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Characterization Techniques For Nanoparticles: Comparison And Complementarity Upon Studying Nanoparticle Properties.
S. Mourdikoudis, R. M. Pallares, N. T. Thanh
Published 2018 · Computer Science, Medicine
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Nanostructures have attracted huge interest as a rapidly growing class of materials for many applications. Several techniques have been used to characterize the size, crystal structure, elemental composition and a variety of other physical properties of nanoparticles. In several cases, there are physical properties that can be evaluated by more than one technique. Different strengths and limitations of each technique complicate the choice of the most suitable method, while often a combinatorial characterization approach is needed. In addition, given that the significance of nanoparticles in basic research and applications is constantly increasing, it is necessary that researchers from separate fields overcome the challenges in the reproducible and reliable characterization of nanomaterials, after their synthesis and further process (e.g. annealing) stages. The principal objective of this review is to summarize the present knowledge on the use, advances, advantages and weaknesses of a large number of experimental techniques that are available for the characterization of nanoparticles. Different characterization techniques are classified according to the concept/group of the technique used, the information they can provide, or the materials that they are destined for. We describe the main characteristics of the techniques and their operation principles and we give various examples of their use, presenting them in a comparative mode, when possible, in relation to the property studied in each case.
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Carl D. Walkey (2012)
In situ SAXS study on size changes of platinum nanoparticles with temperature
Wei Wang (2008)
STEM HAADF electron tomography of palladium nanoparticles with complex shapes
S. Benlekbir (2009)
Chemical composition dispersion in bi-metallic nanoparticles: semi-automated analysis using HAADF-STEM
T. Epicier (2012)
Comparison and Calibration of Fluxgate and SQUID Magnetorelaxometry Techniques for the Characterization of Magnetic Core-Shell Nanoparticles
F. Ludwig (2009)
Extraction and analysis of silver and gold nanoparticles from biological tissues using single particle inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry.
E. Gray (2013)
Characterization of magnetic nanoparticle by dynamic light scattering
J. Lim (2013)
Structural characterization of iron oxide/hydroxide nanoparticles in nine different parenteral drugs for the treatment of iron deficiency anaemia by electron diffraction (ED) and X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD).
S. Fütterer (2013)
Overview about the localization of nanoparticles in tissue and cellular context by different imaging techniques
A. Ostrowski (2015)
Efficient method for predicting crystal structures at finite temperature: variable box shape simulations.
L. Filion (2009)
Methods for the Characterization of NPs
H Modrow (2005)
High-resolution TEM in Transmission Electron Microscopy
D. B. Williams (2009)
Full characterization of colloidal solutions of long-alkyl-chain-amine-stabilized ZnO nanoparticles by NMR spectroscopy: surface state, equilibria, and affinity.
Y. Coppel (2012)
Revealing bismuth oxide hollow nanoparticle formation by the Kirkendall effect.
Kaiyang Niu (2013)
ZnO/liquid crystalline nanohybrids: from properties in solution to anisotropic growth.
Sarmenio Saliba (2012)
Improving the quality of electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) patterns from nanoparticles
J. Small (2002)
Quantitative analysis of thiolated ligand exchange on gold nanoparticles monitored by 1H NMR spectroscopy.
Ashley M Smith (2015)
Core–shell and multilayered magnetite nanoparticles—Structural and Mössbauer studies
B. Kalska-Szostko (2014)
Towards full-structure determination of bimetallic nanoparticles with an aberration-corrected electron microscope.
V. Ortalan (2010)
Vibrational coherence of self-organized silver nanocrystals in f.c.c. supra-crystals
A. Courty (2005)
Formation of gold nanorods by a stochastic "popcorn" mechanism.
J. Edgar (2012)
Single particle ICP-MS combined with a data evaluation tool as a routine technique for the analysis of nanoparticles in complex matrices
R. Peters (2015)
Study of magnetic susceptibility of magnetite nanoparticles
A. Rodriguez (2003)
Determination of the ground-state atomic structures of size-selected au nanoclusters by electron-beam-induced transformation.
Z. Wang (2012)
Systematic investigation of functional ligands for colloidal stable upconversion nanoparticles
Hien T. T. Duong (2018)
In situ observation of oscillatory growth of bismuth nanoparticles.
