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Nuclear Diacylglycerol Produced By Phosphoinositide-specific Phospholipase C Is Responsible For Nuclear Translocation Of Protein Kinase C-α*

L. Neri, P. Borgatti, S. Capitani, A. Martelli
Published 1998 · Biology, Medicine

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It is well established that an independent inositide cycle is present within the nucleus, where it is involved in the control of cell proliferation and differentiation. Previous results have shown that when Swiss 3T3 cells are treated with insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) a rapid and sustained increase in mass of diacylglycerol (DAG) occurs within the nuclei, accompanied by a decrease in the levels of both phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate and phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate. However, it is unclear whether or not other lipids could contribute to this prolonged rise in DAG levels. We now report that the IGF-I-dependent increase in nuclear DAG production can be inhibited by the specific phosphatidylinositol phospholipase C inhibitor 1-O-octadeyl-2-O-methyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine or by neomycin sulfate but not by the purported phosphatidylcholine-phospholipase C specific inhibitor D609 or by inhibitors of phospholipase D-mediated DAG generation. Treatment of cells with 1-O-octadeyl-2-O-methyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine or neomycin sulfate inhibited translocation of protein kinase C-α to the nucleus. Moreover, exposure of cells to 1-O-octadeyl-2-O-methyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine, but not to D609, dramatically reduced the number of cells entering S-phase upon stimulation with IGF-I. These results suggest that the only phospholipase responsible for generation of nuclear DAG after IGF-I stimulation of 3T3 cells is PI-PLC. When this activity is inhibited, neither DAG rise is seen nor PKC-α translocation to the nucleus occurs. Furthermore, this PI-PLC activity appears to be essential for the G0/G1to S-phase transition.
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