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Headache In Lacunar Stroke

A. V. Salgado, J. Ferro
Published 1995 · Medicine

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The presence of headache within a 72-h interval of stroke onset was investigated in a cohort of 145 lacunar infarcts. Fourteen (10%) experienced diffuse or bilateral headache. Hypertension was less frequent (43 vs 76%; 95% CI: 6 to 60%) and of shorter duration (2.4 vs 7.8 years; t = 2.29; p = 0.02) among patients with headache. Leukoaraiosis was less frequent (40% vs 71%; 95% CI: -57 to -7%) and severe (7 vs 24%; 95% CI: -33 to -2%) in patients with headache. Age, sex, stroke risk factors, type of lacunar stroke, mode of onset, stroke severity, ultrasound and other CT findings were similar in patients with and without headache. No differences in the sixth month neurological or functional outcome were detected between lacunar patients with and without headache. Headache in lacunar stroke cannot be predicted by the clinical characteristics of the stroke and is not due to coexisting cardiembolism, intra or extracranial disease. Hypertensive small-vessel disease is less common and severe in lacunar strokes with associated headache.
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