. Zhao (2011)
Poselenie s „zolnicami” u cela Odaia-Miciurin, Republica Moldova/Die Siedlung mit “Aschehügeln” beim Dorf Odaia-Miciurin, Republik Moldova (Biblioteca
E. Sava (2011)
Пepвыe peзyльтaты apxeoбoтaничecкиx иccлeдoвaний нa apxeoлoгичecкиx пaмятникax Aдыгeи. Aнaлитичecкиe иccлeдoвaниь лaбopaтopии ecтecтвeннoнayчныx мeтoдoв
E.Ю. Лeбeдeвa (2011)
EЮ Лeбeдeвa (2011)
Пepвыe peзyльтaты apxeoбoтaничecкиx иccлeдoвaний нa apxeoлoгичecкиx пaмятникax Aдыгeи. Aнaлитичecкиe иccлeдoвaниь лaбopaтopии ecтecтвeннoнayчныx мeтoдoв 2
E Ю Лeбeдeвa (2011)
Пepвыe peзyльтaты apxeoбoтaничecкиx иccлeдoвaний нa apxeoлoгичecкиx пaмятникax Aдыгeи
E. Ю. Лeбeдeвa (2011)
Poselenie s "zolnicami" u cela Odaia-Miciurin, Republica Moldova/Die Siedlung mit
E Sava (2011)
The Development of Burial Rites from the Tumulus to the Urnfield Culture in Southern Central Europe
F. Falkenstein (2012)
10.1016/J.QUAINT.2011.01.024
Environment and economic activities of Neolithic and Bronze age populations of the Northern Pontic area
G. Pashkevych (2012)
Staying Home or Staying with your Cattle? Different Reactions to Environmental Changes in the Late Bronze Age of the Lower Don Area (Southern Russia)
L. V. Hoof (2012)
10.1080/00438243.2012.729404
Old World globalization and the Columbian exchange: comparison and contrast
N. Boivin (2012)
10.1007/s00334-012-0377-8
Trends in cereal cultivation in the Czech Republic from the Neolithic to the Migration period (5500 b.c.–a.d. 580)
D. Dreslerová (2012)
10.1086/663692
Multiregional Emergence of Mobile Pastoralism and Nonuniform Institutional Complexity across Eurasia
Michael Frachetti (2012)
10.1179/0093469011Z.0000000004
Archaeobotanical investigation of two Scythian-Sarmatian period pits in eastern Ukraine: Implications for floodplain cereal cultivation
Giedrė Motuzaitė-Matuzevičiūtė (2012)
L van Hoof (2012)
Frühneolitischer Anbau von Rispenhirse in Mitteldeutschland? – Der eisenzeitliche Rispenhirsefund von Hundisburg, Lkr. Börde. In: Archäologie in Sachsen-Anhalt 6 (eds
M. Hellmund (2012)
Archaeobotanika. Doby Bronzovey na Slovensku. Univerzita Konštantina Filozofa v Nitre, Filozofická fakulta (Nitra
M. Hajnalová (2012)
Doby Bronzovey na Slovensku. Univerzita Konštantina Filozofa v Nitre, Filozofická fakulta
M Hajnalová (2012)
Frühneolitischer Anbau von Rispenhirse in Mitteldeutschland? -Der eisenzeitliche Rispenhirsefund von Hundisburg
M Hellmund (2012)
10.1093/OXFORDHB/9780199572861.013.0019
Plant Cultivation in the Bronze Age
Hans-Peter Stika (2013)
10.1017/S0003598X00049875
The early chronology of broomcorn millet (Panicum miliaceum) in Europe
Giedrė Motuzaitė-Matuzevičiūtė (2013)
10.1007/s12520-013-0152-5
Millet, the late comer: on the tracks of Panicum miliaceum in prehistoric Greece
S. Valamoti (2013)
10.1080/00438243.2013.852070
Why move starchy cereals? A review of the isotopic evidence for prehistoric millet consumption across Eurasia
E. Lightfoot (2013)
10.1007/s12520-013-0142-7
Miliacin in palaeosols from an Early Iron Age in Ukraine reveal in situ cultivation of broomcorn millet
Giedrė Motuzaitė-Matuzevičiūtė (2013)
10.2458/azu_js_rc.55.16947
IntCal13 and Marine13 Radiocarbon Age Calibration Curves 0–50,000 Years cal BP
P. Reimer (2013)
Transformations in the Carpathian Basin around 1600 B. C.
