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An Electrophoretic Study Of The Low-molecular-weight Components Of Myosin

W. T. Perrie, S. V. Perry

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1. The low-molecular-weight components of myosin freshly prepared by the standard procedure from adult rabbit skeletal muscle migrated as four main bands Ml1, Ml2, Ml3 and Ml4 on polyacrylamide-gel electrophoresis in 8m-urea. 2. The number of bands increased on storage. This change was accelerated by increasing the temperature and pH. 3. None of the bands had electrophoretic mobilities identical with those of the well-characterized proteins of the myofibril or with the sarcoplasmic proteins. 4. By varying the ionic conditions and concentration of muscle mince used for the initial extraction it was possible to change the relative proportions of the two electrophoretic bands of intermediate mobility, Ml2 and Ml3. 5. The four-band picture similar to that obtained with rabbit was observed with myosin isolated from skeletal muscle of the rat, mouse, hamster, pigeon and chicken. 6. Rabbit cardiac myosin gave only two bands on electrophoresis. Myosin from rabbit red muscle gave a pattern intermediate between cardiac and white-skeletal-muscle myosin, i.e. the two fastest bands were present in decreased relative amounts. 7. It is suggested that the differences in the low-molecular-weight components of myosin from different types of muscle are a consequence of differences in the isoenzyme composition of the myosins.