← Back to Search
Pleasure As A Sign You Can Attend To Something Else: Placing Positive Feelings Within A General Model Of Affect
Published 2003 · Medicine, Psychology
Download PDFAnalyze on Scholarcy
Positive feelings are considered within the framework of a general model of origins and functions of affect. This model treats affect as reflecting the error signal of a feedback loop managing rate of incentive-seeking (and threat-avoidant) behaviour. In this view, positive feelings represent a sign that things are going better than necessary and are presumed to induce coasting. A tendency to coast is seen as facilitating the shift of attention and effort to other behavioural domains, where they may be needed more or where unforeseen opportunities have arisen. Such a function for positive feelings would permit the person both to maintain satisfactory standing with regard to multiple goals and to take advantage of unforeseen opportunities, thus providing adaptive value. Comparisons are made to other recently developed ideas concerning the functions of positive feelings.
This paper references
Resolving Conflicts Among Self-Evaluative Motives: Positive Experiences as a Resource for Overcoming Defensiveness
Y. Trope (1998)
Positive affect and decision making.
A. Isen (1993)
The two general activation systems of affect: Structural findings, evolutionary considerations, and psychobiological evidence
David Watson (1999)
Mood and the use of scripts: does a happy mood really lead to mindlessness?
H. Bless (1996)
Issues in dimensional structure of affect--Effects of descriptors, measurement error, and response formats: Comment on Russell and Carroll (1999).
David Watson (1999)
Emotional responses to goal attainment: strength of regulatory focus as moderator.
E. Higgins (1997)
Motivating the focus of attention.
D. Derryberry (1994)
The Influence of Positive Affect on Clinical Problem solving
A. Isen (1991)
Affect and the Functional Bases of Behavior: On the Dimensional Structure of Affective Experience
C. Carver (2001)
Self-Affirmation Reduces Biased Processing of Health-Risk Information
M. Reed (1998)
Self-Discrepancy : A Theory Relating Self and Affect
Perspectives on Anxiety and Impulsivity: A Commentary
J. A. Gray (1987)
Emotion and Affective Style: Hemispheric Substrates
R. Davidson (1992)
Toward a Self-Evaluation Maintenance Model of Social Behavior
A. Tesser (1988)
Core affect, prototypical emotional episodes, and other things called emotion: dissecting the elephant.
J. Russell (1999)
A unified biosocial theory of personality and its role in the development of anxiety states: a reply to commentaries.
C. R. Cloninger (1988)
A Critique of Eysenck’s Theory of Personality
J. A. Gray (1981)
Temperament, personality, and the mood and anxiety disorders.
L. Clark (1994)
The Influence of Positive Affect on Variety Seeking among Safe, Enjoyable Products
Barbara E. Kahn (1993)
On the bipolarity of positive and negative affect.
J. Russell (1999)
Neurobiology of the structure of personality: dopamine, facilitation of incentive motivation, and extraversion.
R. Depue (1999)
The three arousal model: implications of gray's two-factor learning theory for heart rate, electrodermal activity, and psychopathy.
D. Fowles (1980)
Ideals, oughts, and regulatory focus: Affect and motivation from distinct pains and pleasures.
E. Higgins (1996)
A Cognitive Model of Planning
B. Hayes-Roth (1979)
Positive affect, cognitive processes, and social behavior.
A. Isen (1987)
Urgency, Motivation, and Group Performance: The Effect of Prior Success on Current Success Among Professional Basketball Teams
M. Mizruchi (1991)
The Cognitive Structure of Emotions
Andrew Ortony (1988)
On the Self-Regulation of Behavior
C. Carver (1998)
Experimental studies of conflict
N E Miller (1944)
The Cognitive Structure of Emotions
A. Ortony (1988)
Motivational, organizational, and regulatory functions of discrete emotions
C E Izard (2000)
Internalized plans: A representation for action resources
D. Payton (1990)
Conservation of resources. A new attempt at conceptualizing stress.
S. Hobfoll (1989)
State anger and prefrontal brain activity: evidence that insult-related relative left-prefrontal activation is associated with experienced anger and aggression.
E. Harmon-Jones (2001)
The regulation of positive affect: Gaze aversion activity during mother-infant interaction
C. Stifter (1991)
Objective happiness Well being: The foundations of hedonic psychology (pp. 3±25)
D Kahneman (1999)
What Good Are Positive Emotions?
B. Fredrickson (1998)
Cognitive determinants of emotions.
Ira J. Roseman (1983)
Motivational and emotional controls of cognition.
H. Simon (1967)
Negative affects deriving from the behavioral activation system. Manuscript under review
C S Carver (2002)
Feelings and their motivational implications: Moods and the action sequence
Nikolaus Schwarz (1996)
Social Learning and Imitation
N. E. Miller (1942)
A secure base: Parent-child attachment and healthy human development.
J. Bowlby (1988)
Hedonic relativism and planning the good society
P. Brickman (1971)
Control System Dynamics
R. N. Clark (1996)
Affect, cognition, and hemispheric specialization.
R. Davidson (1985)
Scaling back goals and recalibration of the affect system are processes in normal adaptive self-regulation: understanding 'response shift' phenomena.
C. Carver (2000)
The affect system has parallel and integrative processing components: Form follows function.
J. Cacioppo (1999)
Cerebral asymmetry, emotion, and affective style.
R. Davidson (1995)
Emotions are functional, most of the time
N. Frijda (1994)
Task effort and the regulation of mood: The absorption hypothesis
R. Erber (1992)
Prolegomenon to the structure of emotion: Gleanings from neuropsychology
R. Davidson (1992)
The laws of emotion.