K. Fischl (2013)
10.1093/OXFORDHB/9780199572861.013.0047
Romania, Moldova, and Bulgaria
N. Boroffka (2013)
Pontic and Transcarpathian Cultural Patterns in the Trzciniec Circle Between the Prosna and Dnieper
P. Makarowicz (2013)
KP Fischl (2013)
P Makarowicz (2013)
N Boroffka (2013)
10.1007/s12520-014-0194-3
Metals and millets: Bronze and Iron Age diet in inland and coastal Croatia seen through stable isotope analysis
E. Lightfoot (2014)
10.1179/0093469013Z.00000000073
Ojakly: A Late Bronze Age mobile pastoralist site in the Murghab Region, Turkmenistan
Lynne M. Rouse (2014)
10.1371/journal.pone.0106672
Dating the End of the Greek Bronze Age: A Robust Radiocarbon-Based Chronology from Assiros Toumba
K. Wardle (2014)
10.1179/1461957114Y.0000000064
Breakthrough of the Nordic Bronze Age: Transcultural Warriorhood and a Carpathian Crossroad in the Sixteenth Century BC
Helle Vandkilde (2014)
10.18380/SZIE.COLUM.2014.1.1.29
The history of broomcorn millet (Panicum miliaceum L.) In the Carpathian-basin in the mirror of archaeobotanical remains I. From the beginning until the roman age
F. Gyulai (2014)
F Gyulai (2014)
10.1007/S10963-015-9087-3
Agriculture in the Central Asian Bronze Age
R. Spengler (2015)
10.1007/s00334-015-0518-y
Ethnobotany of millet cultivation in the north of the Iberian Peninsula
Aitor Moreno-Larrazabal (2015)
Weed management in millets: Retrospect and prospects
J. S. Mishra (2015)
10.1007/s12520-015-0237-4
Finding millet in the Roman world
Charlene M. Murphy (2015)
10.1016/J.JAS.2015.03.029
The extent of cereal cultivation among the Bronze Age to Turkic period societies of Kazakhstan determined using stable isotope analysis of bone collagen
G. M. Matuzeviciute (2015)
10.1017/ppr.2015.17
Connected Histories: the Dynamics of Bronze Age Interaction and Trade 1500–1100 bc
K. Kristiansen (2015)
10.1515/9783110311211
Prehistoric Mobility and Diet in the West Eurasian Steppes 3500 to 300 BC: An Isotopic Approach
C. Gerling (2015)
10.1177/0959683614566218
Mid-Holocene bottleneck for central European dry grasslands: Did steppe survive the forest optimum in northern Bohemia, Czech Republic?
P. Pokorný (2015)
10.5451/UNIBAS-006737816
Contribution to the development of the Bronze Age plant economy in the surrounding of the Alps : an archaeobotanical case study of two Early and Middle Bronze Age sites in northern Italy (Lake Garda region)
R. Perego (2015)
Plant husbandry and vegetation of Tell Gomolava, Vojvodina, Yugoslavia
W. Zeist (2015)
10.5860/choice.196013
By Steppe, Desert, and Ocean: The Birth of Eurasia
B. Cunliffe (2015)
10.1016/J.JAS.2014.11.001
Variability of the stable carbon isotope ratio in modern and archaeological millets: evidence from northern China
C. An (2015)
B Cunliffe (2015)
JS Mishra (2015)
S Triantaphyllou (2015)
The Birth of Eurasia
Cunliffe (2015)
Stable isotope analysis of skeletal assemblages from prehistoric Northern Greece
S. Triantaphyllou (2015)
Contribution to the Relative and Absolute Chronology of the Early and Middle Bronze Age in western Hungary Based on Radiocarbon Dating of Human Bones
V Kiss (2015)
10.1038/srep26307
Corrigendum: Alcohol intake and cardiovascular risk factors: A Mendelian randomisation study
Yoonsu Cho (2016)
10.1016/J.JASREP.2016.03.029
The breadth of dietary economy in Bronze Age Central Asia: Case study from Adji Kui 1 in the Murghab region of Turkmenistan
R. Spengler (2016)
10.1371/journal.pone.0155083
Diet and Mobility in the Corded Ware of Central Europe
K. Sjögren (2016)
10.17863/CAM.9121
Food globalisation in prehistory: The agrarian foundations of an interconnected continent
Martin Jones (2016)
10.1038/srep38767
First molecular and isotopic evidence of millet processing in prehistoric pottery vessels
