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Hexavalent Chromium Removal In Two-stage Bioreactor System

H. Shen, Yi-tin Wang
Published 1995 · Chemistry

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A two-stage bioreactor system was used to reduce Cr(VI). Escherichia coli ATCC 33456 cells were aerobically grown in a first-stage chemostat, and then pumped to a second-stage plug-flow reactor where anaerobic Cr(VI) reduction occurred. Experimental results demonstrated that near complete removal of Cr(VI) was achieved in the plug-flow reactor under appropriate operating conditions. The removal efficiency in the plug-flow reactor was significantly affected by the influent Cr(VI) concentration, Cr(VI) loading rate, liquid detention time, and a consumed Cr(VI) reduction capacity factor. The consumed Cr(VI) reduction capacity factor was directly related to the toxicity effect of Cr(VI) on cells. To illustrate the influence of the consumed reduction capacity factor on Cr(VI) reduction in the plug-flow reactor, a mathematical model was developed by incorporating Cr(VI) reduction kinetics into the mass balance relationship of Cr(VI) for a plug-flow reactor. Analyses of Cr(VI) concentration profiles along the pl...
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