Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.
← Back to Search

The Inhibition Of Mitochondrial Calcium Transport By Lanthanides And Ruthenium Red

Ken C. Reed, Fyfe L. Bygrave

Save to my Library
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy Visualize in Litmaps
Reduce the time it takes to create your bibliography by a factor of 10 by using the world’s favourite reference manager
Time to take this seriously.
Get Citationsy
An EGTA (ethanedioxybis(ethylamine)tetra-acetic acid)-quench technique was developed for measuring initial rates of 45Ca2+ transport by rat liver mitochondria. This method was used in conjunction with studies of Ca2+-stimulated respiration to examine the mechanisms of inhibition of Ca2+ transport by the lanthanides and Ruthenium Red. Ruthenium Red inhibits Ca2+ transport non-competitively with Ki 3×10-8m; there are 0.08nmol of carrier-specific binding sites/mg of protein. The inhibition by La3+ is competitive (Ki=2×10-8m); the concentration of lanthanide-sensitive sites is less than 0.001nmol/mg of protein. A further difference between their modes of action is that lanthanide inhibition diminishes with time whereas that by Ruthenium Red does not. Binding studies showed that both classes of inhibitor bind to a relatively large number of external sites (probably identical with the ‘low-affinity’ Ca2+-binding sites). La3+ competes with Ruthenium Red for most of these sites, but a small fraction of the bound Ruthenium Red (less than 2nmol/mg of protein) is not displaced by La3+. The results are discussed briefly in relation to possible models for a Ca2+ carrier.