H. Xin (2012)
Electron diffraction and HRTEM studies of multiply-twinned structures and dynamical events in metal nanoparticles: facts and artefacts
P. Buffat (2003)
In situ liquid-cell electron microscopy of silver-palladium galvanic replacement reactions on silver nanoparticles.
E. Sutter (2014)
Imaging atomic structure in metal nanoparticles using high-resolution cryo-TEM.
O. Balmes (2006)
Magnetophoretic assembly of flexible nanoparticles/lipid microfilaments.
B. Bharti (2015)
Transmission electron microscopy : physics of image formation.
H. Kohl (1984)
In-field Mossbauer study of disordered surface spins in core/shell ferrite nanoparticles
E. C. Sousa (2009)
High Resolution STEM-EELS Study of Silver Nanoparticles Exposed to Light and Humic Substances.
I. Römer (2016)
Water soluble heptakis(6-deoxy-6-thio)cyclomaltoheptaose capped gold nanoparticles via metal vapour synthesis: NMR structural characterization and complexation properties.
G. Uccello-Barretta (2011)
Characterization of Poly(ethylene oxide)-Capped Gold Nanoparticles in Water by Means of Transmission Electron Microscopy, Thermogravimetric Analysis, Mass Density, and Small Angle Scattering
M. Maccarini (2010)
Magnetic order in ? - Fe 2 O 3 nanoparticles: a XMCD study
S. Brice-Profeta (2005)
Characterizing size and porosity of hollow nanoparticles: SAXS, SANS, TEM, DLS, and adsorption isotherms compared.
Z. Chen (2012)
Trioctylphosphine as Both Solvent and Stabilizer to Synthesize CdS Nanorods
S. Chen (2009)
A new approach to the investigation of nanoparticles: electron tomography with compressed sensing.
J. Thomas (2013)
NMR characterization of ligand binding and exchange dynamics in triphenylphosphine-capped gold nanoparticles
R. Sharma (2009)
Electron backscatter diffraction analysis of gold nanoparticles on Y1Ba2Cu3O7−δ
A. Bochmann (2015)
Comparison of different characterization methods for nanoparticle dispersions before and after aerosolization
H. Fissan (2014)
Block Copolymer Assembly via Kinetic Control
H. Cui (2007)
FMR and TEM Studies of Co and Ni Nanoparticles Implanted in the SiO2 Matrix
I. Edelman (2011)
Synthesis, characterization and SERS activity of biosynthesized silver nanoparticles.
M. Bindhu (2013)
Structure of NaYF4 Upconverting Nanoparticles: A Multinuclear Solid-State NMR and DFT Computational Study
A. A. Arnold (2013)
Nucleation and Growth of Fe Nanoparticles in SiO2: A TEM, XPS, and Fe L-Edge XANES Investigation
J. Leveneur (2011)
Small Angle X-ray Scattering for Nanoparticle Research.
T. Li (2016)
3 D characterization of gold nanoparticles supported on heavy metal oxide catalysts by HAADF-STEM electron tomography.
J. Gonzalez (2009)
H2PtCl6-derived Pt nanoparticles on USY zeolite: A qualitative and quantitative electron tomography study
J. Zečević (2012)
Mapping the reactions of hexavalent chromium [Cr(VI)] in iron nanoparticles using spherical aberration corrected scanning transmission electron microscopy (Cs-STEM)
L. Ling (2014)
SAXS/DSC/WAXD study of TiO2 nanoparticles and the effect of γ-radiation on nanopolymer electrolyte
A. Turkovic (2012)
Mössbauer spectra and superparamagnetism of europium sulfide nanoparticles
C. Johnson (2014)
Coalescence of oxide nanoparticles: In situ HRTEM observation
W. Zhang (2006)
Electron energy-loss spectroscopy (EELS) of surface plasmons in single silver nanoparticles and dimers: influence of beam damage and mapping of dark modes.
A. Koh (2009)
Comparing electron tomography and HRTEM slicing methods as tools to measure the thickness of nanoparticles.
D. Alloyeau (2009)
Tripeptides on Gold Nanoparticles: Structural Differences between Two Reverse Sequences as Determined by Solid-State NMR and DFT Calculations.
Ichhuk Karki (2015)
Selective Deposition of Palladium Nanoparticles inside the Bimodal Porosity of β-SiC Investigated by Electron Tomography
I. Florea (2009)
Unraveling the core-shell structure of ligand-capped Sn/SnOx nanoparticles by surface-enhanced nuclear magnetic resonance, Mössbauer, and X-ray absorption spectroscopies.
