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Two-dimensional Covalent Carbon Nitride Nanosheets: Synthesis, Functionalization, And Applications

J. Zhang, Y. Chen, X. Wang
Published 2015 · Materials Science

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The development of new layered materials has experienced an evolution from graphene to metal oxide and metal chalcogenide nanosheets, and more recently to two-dimensional (2D) covalent organic frameworks, such as conjugated carbon nitride nanosheets (CNNs) with a spectral gap in the band structure. The anisotropic 2D geometric morphology, together with the aromatic π-conjugated framework, endows polymeric CNNs with unique properties, such as an enlarged surface area with a highly opened-up flat structure, reduced thickness with enhanced electron mobility and with intrinsic semiconductive features, which support their attractive bandgap- and surface-engineered applications ranging from energy-related topics to other new emerging fields. In this review, recent research advances in the establishment of two synthetic strategies for CNNs are firstly overviewed, namely, the top-down delamination of graphitic carbon nitride (CN) solids and the bottom-up assembly of molecular building blocks in a 2D manner. Efficient approaches aimed at advancing CNNs for target-specific applications, including hybridizing, doping, sensitization, copolymerization and nanorefinement, are also described as possible solutions.
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10.1002/chem.202001105
Research Progress in Covalent Organic Frameworks for Photoluminescent Materials.
J. Zeng (2020)
10.1016/j.ceramint.2020.01.265
Preparation of heterostructure g-C3N4/ZnO nanorods for high photocatalytic activity on different pollutants (MB, RhB, Cr(VI) and eosin)
Qidi Zhong (2020)
10.1021/ACSCATAL.5B02185
Enhanced Driving Force and Charge Separation Efficiency of Protonated g-C3N4 for Photocatalytic O2 Evolution
C. Ye (2015)
10.1002/cssc.201800053
WS2 /Graphitic Carbon Nitride Heterojunction Nanosheets Decorated with CdS Quantum Dots for Photocatalytic Hydrogen Production.
Yajun Zou (2018)
10.1016/J.APSUSC.2017.06.073
Adsorption of H 2 O, H 2 , O 2 , CO, NO, and CO 2 on graphene/g-C 3 N 4 nanocomposite investigated by density functional theory
Hong-zhang Wu (2018)
10.1007/S11434-016-1053-7
Enhanced visible-light photocatalytic activity of a g-C3N4/m-LaVO4 heterojunction: band offset determination
Xiaoping Liu (2016)
10.1039/c8nr07013j
Largely enhanced photocatalytic hydrogen production rate of CdS/(Au-ReS2) nanospheres by the dielectric-plasmon hybrid antenna effect.
J. Liu (2018)
10.1002/adma.201900617
2D Metal-Organic Frameworks as Multifunctional Materials in Heterogeneous Catalysis and Electro/Photocatalysis.
A. Dhakshinamoorthy (2019)
10.1016/J.JALLCOM.2016.06.076
One-step synthesis and visible-light-driven H2 production from water splitting of Ag quantum dots/g-C3N4 photocatalysts
Tianjun Chen (2016)
10.1039/C6TA07397B
A three-dimensional graphitic carbon nitride belt network for enhanced visible light photocatalytic hydrogen evolution
Yunxiong Zeng (2016)
10.1002/asia.201700540
Strategies for Efficient Solar Water Splitting Using Carbon Nitride.
Y. Yang (2017)
10.1002/anie.201800875
Fast Exfoliation and Functionalisation of Two-Dimensional Crystalline Carbon Nitride by Framework Charging.
J. Jia (2018)
10.1002/cssc.201501658
Photoactivity of g-C3 N4 /S-Doped Porous Carbon Composite: Synergistic Effect of Composite Formation.
M. Seredych (2016)
10.1016/S1872-2067(16)62509-3
Polycondensation of ammonium thiocyanate into novel porous g-C3N4 nanosheets as photocatalysts for enhanced hydrogen evolution under visible light irradiation
Yanjuan Cui (2016)
10.1016/J.APCATB.2017.10.028
Nitrogen photofixation by ultrathin amine-functionalized graphitic carbon nitride nanosheets as a gaseous product from thermal polymerization of urea
Shihai Cao (2018)
10.1039/C7QM00055C
Exfoliated metal free homojunction photocatalyst prepared by a biomediated route for enhanced hydrogen evolution and Rhodamine B degradation
S. Martha (2017)
10.1016/J.APCATB.2018.09.011
Novel conjugated organic polymers as candidates for visible-light-driven photocatalytic hydrogen production
Jinxin Chen (2019)
10.1039/C8CY02242A
Hybrid VS2 cocatalyst and phosphorus dopant towards both surface and bulk modification of ZnCdS/CdS heterostructures
Y. Zhang (2019)
10.1016/J.FLATC.2019.100109
Synthetic strategies of two-dimensional porous materials towards highly effective catalysts
Kena Yang (2019)
10.1039/C9TA06219J
Amino-functionalised conjugated porous polymers for improved photocatalytic hydrogen evolution
Kaiwen Lin (2019)
10.1016/J.TRECHM.2019.06.009
Emerging Photocatalysts for Hydrogen Evolution
S. Cao (2020)
10.1016/j.cej.2019.123519
Ultrathin Co-Co LDHs nanosheets assembled vertically on MXene: 3D nanoarrays for boosted visible-light-driven CO2 reduction
W. Chen (2020)
10.1039/C9TA01535C
Novel NiPt alloy nanoparticle decorated 2D layered g-C3N4 nanosheets: a highly efficient catalyst for hydrogen generation from hydrous hydrazine
Chao Wan (2019)
10.1002/chem.201803201
Covalent Functionalization of Carbon Nitride Frameworks through Cross-Coupling Reactions.
Jingwen Sun (2018)
10.1002/advs.201800820
Tuning the Intrinsic Properties of Carbon Nitride for High Quantum Yield Photocatalytic Hydrogen Production
M. Z. Rahman (2018)
10.1016/S1872-2067(15)60995-0
Thermal nitridation of triazine motifs to heptazine-based carbon nitride frameworks for use in visible light photocatalysis
Zhenzhen Lin (2015)
10.1016/J.MOLCATA.2016.08.029
Bi4O5Br2 ultrasmall nanosheets in situ strong coupling to MWCNT and improved photocatalytic activity for tetracycline hydrochloride degradation
Jun Di (2016)
10.1002/asia.201601178
Metal/Graphitic Carbon Nitride Composites: Synthesis, Structures, and Applications.
L. Wang (2016)
10.1016/J.CARBON.2019.05.079
Organic motif's functionalization via covalent linkage in carbon nitride: An exemplification in photocatalysis
D. Chauhan (2019)
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