N. Frijda (1988)
The effect of feeling good on a helping task that is incompatible with good mood
A. Isen (1978)
Why emotions are felt The nature of emotion: Fundamental questions (pp. 103±111)
G C Clore (1994)
A systematic method for clinical description and classification of personality variants. A proposal.
C. Robert Cloninger (1987)
Self-regulation and depletion of limited resources: does self-control resemble a muscle?
M. Muraven (2000)
Origins and Functions of Positive and Negative Affect: A Control-Process View.
C. Carver (1990)
Beyond Hedonism and Associationism: A Configural View of the Role of Affect in Evaluation, Processing, and Self-Regulation
L. Martin (1998)
A circumplex model of affect.
J. A. Russell (1980)
Positive and Negative: Infant Facial Expressions and Emotions
D. Messinger (2002)
Reconciling competing motives in self-evaluation: the role of self-control in feedback seeking.
Y. Trope (1994)
Dynamics of action identification: Volatility and structure in the mental representation of behavior.
R. Vallacher (1996)
Velocity relation : satisfaction as a function of the first derivative of outcome over time
C. Hsee (1991)
Human emotion: A functional view
R. Levenson (1994)
Models of Man.
G. Shackle (1957)
The Role of Positive Affect in Syllogism Performance
R. J. Melton (1995)
Several more themes, a lot more issues: Commentary on the commentaries
C S Carver (1999)
Mood, misattribution, and judgments of well-being: Informative and directive functions of affective states.
Norbert Schwarz (1983)
The Intrapersonal Functions of Emotion
R. Levenson (1999)
Three fundamental emotion systems The nature of emotion: Fundamental questions (pp. 243±247)
J A Gray (1994)
Confluence of Self-Esteem Regulation Mechanisms: On Integrating the Self-Zoo
A. Tesser (2000)
Affective Style and Affective Disorders: Perspectives from Affective Neuroscience
R. Davidson (1998)
The role of positive emotions in positive psychology. The broaden-and-build theory of positive emotions.
B. Fredrickson (2001)
Affective neuroscience: the emergence of a discipline
R. Davidson (1995)
Rethinking the Role of Positive Affect in Self-Regulation
L. Aspinwall (1998)
John Stainer (1922)
This paper is referenced by
Does arousal per se account for the influence of appetitive stimuli on attentional scope and the late positive potential?
Philip A. Gable (2013)
What Matters When: A Multistage Model and Empirical Examination of Job Search Effort
Virginie Lopez-Kidwell (2013)
Modelling Dynamic Affective and Decision Making Processes during Approach and Avoidance Goal Striving
P. Gee (2014)
The volatile nature of positive affect effects: opposite effects of positive affect and time on task on proactive control
Carmen Hefer (2018)
Feeling proud today may lead people to coast tomorrow: Daily intraindividual associations between emotion and effort in academic goal striving.
Eunjin Seo (2020)
Interactions of Metacognition With Motivation and Affect in Self-Regulated Learning: The MASRL Model
A. Efklides (2011)
SOCIAL, PERSONAL, AND ENVIRONMENTAL INFLUENCES ON SELF- CONTROL by
M. Renée (2008)
The Influence of Valenced Images on Perceptual Learning
Noah Sulman (2008)
The effects of approach-avoidance behaviors on goal appraisals
J. Hicks (2009)
Exploring Postconsumption Guilt and Pride in the Context of Sustainability
P. Antonetti (2014)
CAN PURCHASES MAKE US HAPPIER? PERHAPS, IF WE TELL OTHERS ABOUT THEM
Wilson Bastos (2013)
Happiness unpacked: positive emotions increase life satisfaction by building resilience.
Michael A Cohn (2009)
Emotions in Sport: Current Issues and Perspectives
Y. Hanin (2012)
The Two Facets of Pleasure
Laura Sizer (2013)
Adolescents’ Development of Individual Interests: A Product of Multiple Goal Regulation?
M. Hofer (2010)
Deception as forgery: The role of reference information in honesty and deceit
Timothy J Luke (2015)
Positive mood is associated with the implicit use of distraction
R. Biss (2010)
A quasi-experimental study into the influence of a short-term positive psychological intervention on social anxiety, gratitude and happiness in undergraduates
K. Hayes (2016)
Emotions as metarepresentational states of mind: Naturalizing the belief–desire theory of emotion
R. Reisenzein (2009)
Self-Regulatory Functions Supporting Motivated Action
C. Carver (2017)
Psychological momentum: The phenomenology of goal pursuit
W. Briki (2018)
Bridging emotion theory and neurobiology through dynamic systems modeling.
M. Lewis (2005)
Happiness and the heart : an investigation into the mechanisms linking psychological well-being, work stress and cardiovascular disease
S. Bostock (2013)
Affective Primacy in Intraorganizational Task Networks
Tiziana Casciaro (2015)
Dark Horse Running: The Role of Affect in Goal Pursuit and Goal Termination among Pessimists
Justin A. Wellman (2010)
The implicit cognitive perspective in acculturation
Daisung Jang (2011)
Felicidad y satisfacción laboral de los consultores empresariales de Lima Metropolitana y el Callao
Rossanna Patricia del Pilar Gonzales Diéguez (2019)
Mitigating the gap between knowledge and practice regarding quality of medical service
Kazuho Yamaura (2008)
Exploring Distinct Aspects of Shame and Guilt: Can Startle Reflex Modification Differentiate Shame from Guilt?
Sangmoon Kim (2012)
Smiling in Infancy
Laura H. Bolzani (2010)
Escaping the emotional blur: Design tools for facilitating positive emotional granularity
JungKyoon Yoon (2018)
Happiness Donut: A Confucian Critique of Positive Psychology.
L. Sundararajan (2005)See more