L. Protesescu (2014)
TEM and HRTEM evidence for the role of ligands in the formation of shape-controlled platinum nanoparticles.
M. R. Axet (2011)
Real-time tracking of delayed-onset cellular apoptosis induced by intracellular magnetic hyperthermia.
C. Blanco-Andujar (2016)
In situ SEM and ToF‐SIMS analysis of IgG conjugated gold nanoparticles at aqueous surfaces
Li Yang (2014)
FMR and DSC study of maghemite nanoparticles in PMMA polymer matrix
J. Typek (2008)
Cross-correlation based high resolution electron backscatter diffraction and electron channelling contrast imaging for strain mapping and dislocation distributions in InAlN thin films
A. Vilalta-Clemente (2017)
Ethanol oxidation on shape-controlled platinum nanoparticles at different pHs: A combined in situ IR spectroscopy and online mass spectrometry study
C. Busó-Rogero (2016)
Quantitative nanoparticle organ disposition by gel permeation chromatography.
Abdul Khader Mohammad (2012)
XPS study of silver, nickel and bimetallic silver–nickel nanoparticles prepared by seed-mediated growth
P. Prieto (2012)
New Insights into the structure of Pd-Au nanoparticles as revealed by aberration-corrected STEM.
F. L. Deepak (2011)
Orbital and spin moments of 5 to 11 nm Fe3O4 nanoparticles measured via x-ray magnetic circular dichroism
Yanping Cai (2014)
Surface and frustration evidence in Co–Ni–B nanoparticles by FMR measurements
E. D. Biasi (2005)
Characterizing Substrate-Surface Interactions on Alumina-Supported Metal Catalysts by Dynamic Nuclear Polarization-Enhanced Double-Resonance NMR Spectroscopy.
Frédéric A. Perras (2017)
Evaluation of biomass-derived stabilising agents for colloidal silver nanoparticles via nanoparticle tracking analysis (NTA)
R. Luque (2013)
Imaging of Her2-targeted magnetic nanoparticles for breast cancer detection: comparison of SQUID-detected magnetic relaxometry and MRI.
Natalie L. Adolphi (2012)
Wet chemical synthesis and a combined X-ray and Mössbauer study of the formation of FeSb2 nanoparticles.
C. Birkel (2011)
Effect of gold nanoparticle aggregation on cell uptake and toxicity.
Alexandre Albanese (2011)
Structural analysis of hydroxyapatite coating on magnetite nanoparticles using energy filter imaging and electron tomography.
M. Okuda (2010)
Polyhedral iron oxide core–shell nanoparticles in a biodegradable polymeric matrix: preparation, characterization and application in magnetic particle hyperthermia and drug delivery
M. Filippousi (2013)
Raman and XPS study on the interaction of taurine with silver nanoparticles
N. Maiti (2016)
Quantification of ligand packing density on gold nanoparticles using ICP-OES
Sherrie Elzey (2012)
Quantitative nanoscale viscosity measurements using magnetic nanoparticles and SQUID AC susceptibility measurements
Victoria L. Calero-DdelC (2011)
Ferromagnetic Resonance of Nickel Nanoparticles in an Amorphous Oxide Matrix
M. Yulikov (2004)
Challenges in the size analysis of a silica nanoparticle mixture as candidate certified reference material
V. Kestens (2016)
Determining the Location and Role of Al in Al-Modified TiO2 Nanoparticles Using Low-Temperature Heat Capacity, Electron Energy-Loss Spectroscopy, and X-ray Diffraction
Jacob Schliesser (2015)
Probing Single Molecules and Single Nanoparticles by Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering
S. Nie (1997)
Controlling the size and shape of gold nanoparticles in fulvic acid colloidal solutions and their optical characterization using SERS
D. Santos (2005)
Study of agglomeration of alumina nanoparticles by atomic force microscopy (AFM) and photon correlation spectroscopy (PCS)
J. Viguié (2007)
Enthalpy and entropy of nanoparticle association from temperature-dependent cryo-TEM.
J. van Rijssel (2011)
Evidence for the chemical nature of capping in CdSe nanoparticles prepared by thermolysis in tri-n-octylphosphine oxide from P-edge EXAFS spectroscopy
G. Rafeletos (2001)
In situ observation of Pt nanoparticles on graphene layers under high temperature using aberration-corrected transmission electron microscopy.
