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A Pharmacological Inhibitor Of NLRP3 Inflammasome Prevents Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease In A Mouse Model Induced By High Fat Diet

Gabsik Yang, Hye Eun Lee, Joo Young Lee

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Abstract The activation of NOD-like receptor family pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome is closely associated with the development and progression of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) induced by a high-fat diet. Therefore, we investigated whether oral administration of sulforaphane (SFN) prevented high-fat diet-induced NAFLD in mice by regulation of the NLRP3 inflammasome in the liver. Daily oral administrations of SFN reduced hepatic steatosis scores, serum ALT and AST levels, and hepatic levels of cholesterol, triglycerides, and free fatty acids in mice fed a high-fat diet. These were correlated with the suppression of NLRP3 inflammasome activation in the liver by SFN as evidenced by decrease in mRNA levels of ASC and caspase-1, caspase-1 enzyme activity, and IL-1β levels. SFN inhibited saturated fatty acid-induced activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome in primary mouse hepatocytes, accompanied by the restoration of mitochondrial dysfunction. The suppression of NLRP3 inflammasome by SFN was mediated by the regulation of AMP-activated protein kinase-autophagy axis. Our findings demonstrated that the suppression of NLRP3 inflammasome activation by an orally available small molecule inhibitor leads to the alleviation of the hepatic steatosis symptoms associated with NAFLD induced by a high-fat diet.