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The Distribution Of Antibiotic Resistance Genes In Chicken Gut Microbiota Commensals

Helena Juricova, Jitka Matiasovicova, Tereza Kubasova, Darina Cejkova, Ivan Rychlik

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AbstractAntibiotic resistance in bacterial pathogens or several indicator bacteria is commonly studied but the extent of antibiotic resistance in bacterial commensals colonising the intestinal tract is essentially unknown. In this study, we aimed to investigate the presence of horizontally acquired antibiotic resistance genes among chicken gut microbiota members in 259 isolates with known whole genomic sequences. Altogether 124 isolates contained at least one gene coding for antibiotic resistance. Genes coding for the resistance to tetracyclines (detected in 101 isolates), macrolide-lincosamide-streptogramin B antibiotics (28 isolates) and aminoglycosides (25 isolates) were the most common. The most frequent tetracycline resistance genes were tet(W), tet(32), tet(O) and tet(Q). Lachnospiraceae and Ruminococcaceae frequently encoded tet(W). Lachnospiraceae commonly coded also for tet(32) and tet(O). The tet(44) gene was associated with Erysipelotrichaceae and tet(Q) was detected in the genomes of Bacteroidaceae and Porphyromonadaceae. Without any bias we have shown that antibiotic resistance is quite common in gut commensals. However, a comparison of codon usage showed that the above-mentioned families represent the most common current reservoirs but probably not the original host of the detected resistances.