A. Hashimoto (2012)
X-ray magnetic circular dichroism study on ferromagnetic Pd nanoparticles
Y. Oba (2008)
Structural and magnetic deconvolution of FePt/FeOx-nanoparticles using x-ray magnetic circular dichroism
D. Nolle (2009)
Meditations on the ubiquity and mutability of nano-sized materials in the environment.
M. Wiesner (2011)
A study of nanomaterial dispersion in solution by wet-cell transmission electron microscopy.
R. Franks (2008)
Platonic gold nanocrystals.
F. Kim (2004)
Interlaboratory comparison of size measurements on nanoparticles using nanoparticle tracking analysis (NTA)
P. Hole (2013)
Synthesis and detection the oxidization of Co cores of Co@SiO2 core-shell nanoparticles by in situ XRD and EXAFS
K. Zhang (2015)
Revealing the Formation of Copper Nanoparticles from a Homogeneous Solid Precursor by Electron Microscopy.
Roy van den Berg (2016)
Size Distribution of Silver Nanoparticles: UV-Visible Spectroscopic Assessment
R. Desai (2012)
HAADF-STEM observation of Au nanoparticles on TiO2
T. Akita (2008)
Nanoscaling laws of magnetic nanoparticles and their applicabilities in biomedical sciences.
Y. Jun (2008)
3D structure of individual nanocrystals in solution by electron microscopy
J. Park (2015)
The use of imaging XPS to assess ligand binding to nanoparticles
J. Kim (2014)
In-Situ High-Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy Investigation of Overheating of Cu Nanoparticles
Chunlin Chen (2016)
EXAFS and XANES Investigations of CuFe2O4 Nanoparticles and CuFe2O4−MO2 (M = Sn, Ce) Nanocomposites
V. Krishnan (2007)
Investigation of the surface chemistry of phosphine-stabilized ruthenium nanoparticles--an advanced solid-state NMR study.
T. Gutmann (2013)
Adsorption of poly(hydroxystearic acid) to TiO2 nanoparticles, studied using gel permeation chromatography
Benjamin J. Naden (2015)
Magnetic characterization by SQUID and FMR of a biocompatible ferrofluid based on Fe3O4
L. Gamarra (2009)
Solid-state NMR concepts for the investigation of supported transition metal catalysts and nanoparticles.
T. Gutmann (2013)
Characterization of thiolate-protected gold nanoparticles by mass spectrometry.
Kellen M. Harkness (2010)
Formation of Rh-Au core-shell nanoparticles on TiO2(110) surface studied by STM and LEIS.
L. Óvári (2010)
Three-dimensional atomic-scale structure of size-selected gold nanoclusters
Z. Li (2008)
Chitosan modified magnetic nanoparticles based solid phase extraction combined with ICP-OES for the speciation of Cr(III) and Cr(VI)
C. Cui (2014)
Controlled formation of mass-selected Cu-Au core-shell cluster beams.
F. Yin (2011)
Magnetic polarization of noble metals by Co nanoparticles in M -capped granular multilayers ( M=Cu , Ag, and Au): An x-ray magnetic circular dichroism study
Juan Bartolomé (2008)
Cation distribution in Ni-substituted Mn0.5Zn0.5Fe2O4 nanoparticles: A Raman, Mössbauer, X-ray diffraction and electron spectroscopy study
Suneetha Thota (2016)
Nanoparticles as recyclable catalysts: the frontier between homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis.
