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Evaluation Of The Toxicity Of Iron-ion Irradiation In Murine Bone Marrow Dendritic Cells Via Increasing The Expression Of Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase 1.
Published 2017 · Chemistry, Medicine, Biology
High linear energy transfer radiation is known to deposit higher energy in tissues and cause greater toxicity compared to low-LET irradiation. Local immunosuppression is frequently observed after irradiation (IR). Dendritic cells (DCs) play important roles in the initiation and maintenance of the immune response. The dysfunction of DCs contributes to tumor evasion and growth. However, molecular mechanisms underlying the establishment of immune tolerance induced by heavy ion IR through this DC population are poorly understood. Therefore, here we report our findings on the dysfunction of bone marrow-derived dendritic cells (BMDCs) induced by 1 Gy iron ion radiation and promotions of expressions of JNK1/2/3, indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase 1 (IDO1), p-ERK1/2 and p38/MAPK; and decrease of IDO2, MHC class II, CD40, CD80 expressions and IFN-γ and TNF-α secretion after total-body IR in mice. JNK+IDO1+ BMDCs showed up-expression of p-ERK1/2 and p-p38/MAPK, reduced expression of MHC class II and CD80, and were not able to effectively stimulate allogeneic spleen T cells. The inhibition of IDO1 expressions could partly restore the function of BMDCs. In all, our study shows that elevated JNK and IDO1 expression induced by Fe ion IR could result in dysfunction of BMDCs via p-p38/MAPK and p-ERK1/2 signal pathway, and it may represent a new mechanism in radiation-induced immune tolerance.