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A New Approach To The Theory Of Relaxing Polymeric Media

M. S. Green, A. V. Tobolsky
Published 1946 · Chemistry

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A molecular theory of relaxing media is presented which gives an expression for the stress in terms of the strain history. At any given time the strain history produces a distribution in internal strains which for mechanical properties can be characterized by a limited number of internal strain parameters. The second law of thermodynamics is used to define dissipation of energy at constant temperature and explicit expressions for dissipation of energy for any strain history are obtained. Inasmuch as relaxation during straining causes an essential reorganization of structure which is in fact the cause of dissipation, the kinetic theory of elasticity is extended to non‐isotropic polymeric networks. A tensor expression for the stress‐strain‐time relations is thereby developed.
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