D. Astruc (2005)
Ferromagnetic resonance of magnetostatically coupled shifted chains of nanoparticles in an oblique magnetic field
R. Bastardis (2016)
TEM characterization of chemically synthesized copper–gold nanoparticles
D. Tran (2011)
NPs: What do we need to know and can we measure everything we need to?' at 'Nanoparticle Characterisation -Challenges for the Community' event -IOP (Institute of Physics), book of abstracts
A Raman and AFM investigation on metal surfaces SERS-activated by silver colloidal nanoparticles
M. Muniz-Miranda (2007)
Rapid endo‐lysosomal escape of poly(DL‐lactide‐coglycolide) nanoparticles: implications for drug and gene delivery
J. Panyam (2002)
Measuring nanoparticle properties: are we high and dry or all at sea?’ at ‘Nanoparticle Characterisation – Challenges for the Community
C. Minelli (2016)
Microstructure, optical and FTIR studies of Ni, Cu co-doped ZnO nanoparticles by co-precipitation method
M. Ashokkumar (2014)
Difficulties in determining valence for Ag0 nanoparticles using XPS—characterization of nanoparticles inside poly (3‐sulphopropyl methacrylate) brushes
M. Ramstedt (2010)
Observation of Single Colloidal Platinum Nanocrystal Growth Trajectories
H. Zheng (2009)
Crystalline, Shape, and Surface Anisotropy in Two Crystal Morphologies of Superparamagnetic Cobalt Nanoparticles by Ferromagnetic Resonance
M. R. Diehl (2001)
Time-resolved SAXS studies of self-assembling process of palladium nanoparticles in templates of polystyrene-block-polyisoprene melt: Effects of reaction fields on the self-assembly
Yue Zhao (2009)
Acetate- and thiol-capped monodisperse ruthenium nanoparticles: XPS, XAS, and HRTEM studies.
Nassira Chakroune (2005)
Fine-tuning of gold nanorod dimensions and plasmonic properties using the Hofmeister effects
R. M. Pallares (2016)
Time-resolved in situ studies on the formation mechanism of iron oxide nanoparticles using combined fast-XANES and SAXS
Anke Kabelitz (2015)
Dynamic nuclear polarization surface enhanced NMR spectroscopy.
A. Rossini (2013)
Quantitative characterization of the colloidal stability of metallic nanoparticles using UV-vis absorbance spectroscopy.
Tyler R. Ray (2015)
SAXS Combined with UV-vis Spectroscopy and QELS: Accurate Characterization of Silver Sols Synthesized in Polymer Matrices
L. Bulavin (2016)
XMCD Proof of Ferromagnetic Behavior in ZnO Nanoparticles
C. Guglieri (2012)
Investigation of Co nanoparticles with EXAFS and XANES
G. Cheng (2004)
High-performance liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry for analysis of ultrasmall palladium nanoparticles.
L. Zhang (2015)
Metastability of the atomic structures of size-selected gold nanoparticles.
D. Wells (2015)
Kinematic HAADF-STEM image simulation of small nanoparticles.
D. S. He (2015)
Simulation of magnetophoretic separation processes in dispersions of superparamagnetic nanoparticles in the noncooperative regime
J. Andreu (2012)
Role of double-hydrophilic block copolymers in the synthesis of lanthanum-based nanoparticles
F. Bouyer (2003)
In situ determination of colloidal gold concentrations with UV-vis spectroscopy: limitations and perspectives.
Thomas Hendel (2014)
Anomalies in Nanostructure Size Measurements by AFM
A. Mechler (2005)
Structural investigation of aluminium doped ZnO nanoparticles by solid-state NMR spectroscopy.
Y. Avadhut (2012)
Characterization of palladium nanoparticles by using X-ray reflectivity, EXAFS, and electron microscopy.
Y. Sun (2006)
Mössbauer and magnetic studies in nickel ferrite nanoparticles: Effect of size distribution
R. Malik (2010)
Surface composition/organization of ionic liquids with Au nanoparticles revealed by high-sensitivity low-energy ion scattering.
Alan P. Kauling (2013)
Bimetallic nanoparticles for surface modification and lubrication of MEMS switch contacts.
Steven T. Patton (2008)
poster presentation: Shell thickness determination of core-shell NPs
N A Belsey
Rapid Nanoparticle Characterization
R. Anumolu (2012)
Reineke (Ed.) in Chapter 23 ‘Quantitative Nanoparticle Organ Disposition by Gel Permeation Chromatography
A. K. Mohammad (2012)
Applications of particle-tracking analysis to the determination of size distributions and concentrations of nanoparticles in environmental, biological and food samples
Julian A Gallego-Urrea (2011)
Determination of nanocrystal sizes: a comparison of TEM, SAXS, and XRD studies of highly monodisperse CoPt3 particles.
H. Borchert (2005)
Mössbauer analysis on the magnetic properties of Fe–Co nanoparticles synthesized by chemical vapor condensation process
Sei-Jin Oh (2004)
Physico-chemical changes of ZnO nanoparticles with different size and surface chemistry under physiological pH conditions.
