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Acute Effects Of Static Stretching, Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation Stretching, And Maximum Voluntary Contractions On Explosive Force Production And Jumping Performance

W. Young, S. Elliott
Published 2001 · Materials Science, Medicine

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Warm-up prior to physical activity is a well accepted practice believed to reduce the risk of injury and enhance performance (McArdle, Katch, & Katch, 1991; Safran, Seaber, & Garrett, 1989). Various stretching techniques are commonly included in a warm-up to reduce muscle stiffness and increase the range of motion (ROM) at joints. Stanley and McNair (1996) compared the effects of running, static stretching, and combined running and stretching on muscle stiffness and ROM. While the combination of running and stretching were most effective for increasing ankle ROM, stretching added nothing to running to decrease musculotendinous (MTEN) stiffness. Although stretching is generally effective for inducing acute and chronic changes in ROM (Alter: 1996; Wienmann & Hahn 1997;Wiktorsson-Moller,Oberg, Ekstrand, & Gillquist, 1983), its effects on MTEN stiffness and the optimum stiffness for physicalperformance are not so clear (WIlson,1991). Eight weeks ofstatic stretching training of the pectoral muscle group has been shown to result in a 7.2% decrease in MTEN stiffness, as measured by an oscillation technique (Wilson, Elliott, & Wood, 1992). This was accompanied by a significant increase in bench press performance when this exercise was performed using a
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