Detection Of New Epitopes Formed Upon Oxidation Of Low-density Lipoprotein, Lipoprotein (a) And Very-low-density Lipoprotein. Use Of An Antiserum Against 4-hydroxynonenal-modified Low-density Lipoprotein
4-Hydroxynonenal (HNE) is a major aldehydic propagation product formed during peroxidation of unsaturated fatty acids. The aldehyde was used to modify freshly prepared human low-density lipoprotein (LDL). A polyclonal antiserum was raised in the rabbit and absorbed with freshly prepared LDL. The antiserum did not react with human LDL, but reacted with CuCl2-oxidized LDL and in a dose-dependent manner with LDL, modified with 1, 2 and 3 mM-HNE, in the double-diffusion analysis. LDL treated with 4 mM of hexanal or hepta-2,4-dienal or 4-hydroxyhexenal or malonaldehyde (4 or 20 mM) did not react with the antiserum. However, LDL modified with 4 mM-4-hydroxyoctenal showed a very weak reaction. Lipoprotein (a) and very-low-density lipoprotein were revealed for the first time to undergo oxidative modification initiated by CuCl2. This was evidenced by the generation of lipid hydroperoxides and thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances, as well as by a marked increase in the electrophoretic mobility. After oxidation these two lipoproteins also reacted positively with the antiserum against HNE-modified LDL.