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Sulfonamide Resistance Mechanism In Escherichia Coli: R Plasmids Can Determine Sulfonamide-resistant Dihydropteroate Synthases.
Published 1975 · Medicine, Biology
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Several natural isolate E. coli strains highly resistant to sulfonamides and antibiotics are shown to contain a sulfonamide-resistant dihydropteroate synthase (2-amino-4-hydroxy-6-hydroxymethyl-7,8-dihydropteridine-diphosphate:4-aminobenzoate 2-amino-4-hydroxydihydropteridine-6-methenyltransferase, EC 188.8.131.52) in addition to the normal sensitive enzyme. The resistant dihydropteroate synthases examined are determined by an R plasmid and are smaller and less heat stable than the normal sulfonamide-sensitive enzyme. One synthase resistant to any sulfonamide tested, and to sulfanilic and arsanilic acids, was still inhibited by several non-sulfonamide analogs of p-aminobenzoate. Citrobacter and Klebsiella pneumoniae strains also show similar mechanisms of sulfonamide resistance.