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Gene Therapy In Wound Repair And Regeneration

F. Yao, E. Eriksson
Published 2000 · Biology, Medicine

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The potential use of gene therapy to treat human disease increases with the development of various physical, chemical, and biological methods to deliver genes to mammalian cells, and with our rapidly expanding knowledge of the human genome. One area of therapeutic interest for gene therapy is the treatment of wound healing disorders. Most recently, recombinant human growth factor therapy has been examined as a means to treat problem wounds. However, this approach suffers from the difficulty in providing an accurate dose of growth factor and the expense of the recombinant proteins. Delivery of a gene that could be expressed within the wound is an attractive alternative to application of the protein. This review discusses several methods that have been used to deliver genes encoding growth factor proteins into wounds and the advantages/disadvantages of each approach. Novel methods to regulate the expression of the transgene are also presented, highlighting the ability of these unique vector systems to adjust gene dose as the wound heals. We expect that gene therapy will become a significant treatment modality for those wound healing pathologies refractory to other wound management approaches in the years ahead.
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