Regulation Of Uptake Of Purines, Pyrimidines And Amino Acids By Candida Utilis
Uptake of uracil by Candida utilis is increased by addition of leucine to a minimal medium in which organisms are growing. This response requires protein synthesis and has kinetics consistent with the induction of additional uracil transport by the amino acid or a derivative. Consequently, the contribution of exogenous radioactive uracil to the pyrimidine nucleotide pools increases so that RNA made after the amino acid is added is of greater specific radioactivity. Some other amino acids are as effective as leucine in increasing the incorporation of uracil into RNA. Growth with leucine present also increases to different extents the initial rates of uptake of adenine, cytosine, uridine, lysine, histidine, threonine, phenylalanine, aspartic acid and leucine itself. The action of leucine on lysine transport appears to involve induction. These effects are not restricted to leucine; growth with aspartic acid or phenylalanine in the medium gives similar results. Lysine, on the other hand, is without action on the uptake of leucine, aspartic acid, phenylalanine, threonine or uracil but decreases the initial rates of uptake of both histidine and lysine. We suggest that lysine represses its own transport. Similarly, there is a specific decrease in uracil uptake caused by growth with this pyrimidine. Thus in C. utilis there are complex interrelationships in the uptake of nitrogen-containing compounds.