C. Heron (2016)
10.1177/0959683616650268
Between China and South Asia: A Middle Asian corridor of crop dispersal and agricultural innovation in the Bronze Age
C. Stevens (2016)
10.1177/0959683616641742
Millet cultivation across Eurasia: Origins, spread, and the influence of seasonal climate
N. Miller (2016)
10.1038/s41598-016-0001-8
Ultrastructural Characterization of the Lower Motor System in a Mouse Model of Krabbe Disease
V. Cappello (2016)
10.2307/j.ctvdjrq7b.13
Stable isotope analysis of Neolithic to Late Bronze Age populations in the Samara Valley
R. Schulting (2016)
10.2307/J.CTVDJRQ7B.7
The Samara Valley Project and the Evolution of Pastoral Economies in the Western Eurasian Steppes
D. Anthony (2016)
10.1017/9781316536063.011
Interpreting Bronze Age Trade and Migration
K. Kristiansen (2016)
Middle Bronze Age social networks in the Carpathian Basin
M. Przybyła (2016)
Držovice (k.u. Držovice na Moravě
P. Fojtík (2016)
Držovice ( k . u . Držovice na Moravě , okr . Prostějov )
P. Fojtík (2016)
P Fojtík (2016)
M Jones (2016)
H Kroll (2016)
Držovice (k.u. Držovice na Moravě, okr. Prostějov). Přehled vyzkumů 57
P Fojtík (2016)
MS Przybyła (2016)
Stable isotope analysis of neolithic to late bronze age populations in the samara valley. In A Bronze Age Landscape in the Russian Steppes: The Samara Valley Project (eds Anthony
R. J. Schulting (2016)
Die Pflanzenfunde von Feudvar
H. Kroll (2016)
10.1177/0959683616687385
Millet cultivation in Central Asia: A response to Miller et al.
E. Brite (2017)
10.1007/s00334-017-0621-3
The plant economy of the Northern European Bronze Age—more diversity through increased trade with southern regions
Henrike Effenberger (2017)
10.1002/9781119130765
Millets and Sorghum: Biology and Genetic Improvement
J. Patil (2017)
10.1515/9780824841676-005
2. The Trans-Eurasian Exchange: The Prehistory of Chinese Relations with the West
A. Sherratt (2017)
10.4324/9781315143026-9
Economic strategies at Bronze Age and Early Iron Age upland sites in the North Caucasus : Archaeological and stable isotope investigations
C. Knipper (2017)
10.1016/J.JASREP.2017.02.004
Directly dated broomcorn millet from the northwestern Caucasus: Tracing the Late Bronze Age route into the Russian steppe
V. Trifonov (2017)
10.1093/NSR/NWX015
Tianshanbeilu and the Isotopic Millet Road: reviewing the late Neolithic/Bronze Age radiation of human millet consumption from north China to Europe
Tingting Wang (2017)
10.1080/00438243.2016.1271745
A bottom-up view of food surplus: using stable carbon and nitrogen isotope analysis to investigate agricultural strategies and diet at Bronze Age Archontiko and Thessaloniki Toumba, northern Greece
Erika Nitsch (2017)
The Archaeology of the Caucasus
A. Sagona (2017)
10.1515/BPS-2017-0023
Builders and Users of Ritual Centres, Yampil Barrow Complex: Studies of Diet Based on Stable Carbon and Nitrogen Isotope Composition
T. Goslar (2017)
10.1002/9781119130765.CH5
Proso Millet, Panicum miliaceum (L.): Genetic Improvement and Research Needs
S. Gomashe (2017)
10.1016/J.JASREP.2017.02.013
Seasonal practices of prehistoric pastoralists from the south of the Russian plain based on the isotope data of modern and archaeological animal bones and plants
N. Shishlina (2017)
10.1007/s12520-017-0588-0
A combined analysis of dietary habits in the Bronze Age site of Ballabio (northern Italy)
S. Masotti (2017)
10.1007/s12520-017-0529-y
Multi-isotope proveniencing of human remains from a Bronze Age battlefield in the Tollense Valley in northeast Germany
T. Price (2017)
VA Trifonov (2017)
The birth of a new world. Barrows, warriors, and metallurgists (1600–1200/1100 BC)
P. Makarowicz (2017)
