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Sympathetic-independent Bradykinin Mechanical Hyperalgesia Induced By Subdiaphragmatic Vagotomy In The Rat.
Published 2002 · Medicine
Bradykinin-induced mechanical hyperalgesia is sympathetically dependent and B(2)-type bradykinin receptor-mediated in the rat; however, a sympathetically independent component of bradykinin hyperalgesia is shown after subdiaphragmatic vagotomy. We evaluated the mechanism of this bradykinin-induced sympathetic-independent mechanical hyperalgesia. The dose-response curve for bradykinin mechanical hyperalgesia in sympathectomized plus vagotomized rats was similar in magnitude to that for sympathetically dependent bradykinin hyperalgesia in normal rats. Although bradykinin mechanical hyperalgesia was mediated by the B(2)-type bradykinin receptors after sympathectomy plus vagotomy, it had a much more rapid latency to onset. This hyperalgesia was significantly attenuated by inhibition of protein kinase A but not protein kinase C, similar to the hyperalgesia produced by prostaglandin E(2), an agent that directly sensitizes primary afferent nociceptors. However, unlike prostaglandin E(2)-induced mechanical hyperalgesia in normal rats, after sympathectomy plus vagotomy, bradykinin-induced hyperalgesia was not attenuated by inhibition of nitric oxide synthesis. Peripheral administration of a mu opioid agonist, [D-Ala(2),N-Me-Phe(4),Gly(5)-ol]-enkephalin, significantly attenuated bradykinin mechanical hyperalgesia after sympathectomy plus vagotomy. These data suggest that after sympathectomy plus subdiaphragmatic vagotomy, bradykinin acts directly on primary afferents to produce mechanical hyperalgesia via a novel protein kinase A-dependent signaling mechanism.