Gyeong-Hyeon Gwak (2015)
AFM and XRD characterization of silver nanoparticles films deposited on the surface of DGEBA epoxy resin by ion sputtering
J. Andrade (2013)
Electron magnetic resonance and Mössbauer studies on iron doped SnO2 nanoparticles
M. Grecu (2012)
Synthesis and adsorption properties of gold nanoparticles within pores of surface-functional porous polymer microspheres
Y. Kim (2004)
Strong Coupling between ZnO Excitons and Localized Surface Plasmons of Silver Nanoparticles Studied by STEM-EELS.
J. Wei (2015)
Simultaneous SAXS/WAXS/UV-Vis Study of the Nucleation and Growth of Nanoparticles: A Test of Classical Nucleation Theory.
X. Chen (2015)
Behavior of Supported Palladium Oxide Nanoparticles under Reaction Conditions, Studied with near Ambient Pressure XPS.
A. Jürgensen (2015)
High resolution SEM imaging of gold nanoparticles in cells and tissues
A. Goldstein (2014)
A new certified reference material for size analysis of nanoparticles
A. Braun (2012)
Quantitative measurement of the surface self-diffusion on Au nanoparticles by aberration-corrected transmission electron microscopy.
A. Surrey (2012)
A One-Step Mechanochemical Route to Core−Shell Ca2SnO4 Nanoparticles Followed by 119Sn MAS NMR and 119Sn Mössbauer Spectroscopy
V. Šepelák (2009)
Aqueous ferrofluid of magnetite nanoparticles: Fluorescence labeling and magnetophoretic control.
Y. Sahoo (2005)
Quantifying the Impact of Nanoparticle Coatings and Nonuniformities on XPS Analysis: Gold/Silver Core-Shell Nanoparticles.
Yung-Chen Wang (2016)
Ferromagnetic resonance observation of a phase transition in magnetic field-aligned Fe2O3 nanoparticles
F. Owens (2009)
Temperature dependence of thermal expansion coefficient of silver nanoparticles and of bulk material determined by EXAFS.
M. Dubiel (2001)
Examination of individual nanoparticles with cluster SIMS
S. Rajagopalachary (2011)
New insights into the use of magnetic force microscopy to discriminate between magnetic and nonmagnetic nanoparticles.
Cristina S. Neves (2010)
Characterization and properties of metallic iron nanoparticles: spectroscopy, electrochemistry, and kinetics.
James T. Nurmi (2005)
Self-assembled silver nanoparticles monolayers on mica-AFM, SEM, and electrokinetic characteristics
M. Oćwieja (2013)
Physico-chemical and NMR relaxometric characterization of gadolinium hydroxide and dysprosium oxide nanoparticles.
Y. Gossuin (2008)
Solid-State NMR Characterization of Mixed Phosphonic Acid Ligand Binding and Organization on Silica Nanoparticles.
Stephen K Davidowski (2016)
Chemical and spatial analysis of protein loaded PLGA microspheres for drug delivery applications.
A. Rafati (2012)
Cryo-TEM of soft molecular assemblies
D. Danino (2012)
Sensing colorimetric approaches based on gold and silver nanoparticles aggregation: chemical creativity behind the assay. A review.
D. Vilela (2012)
Mössbauer spectroscopy studies of carbon-encapsulated magnetic nanoparticles obtained by different routes
M. Bystrzejewski (2008)
Charging/discharging of Au (core)/silica (shell) nanoparticles as revealed by XPS.
I. Tunç (2005)
The location of gold nanoparticles on titania: A study by high resolution aberration-corrected electron microscopy and 3D electron tomography
J. C. Hernández-Garrido (2011)
Ferromagnetic resonance of magnetic field oriented Fe3O4 nanoparticles in frozen ferrofluids
F. Owens (2003)
Mechanisms of nucleation and growth of nanoparticles in solution.
N. T. Thanh (2014)
Mössbauer study on the magnetic properties and cation distribution of CoFe2O4 nanoparticles synthesized by hydrothermal method
M. Liu (2016)
CZTSxSe1−x nanocrystals: Composition dependent method of preparation, morphological characterization and cyclic voltammetry data analysis
Y. Jadhav (2016)
Microbial manufacture of chalcogenide-based nanoparticles via the reduction of selenite using Veillonella atypica: an in situ EXAFS study.
