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Practical Improvement Of SAP Hydrogel Properties Via Facile Tunable Cross-linking Of The Particles Surface

N. Moini, K. Kabiri, M. J. Zohuriaan-Mehr
Published 2016 · Materials Science

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ABSTRACT To improve gel toughness, surface cross-linking of partiallyneutralized acrylic acid based superabsorbent polymers (superabsorbent polymers, prepared by solution polymerization) was performed by diethylene glycol diglycidyl ether. Considering effective factors (treatment solution, surface cross-linker content, post-treatment temperature, and duration), a two-step surface modification procedure was performed on dried superabsorbent polymers particles. Attenuated total reflection–Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy has proved chemical cross-linking reaction. Mechanical properties have also been investigated. Besides, the modified rubber elasticity theory and Flory–Rehner equations have been used to investigate how they work in core–shell-like structure. The optimum condition provides at least a 100% raise in gel strength and appropriate absorbency. GRAPHICAL ABSTRACT
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