Spätbronzezeitliche Architektur zwischen Schwarzmeerraum, Kaukasien und Nordostanatolien
S. Reinhold (2017)
Ed.) Millets and Sorghum: Biology and Genetic Improvement (Wiley Blackwell, Hoboken, 2017)
J. V. Patil (2017)
N Shishlina (2017)
Panicum miliaceum (L.): Genetic improvement and research needs
S S Gomashe (2017)
S Reinhold (2017)
Plant food from the Late Bronze Age and Early Iron Age hilltop site Kush Kaya, Eastern Rhodope Mountains, Bulgaria: Insights on tha cooking practices
I. Hristova (2018)
10.1007/s00334-018-0676-9
Plant food subsistence in the human diet of the Bronze Age Caspian and Low Don steppe pastoralists: archaeobotanical, isotope and 14C data
N. Shishlina (2018)
10.1038/s41598-018-35758-w
Intensification in pastoralist cereal use coincides with the expansion of trans-regional networks in the Eurasian Steppe
A. R. Ventresca Miller (2018)
The origins of millet cultivation in the Caucasus: archaeological and archaeometric approaches
E. Herrscher (2018)
10.1002/OA.2639
Estimating C4 plant consumption in Bronze Age Northeastern Italy through stable carbon and nitrogen isotopes in bone collagen
M. Tafuri (2018)
10.1002/ajpa.23718
Dietary inferences through stable isotope analysis at the Neolithic and Bronze Age in the southern Caucasus (sixth to first millenium BC, Azerbaijan): From environmental adaptation to social impacts.
E. Herrscher (2018)
10.1007/s12520-018-0718-3
Re-examining millet impressions in Usatovo clay materials from NW Black Sea region, Ukraine
Ting An (2018)
10.1371/journal.pone.0197214
5000 years of dietary variations of prehistoric farmers in the Great Hungarian Plain
Beatriz Gamarra (2018)
Plant food from the Late Bronze and Early Iron Age hilltop site Kush Kaya
H Popov (2018)
H Popov (2018)
RN Spengler (2018)
C Knipper (2018)
A Sagona (2018)
E Herrscher (2018)
Postharvest Technologies. In Sorghum and Millets. Chemistry, Technology, and Nutritional Attributes
T. Beta (2018)
Changing times, changing diet? Isotopic investigation of adult and childhood feeding practices in Switzerland in late prehistory
A. Varalli (2018)
Dietary variability during the Bronze Age in the area of present-day Czech Republic
S. Kaupová (2018)
10.1007/s12520-019-00893-6
Crops along the trade routes? Archaeobotany of the Bronze Age in the region of South Bohemia (Czech Republic) in context with longer distance trade and exchange networks
Tereza Šálková (2019)
10.1098/rspb.2019.1273
Early integration of pastoralism and millet cultivation in Bronze Age Eurasia
T. Hermes (2019)
10.1007/s12520-019-00798-4
First direct evidence of broomcorn millet (Panicum miliaceum) in Central Europe
Lukáš Kučera (2019)
10.1111/ARCM.12493
Mobility and diet in the Iron Age Pontic forest-steppe: A multi-isotopic study of urban populations at Bel'sk
A. Miller (2019)
10.1371/journal.pone.0209693
Flows of people in villages and large centres in Bronze Age Italy through strontium and oxygen isotopes
C. Cavazzuti (2019)
10.1016/B978-0-12-811527-5.00009-5
Traditional Sorghum and Millet Food and Beverage Products and Their Technologies
John R. N. Taylor (2019)
10.1016/J.QUASCIREV.2018.12.017
From ecological opportunism to multi-cropping: Mapping food globalisation in prehistory
Xinyi Liu (2019)
In Paper presented at the international workshop 'Millet and what else? The wider context of the adoption of millet cultivation in Europe
E Endo (2019)
10.1016/j.qsa.2020.100011
New evidence from the Kashmir Valley indicates the adoption of East and West Asian crops in the western Himalayas by 4400 years ago
M. A. Yatoo (2020)
10.1017/RDC.2020.14
Annual Variation in Atmospheric 14C Between 1700 BC and 1480 BC
C. Pearson (2020)
10.1017/RDC.2020.23