C. Pearce (2008)
Advanced Characterization Techniques for Nanoparticles for Cancer Research: Applications of SEM and NanoSIMS for Locating Au Nanoparticles in Cells.
P. Kempen (2013)
On the structure of bimetallic noble metal nanoparticles as revealed by aberration corrected scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM)
A. Mayoral (2012)
GISAXS and AFM study of self‐assembled Fe2O3 nanoparticles and Si nanodots
A. Ulyanenkov (2011)
Ferromagnetic resonance in arrays of highly anisotropic nanoparticles
A. Butera (2006)
Nucleation and Growth of Metal Nanoparticles during Photoreduction Using In Situ Time-Resolved SAXS Analysis
Masafumi Harada (2011)
Superparamagnetic versus blocked states in aggregates of Fe(3-x)O₄ nanoparticles studied by MFM.
Carlos Moya (2015)
Characterization of IgG-protein-coated polymeric nanoparticles using complementary particle sizing techniques.
C. Minelli (2014)
Order–disorder transformation in FePt nanoparticles studied by ferromagnetic resonance
J. Vargas (2007)
Use of wide-angle X-ray diffraction to measure shape and size of dispersed colloidal particles.
S. Qazi (2009)
Monitoring the coordination of amine ligands on silver nanoparticles using NMR and SERS.
J. Cure (2015)
NPs: What do we need to know and can we measure everything we need to?
P. Dobson (2016)
Thesis:‘Synthesis and Charac
L. A. Wormell Green (2004)
Fifty years of Mössbauer spectroscopy: from alloys and oxides to glasses and nanoparticles
C. Johnson (2012)
Magnetic Force Microscopy for Nanoparticle Characterization
G. Córdova (2016)
Mössbauer Studies of Core-Shell Nanoparticles.
B. Kalska-Szostko (2011)
Characterization of Colloidal Platinum Nanoparticles by MALDI-TOF Mass Spectrometry
J. K. Navin (2009)
Characterization of nano-sized CdS–Ag2S core-shell nanoparticles using XPS technique
G. Hota (2007)
A Combined SAXS/SANS Study for the in Situ Characterization of Ligand Shells on Small Nanoparticles: The Case of ZnO.
T. Schindler (2015)
A systematic comparison of different techniques to determine the zeta potential of silica nanoparticles in biological medium
Aneta Sikora (2015)
Deviations from the Curie-law variation of magnetic susceptibility in antiferromagnetic nanoparticles
M. S. Seehra (2001)
X-ray absorption spectra and X-ray magnetic circular dichroism studies at Fe and Co L2,3 edges of mixed cobalt-zinc ferrite nanoparticles : cationic repartition, magnetic structure and hysteresis cycles
Jean-François Hochepied (2001)
Uniform patchy and hollow rectangular platelet micelles from crystallizable polymer blends
Huibin Qiu (2016)
oral presentation: ‘Challenges and Opportunities in Nanoparticle Analysis using ToF-SIMS?’ at ‘Nanoparticle Characterisation – Challenges for the Community
D. Scurr (2016)
Challenges and Opportunities in Nanoparticle Analysis using ToF-SIMS?' at 'Nanoparticle Characterisation -Challenges for the Community' event -IOP (Institute of Physics), book of abstracts
On the interpretation of the forbidden spots observed in the electron diffraction patterns of flat Au triangular nanoparticles.
J. Reyes-Gasga (2008)
Performance of high-resolution SEM/EDX systems equipped with transmission mode (TSEM) for imaging and measurement of size and size distribution of spherical nanoparticles.
Vasile-Dan Hodoroaba (2014)
Fabrication of core-shell Au-Pt nanoparticle film and its potential application as catalysis and SERS substrateElectronic supplementary information (ESI) available: AFM image and line scans of core-shell Au-Pt nanoparticle film (colour version of Fig. 4). See http://www.rsc.org/suppdata/jm/b3/b31486
L. Lu (2004)
The growth of one-dimensional CuPcF16 nanostructures on gold nanoparticles as studied by transmission electron microscopy tomography.
Neng Yun Jin-Phillipp (2012)
Free-Standing and Self-Crosslinkable Hybrid Films by Core–Shell Particle Design and Processing
Steffen Vowinkel (2017)
X-ray absorption spectroscopy on magnetic nanoscale systems for modern applications.
