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The Translational Regulation Of Lipoprotein Lipase In Diabetic Rats Involves The 3′-Untranslated Region Of The Lipoprotein Lipase MRNA*
G. Ranganathan, C. Li, P. Kern
Published 2000 · Biology, Medicine
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Adipose tissue lipoprotein lipase (LPL) activity is decreased in patients with poorly controlled diabetes, and this contributes to the dyslipidemia of diabetes. To study the mechanism of this decrease in LPL, we studied adipose tissue LPL expression in male rats with streptozotocin-induced diabetes. Heparin releasable and extractable LPL activity in the epididymal fat decreased by 75–80% in the diabetic group and treatment of the rats with insulin prior to sacrifice reversed this effect. Northern blot analysis indicated no corresponding change in LPL mRNA levels. However, LPL synthetic rate, measured using [35S]methionine pulse labeling, was decreased by 75% in the diabetic adipocytes, and insulin treatment reversed this effect. These results suggested regulation of LPL at the level of translation. Diabetic adipocytes demonstrated no change in the distribution of LPL mRNA associated with polysomes, suggesting no inhibition of translation initiation. Addition of cytoplasmic extracts from control and diabetic adipocytes to a reticulocyte lysate system demonstrated the inhibition of LPL translation in vitro. Using different LPL mRNA transcripts in this in vitro translation assay, we found that the 3′-untranslated region (UTR) of the LPL mRNA was important in controlling translation inhibition by the cytoplasmic extracts. To identify the specific region involved, gel shift analysis was performed. A specific shift in mobility was observed when diabetic cytoplasmic extract was added to a transcript containing nucleotides 1818–2000 of the LPL 3′-UTR. Thus, inhibition of translation is the predominant mechanism for the decreased adipose tissue LPL in this insulin-deficient model of diabetes. Translation inhibition involves the interaction of a cytoplasmic factor, probably an RNA-binding protein, with specific sequences of the LPL 3′-UTR.
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