Wood from the Netherlands around the Time of the Santorini Eruption Dated by Dendrochronology and Radiocarbon
M. Kuitems (2020)
10.1017/RDC.2019.90
Luminescence Dating of the Iron Age Deposits from Tell Damiyah in the Jordan Valley
S. Khasawneh (2020)
Postharvest Technologies
T. Beta
Chasing Chinese millets in Ukraine using seed impressions in pottery
E. Endo
Current pretreatment methods for AMS
F. Brock
Frühneolitischer Anbau von Rispenhirse in Mitteldeutschland ? – Der eisenzeitliche Rispenhirsefund von Hun - disburg , Lkr . Börde
M. Hellmund
Die Pflanzenfunde von Feudvar . In Feudvar III
H. Kroll
Prehistoric migration as social process
D. W. Anthony



This paper is referenced by
10.1016/J.JALLCOM.2021.160066
Investigation on mesoporous bimetallic tungstate nanostructure for high-performance solid- state supercapattery
Smitha Prabhu (2021)
10.5937/RATPOV58-31204
Archaeoentomological assessment of weevil (Coleoptera, Bruchidae) infestation level of pea (Pisum sativum) at the Late Bronze Age settlement Hissar
A. Medović (2021)
10.1016/j.jas.2020.105292
Isotopic evidence of millet consumption in the Middle Bronze Age of East-Central Europe
Łukasz Pospieszny (2021)
10.1016/J.QUAINT.2021.05.022
Pig management strategies during the early Dawenkou cultural period (ca. 6200–5600 BP): A stable isotopic analysis of animal remains from the Houtieying site, Anhui Province, China
Lingling Dai (2021)
10.1016/J.MOLSTRUC.2021.130282
Synthesis, structure analysis, DFT calculations, Hirshfeld surface studies, and energy frameworks of 6-Chloro-3-[(4-chloro-3-methylphenoxy)methyl][1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-b]pyridazine
Hamdi Hamid Sallam (2021)
10.1016/j.tree.2021.06.003
Archaeology and agriculture: plants, people, and past land-use.
A. de Vareilles (2021)
10.1016/J.IJHYDENE.2021.02.054
Introducing a novel technique for measuring hydrogen crossover in membrane-based electrochemical cells
Z. Kang (2021)
10.1038/s41598-021-92392-9
The place of millet in food globalization during Late Prehistory as evidenced by new bioarchaeological data from the Caucasus
Lucie Martin (2021)
10.1016/J.QUAINT.2021.02.005
First palynological results from lowland sites in the Romanian Banat and their implications for settlement and land use dynamics in the southeastern Carpathian Basin
Maren Gumnior (2021)
10.1007/s00334-021-00843-0
Food and farming beyond the Alpine lake zone: the archaeobotany of the Copper Age settlements of Lenzing-Burgstall and Ansfelden-Burgwiese in Upper Austria, and an early occurrence of Triticum spelta (spelt)
Thorsten Jakobitsch (2021)
10.1371/journal.pone.0248287
Dig out, Dig in! Plant-based diet at the Late Bronze Age copper production site of Prigglitz-Gasteil (Lower Austria) and the relevance of processed foodstuffs for the supply of Alpine Bronze Age miners
Andreas G Heiss (2021)
10.1016/J.AEJ.2021.03.056
Bioconvection analysis for Sutterby nanofluid over an axially stretched cylinder with melting heat transfer and variable thermal features: A Marangoni and solutal model
Ying-Qing Song (2021)
10.1007/s13668-021-00355-3
To Detect and Reject, Parallel Roles for Taste and Immunity
Jason R. Goodman (2021)
10.1007/S00521-021-06055-X
A new approach to predict ulcerative colitis activity through standard clinical–biological parameters using a robust neural network model
I. Popa (2021)
10.1016/J.ARABJC.2021.103121
Self-assembled oil palm biomass-derived modified graphene oxide anode: An efficient medium for energy transportation and bioremediating Cd (II) via microbial fuel cells
Asim Ali Yaqoob (2021)
10.31577/SLOVARCH.2020.68.12
The Late Bronze Age Pottery in the South-Eastern Carpathian Basin
V. Sava (2020)
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar