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Business Travel Stress: A Model, Propositions And Managerial Implications

J. Ivancevich, Robert Konopaske, Richard S. DeFrank
Published 2003 · Psychology

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Although alternatives to business travel exist, many business activities rely on direct, personal contactand communication between individuals. The tragic events of 11 September 2001 will have to beovercome since business travel is vital to conduct commerce, negotiate transactions, and nurturepersonal relationships. In this context we present an integrated individual- and organizational-levelbusiness travel stress model. The starting point in constructing the business travel stress model is theperson-environment (P-E) fit model. The core premise of the P-E fit model is that stress arises notfrom the person or environment separately, but rather by their fit with one another. Using the P-E fitmodel as the initial framework, the present paper contends that a business travel stress model canprovide a needed framework for managers to learn about and study travel stressors, outcomes, andmoderators that effect their business traveller colleagues and the organization. A purposeful,parsimonious sample of 18 propositions to test and study a limited number of relationships anddimensions represented in the business travel stress model are provided. The paper also proposesfuture business travel stress research directions and discusses practical management implications.
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