C. Schmitz-Antoniak (2015)
Investigation of cobalt–iron alloy nanoparticles in silica matrix by X-ray diffraction and Mössbauer spectroscopy
G. Concas (2003)
Effect of Surfactant Concentration and Aggregation on the Growth Kinetics of Nickel Nanoparticles
A. LaGrow (2013)
Distinguishing the core from the shell in MnO(x)/MnO(y) and FeO(x)/MnO(x) core/shell nanoparticles through quantitative electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS) analysis.
S. Estradé (2012)
Local structure and magnetic properties of cubic iron oxide nanoparticles formed in zeolite as deduced using Mössbauer spectroscopy
L. H. Singh (2013)
Nanocrystals of Cesium Lead Halide Perovskites (CsPbX3, X = Cl, Br, and I): Novel Optoelectronic Materials Showing Bright Emission with Wide Color Gamut
L. Protesescu (2015)
XAS/EXAFS studies of Ge nanoparticles produced by reaction between Mg2Ge and GeCl4
A. J. Pugsley (2011)
Determination of size and concentration of gold nanoparticles from UV-vis spectra.
W. Haiss (2007)
Development and validation of TOF-SIMS and CLSM imaging method for cytotoxicity study of ZnO nanoparticles in HaCaT cells.
Pei-Ling Lee (2014)
Ferromagnetic resonance in Ni–Zn ferrite nanoparticles in different aggregation states
R. Valenzuela (2012)
AFM characterization of dendrimer-stabilized platinum nanoparticles.
Yunlong Gu (2005)
A comparison of atomic force microscopy (AFM) and dynamic light scattering (DLS) methods to characterize nanoparticle size distributions
C. Hoo (2008)
Analysis of silver and gold nanoparticles in environmental water using single particle-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry.
Y. Yang (2016)
Study on the Defect Structure of SnO2:F Nanoparticles by High-Resolution Solid-State NMR
Y. Avadhut (2011)
Application of broadband alternating current magnetic susceptibility to the characterization of magnetic nanoparticles in natural materials
K. Kodama (2013)
EXAFS as a tool to interrogate the size and shape of mono and bimetallic catalyst nanoparticles.
A. Beale (2010)
Sequential HAADF-STEM observation of structural changes in Au nanoparticles supported on CeO2
T. Akita (2011)
Aggregation and disaggregation of iron oxide nanoparticles: Influence of particle concentration, pH and natural organic matter.
M. Baalousha (2009)
Sodium carbonate mediated synthesis of iron oxide nanoparticles to improve magnetic hyperthermia efficiency and induce apoptosis
C. Andujar (2014)
Separation/preconcentration of trace amounts of Cr, Cu and Pb in environmental samples by magnetic solid-phase extraction with Bismuthiol-II-immobilized magnetic nanoparticles and their determination by ICP-OES.
J. S. Suleiman (2009)
Determination of nanoparticle size distribution together with density or molecular weight by 2D analytical ultracentrifugation
R. Carney (2011)
Low biosorption of PVA coated engineered magnetic nanoparticles in granular sludge assessed by magnetic susceptibility.
M. P. Herrling (2015)
Structural diversity in binary nanoparticle superlattices
E. Shevchenko (2006)
Emerging techniques for submicrometer particle sizing applied to Stöber silica.
Nia C. Bell (2012)
Aberration Corrected STEM Study of the Surface of Lead Chalcogenide Nanoparticles
D. Garcia-Gutierrez (2014)
Insights into the Partitioning Behavior of Secondary Surfactants in a Microemulsion-Based Synthesis of Metal Nanoparticles: A DLS and 2D NMR Spectroscopic Investigation.
C. Dumas (2015)
Synthesis and DSC study on Sn3.5Ag alloy nanoparticles used for lower melting temperature solder
Changdong Zou (2010)
Size and ζ-Potential Measurement of Silica Nanoparticles in Serum Using Tunable Resistive Pulse Sensing.
Aneta E. Sikora (2016)
Chemical synthesis and characterization of hcp Ni nanoparticles
V. Tzitzios (2006)
Atomic structure of three-layer Au/Pd nanoparticles revealed by aberration-corrected scanning transmission electron microscopy
D. Ferrer (2008)
Aberration‐Corrected Transmission Electron Microscopy and In Situ XAFS Structural Characterization of Pt/γ‐Al2O3 Nanoparticles
W. Sinkler (2015)
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